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Heat in the city. Survival guide

Story How to Survive the Heat in the City

Europe has been suffering from heat for many days now. The heat is also peeking into Russia. Forecasters predict a new round of heat already this weekend, the thermometers can reach record levels, the weekend of August 13-14 can become the hottest in the summer.

According to  forecast by scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia Roman Vilfand, on Saturday and Sunday will be four to five degrees above the new climatic norms, the expert told RIA Novosti. The heat in Moscow will continue until the middle of next week.

Heat — this is not only an extra reason to leave the city or go to the beach, but and a rather serious test for our health, mood, and for animals and even our cars. Overcoming trials should be wisely, carefully prepared. We tell you how to survive this difficult time without hurting yourself.

Heat in Moscow

Abnormal heat comes to not for the first time. On such days, the inhabitants of the city are drawn to reservoirs, and if there is nothing suitable nearby, then to fountains, in order to feel at least a little freshness next to murmuring water. Walks in nature, in parks and squares — also one of the way to survive in hot weather.

You can see how Muscovites escaped the heat when the weather set records in different years in photo gallery aif.ru.

Anomalous heat in Moscow in different years

In June 1954, the air temperature in the capital rose to 33 degrees. In the photo: vacationers on the beach in Serebryany Bor in the 1950s. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Tikhanov “520” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1972, all three summer months were abnormally warm, the hottest in Moscow was July 7 and August 21 (34.8). In the photo: residents of the capital sunbathe and swim in the Moskva River near the metro bridge on Vorobyovy Gory (formerly known as Leninskiye Gory) in the 1970s. © RIA Novosti/Valery Shustov “531” width=”775″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1981, a 30-degree heat set in from the end of June, in July there were nine days with a temperature of 30 degrees and above. The peak value of the summer season in 1981 was 35 degrees (July 22). On the photo: Luzhnetskaya embankment in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/M. Barabanov =”531″ width=”353″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1988, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32.5 degrees (June 6) and to 32.7 degrees (June 7). In the photo: a woman is resting in Izmailovsky Park. © RIA Novosti/Fidler

June 1998 was abnormally warm: the heat lasted from the beginning of the month until the 20th. The air temperature in the capital warmed up to 30 degrees and above: June 10 (30.0), June 11 (31.3), June 12 (30.8), June 13 (30.3), June 14 (33.4) and June 15 (33.9). In the photo: a girl at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin

In 1999, hot, dry weather lasted almost the whole of June, during 18 days the daytime air temperature warmed up to 28-32 degrees. In the photo: residents of the capital spend their free time by the water on a hot day. © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Korobeinikov

July 29, 2010 the temperature in Moscow rose to 38.2 degrees. Smog and the smell of burning from forest and peat fires in the suburbs spread throughout the capital. © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Chalabov “531” width=”797″ style=”display: block;” />

On August 6, 2010, the temperature in Moscow rose to 37.3 degrees. In the photo: a man is resting on the lawn under an umbrella. © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Fomichev “531” width=”734″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 27, 2013, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32 degrees. In the photo: vacationers at the Friendship of Peoples fountain at VDNKh. © RIA Novosti/Ekaterina Chesnokova

On June 5, 2014, the temperature in Moscow rose to 31.6 degrees. In the photo: Moscow residents flee from the heat at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev “531” width=”790″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 17, 2020, the temperature record set in 1892 was broken in Moscow. The air in the capital warmed up to 31.4 degrees. On the photo: Tverskaya street in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev “481” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 23, 2021, the temperature in Moscow rose to 34.8 degrees. In the photo: a girl bathes in the White Lake in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Pavel Bednyakov

August 6 was the second hottest day of the current summer in Moscow after July 11, when the air temperature was 32.8 degrees Celsius. On August 6, 2022, the temperature rose to plus 31.7 degrees. In the photo: people at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Biyatov

Anomalous heat in Moscow in different years

In June 1954, the air temperature in the capital rose to 33 degrees. In the photo: vacationers on the beach in Serebryany Bor in the 1950s. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Tikhanov

In 1972, all three summer months were abnormally warm, the hottest in Moscow was July 7 and August 21 (34.8). In the photo: residents of the capital sunbathe and swim in the Moskva River near the metro bridge on Vorobyovy Gory (formerly known as Leninskiye Gory) in the 1970s. © RIA Novosti/Valery Shustov :block;” />

In 1981, a 30-degree heat set in from the end of June, in July there were nine days with a temperature of 30 degrees and above. The peak value of the summer season in 1981 was 35 degrees (July 22). On the photo: Luzhnetskaya embankment in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/M. Drums display: block;” />

In 1988, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32.5 degrees (June 6) and to 32.7 degrees (June 7). In the photo: a woman is resting in Izmailovsky Park. © RIA Novosti/Fidler block;” />

June 1998 was abnormally warm: the heat continued from the beginning of the month until the 20th. The air temperature in the capital warmed up to 30 degrees and above: June 10 (30.0), June 11 (31.3), June 12 (30.8), June 13 (30.3), June 14 (33.4) and June 15 (33.9). In the photo: a girl at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin :block;” />

In 1999, hot, dry weather lasted almost the whole of June, during 18 days the daytime air temperature warmed up to 28-32 degrees. In the photo: residents of the capital spend their free time by the water on a hot day. © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Korobeinikov

July 29, 2010 the temperature in Moscow rose to 38.2 degrees. Smog and the smell of burning from forest and peat fires in the suburbs spread throughout the capital. © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Chalabov :block;” />

On August 6, 2010, the temperature in Moscow rose to 37.3 degrees. In the photo: a man is resting on the lawn under an umbrella. © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Fomichev :block;” />

On June 27, 2013, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32 degrees. In the photo: vacationers at the Friendship of Peoples fountain at VDNKh. © RIA Novosti/Ekaterina Chesnokova :block;” />

On June 5, 2014, the temperature in Moscow rose to 31.6 degrees. In the photo: Moscow residents flee from the heat at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev :block;” />

On June 17, 2020, the temperature record set in 1892 was broken in Moscow. The air in the capital warmed up to 31.4 degrees. On the photo: Tverskaya street in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev :block;” />

On June 23, 2021, the temperature in Moscow rose to 34.8 degrees. In the photo: a girl bathes in the White Lake in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Pavel Bednyakov :block;” />

August 6 was the second hottest day of the current summer in Moscow after July 11, when the air temperature was 32.8 degrees Celsius. On August 6, 2022, the temperature rose to plus 31.7 degrees. In the photo: people at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Biyatov

Risk group

When it  outside 30 degrees and such weather lasts for for several days, it's hard for everyone. Especially those who suffer from chronic diseases, the elderly. They should be especially attentive to their health and lifestyle. The load on the cardiovascular system is growing, the heart beats more often, and the body loses fluid on a larger scale than in usual time.

For the elderly, dehydration is very dangerous, they need to replenish the lack of fluid in time. “However, elderly people may have problems with  — warns aif.ru readers Chief Geriatrician of the Moscow Department of Health, ­Deputy Director of the Russian Gerontological Research and Clinical Center, Professor Nadezhda Runikhina. — With age, many people begin to feel less thirsty. There are patients who, due to such a geriatric syndrome as urinary incontinence, specifically try to limit their water intake. Others try to drink less to avoid profuse sweating. A decrease in fluid in the body leads to a whole cascade of adverse reactions. In particular, the risk of thrombosis increases, because. blood viscosity increases. And this, in turn, can lead to heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis — depending on in in which vessels blood clots have formed».

Do not refresh, but dehydrate

When it's hot, we really want something refreshing, but instead of cooling the body a little, we harm it and dehydrate it. And if healthy people can tolerate such mistakes relatively calmly without noticing them, although not without long-term consequences, then people who suffer from diseases of the kidneys or cardiovascular system may feel very unwell.

For for example, everyone's favorite watermelon, the main berry of the end of summer — contribute to dehydration and  edema, according to pediatrician, candidate of medical sciences Irina Yuzup, diuretic products (watermelons, tomatoes, celery) contribute to dehydration of the body, and also contain an excess of salts and  sugars. Therefore, in the heat they must be consumed very sparingly.

Alcohol — main enemy

A mug of beer in the heat or a refreshing mojito will do much more harm in the heat than in normal weather, because we remember that alcohol, even in small quantities, is harmful to health. According to immunologist-allergist Anna Shulyaeva, alcohol in & nbsp; heat damages blood vessels and & nbsp; dehydrates the body. Alcohol needs a lot of water to break down, and even at normal temperatures it's difficult for the body, let alone when the body is exhausted by the heat. Against the background of its use, dryness in the mouth begins, there may be a headache. As a result, alcohol only increases thirst, dehydration on its background on a hot day is fraught with dizziness and fainting. And the load on the heart and vessels is still growing, which is fraught with a drop in blood pressure, the risks of heart attacks and strokes increase.

Don't forget about vitamins and minerals

In heat we lose more magnesium, potassium and sodium, their lack should be filled. “Potassium, for example, can be obtained from  hazelnuts, — says Anna Ivashkevich, dietitian and family therapist, — it is enough to eat a small handful a day, 8-10 pieces. By the way, nuts can be a great snack if you add seasonal berries and fruits. Magnesium can also be obtained from foods, it contains chocolate, buckwheat, spinach, almonds and cashew».

For the heat, cooling products are often recommended, those that contain a lot of moisture. These are cucumbers, zucchini, with minimal heat treatment, steamed or stewed. These are broccoli and cauliflower, which can also be steamed or blanched. Excellent refreshing kefir. It also saturates, if you take not  fat-free, but 3.2%. Add herbs, spices to and you will get a great snack or a light dish.

Exclude icy and heavy

However, cravings for refreshing and cold foods and drinks can damage our digestive system. "Such drinks and dishes cool for a short time — notes Irina Yuzup, — but the body needs to work hard to warm and digest such food, and we remember that the main forces go to thermoregulation. Dishes and drinks should not be colder than 10-15 degrees Celsius. The expert also recommends to refrain from eating heavy, fatty, fried, fast food. The  body must have the strength to cool and fight heat, and such products are too heavy.

Plan your purchases

Poison yourself with spoiled foods in  — lighter than easy. Even the products you just bought from the shop can spoil on the way home in stuffy vehicles.

Nadezhda Raeva, Head of the Food Hygiene Supervision Department of the Rospotrebnadzor Office for the Moscow Region, warns: ""Any protein foods spoil very quickly. They should be stored at a temperature of + 2- + 4 & nbsp; degrees. And it is dangerous to transport them without a cooler bag. We can not save this temperature during transportation. Of course, the manufacturer provides for a certain reserve ratio, for example, you can carry products from store to home in 15-20 minutes, but often it is not possible to get there so quickly. And already if you have to go by public transport — it's much longer. According to the expert, at at-risk — sausage, meat and fish, even dairy products, you should pay special attention to them, since we eat cottage cheese and kefir without heat treatment. Even ice cream spoils in the heat: if it begins to thaw, then pathogenic bacteria also develop in it, therefore it is not recommended to eat melted ice cream.

To avoid the explosive multiplication of bacteria in products that occurs on  hot weather, it is best to stock up on a cooler bag or a thermal pack for transporting groceries, plan shopping times, go only to the nearest stores or buy groceries early in the morning or late in the evening when there is no strong heat.

< h2>Water treatments

Rest by pond and swimming — one of the main ways to cool off and favorite entertainment on weekends. Here, too, you need to act wisely. You can’t warm up too much in the sun, and then rush into cold water, says Anna Shulyaeva, an immunologist-allergist: “Sudden temperature changes don’t have a very good effect.” this and  constriction of blood vessels, and  many other troubles. It can be fraught with various problems, up to  cardiac failures. It is generally better to avoid frying in the sun, and choose reservoirs with a comfortable temperature for swimming.

Cream — required

For more than a year now, doctors have been actively recommending not to go outside in the heat and under the sun without sunscreen. Moreover, it is advised to use maximum filters — more often we are talking about a value of 50. “Creams should be with SPF 30-50 protection. It is important to remember this, because burns come on quickly and not always you can feel them right away, and unpleasant symptoms will bother you for a long time — redness, burning, peeling skin, inability to lie down, — notes Anna Shulyaeva.

Car overheating

“Iron Friend” also suffers from heat and may fail at any minute, overheating on the road. And & nbsp; this is already fraught with danger for the person sitting in it: no one wants to be under the scorching rays of the sun in an open field. The most common cause of overheating is the radiator, which over the years has become clogged with dirt, poplar fluff, chemicals, etc. The radiator is damaged even during an unsuccessful car wash.

Another reason for frequent overheating of the motor is a faulty thermostat, which stops opening the external circuit of the cooling system, due to which the antifreeze circulates in a small circle. Incomplete opening of its valve will lead to deterioration in the supply of antifreeze from the engine to the radiator.

Aif.ru advises that you also need to check under the hood of the car so that overheating is not terrible for your car >&gt ;>

Water is leaving

From year to year, heat waves become longer and more frequent, their temperature gradually rises. This does not remain without consequences, the climate affects not only the health of people, but the landscape, and the behavior of animals.

Because of the heat, there are threats, including energy the security of Russia, and and the whole world as a whole. This is how Siberian rivers become shallow, even such full-flowing rivers as the Ob and the Yenisei.

"Low water levels in Siberian rivers are explained by abnormal meteorological conditions of the current year — little snowy winter and hot spring. This kind of low water occurs approximately once in 75-100 years. There is nothing unusual here, nature has certain cycles, — says the head Department of Land Hydrology, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Doctor of Geographical Sciences Natalia Frolova. — Low water — this is a seasonal or long-term period of low water content, and this is a dangerous hydrological phenomenon, unfortunately, it is observed more and more often on the territory of Russia. It carries a lot of consequences — social, economic, environmental… First, shipping is suffering. Secondly, the generation of electricity by river HPPs is decreasing, because their indicators directly depend on the volume of water accumulated in reservoirs. Thirdly, there are interruptions in the water supply of the population and industrial enterprises. In addition, water quality is deteriorating, crop yields are falling, risks to human health arise, and the quality of life in general decreases.

Attack of slugs

Hot weather also affects the behavior of animals, more precisely their migration, their exploration of new territories.

For example, in Russia, animals from other, more southern regions began to appear more and more often. So, in the gardens of central Russia, red Spanish slugs were noticed, which could inadvertently be brought from southern countries along with fruits and vegetables. And the slugs took root. Gardeners have already managed to invent an original way to deal with them. It is necessary to bury next to the beds attacked by invertebrates, a tin can, where to pour some beer. According to Andrei Tumanov, a gardener and gardener, slugs love beer and will gather in large numbers of such traps.

< p>

Scientists believe that one of reasons  — global warming. Strengthening of invasions (that is, the appearance of invasive species — ed. note) all over the world, scientists associate with including it (global warming — ed. note), — told aif.ru Varos Petrosyan, chief researcher at the Institute of Ecology Problems and evolution named after A. N. Severtsova RAS, Doctor of Biological Sciences. A year ago, the UN published the next, sixth in a row, report on what is happening with climate on the planet. Warming is proceeding at an unprecedented rate, changes are taking place in nature, which have not happened for hundreds of thousands of years. This report presents 40 models in different regions of the Earth. Until  2040, all these models are quite close and show a warming of  1.5 °C. And farther, until 2100 the year, the scenarios differ, the range of possible warming ranges from 4.6 to 6 °C».

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Politico finds out Trump is suspected of violating espionage law

The FBI is investigating the ex-President of the United States, who was previously found in possession of classified documents, also on suspicion of destroying records and obstructing the investigation. He may face jail

Donald Trump

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Vučić opposes foreign military bases in Serbia

President Aleksandar Vučić said that as long as he is the supreme commander, there will be no military bases of other states in Serbia

Serbia does not need military bases on its territory. This was stated by President Aleksandar Vučić, Kurir.rs reports.

“Serbia does not need any military bases, Serbia itself will defend its country and people, build alliances and not be ashamed of good relations with Russia, America and China. We'll take care of ourselves,— said Vučić.

The head of state noted that as long as he is the supreme commander, no one will force Serbia to build a military base on its territory.

Russian Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Serbia Alexander Botsan-Kharchenko said earlier that the creation of a Russian military base in Serbia is a sovereign affair of the country itself. The diplomat noted that Russia ensures the energy stability of Serbia, and military-technical cooperation continues.

The President of Serbia had previously refused to impose sanctions against Russia, despite pressure from the EU countries. Vučić explained that Belgrade's position is not anti-Western or Russophobic, despite being surrounded by NATO countries. He compared the state to a “small island”.

“Some people call it a problem. What is the problem in trusting our people, the heroic genes of our citizens, and that we are able to defend our land and want to have the right to defend our borders, our country, have our own military and protect our sky? he explained.

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Kommersant learned about the detention of the ex-deputy of the State Duma at the Adler airport

Yevgeny Trepov is accused of embezzling the money of the bankrupt Confidence Bank, which he owned. According to security officials, the ex-deputy was going to flee to Georgia. He was transferred to Moscow and arrested

Former State Duma deputy Yevgeny Trepov was detained at the Adler airport, the Kommersant newspaper writes.

Trepov is accused of embezzling money from the bankrupt Kostroma Confidence Bank, the owner and chairman of the board of directors of which he was, according to the publication. Criminal case under Part 4 of Art. 160 of the Criminal Code was initiated by the Investigative Committee in October last year. He was charged in absentia, and then he was put on the federal wanted list. A bank with a debt of 4.3 billion lost its license in April 2018.

According to security officials, the ex-deputy was going to flee to Georgia. He was transferred to Moscow. On Friday, the Basmanny District Court placed Trepov under house arrest. In the case of embezzlement, the former and. about. Chairman of the Board of Confidence Bank Svetlana Germogenova, the court arrested her.

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WSJ learned about the lack of money in Ukraine for salaries of the military

WSJ: Ukraine struggles to pay its soldiers and has to print money for the military Taxes only cover about 40% of spending, while military spending exceeds 60%. Kyiv needs about $5 billion a month to cover the remaining expenses. The National Bank has to print money, which weakens the hryvnia and spurs inflation

Ukraine is struggling to pay salaries to military personnel and is forced to print money to cover military expenses, The Wall Street Journal writes, citing Finance Minister Sergei Marchenko and Deputy Chairman of the National bank of Sergey Nikolaychuk.

«Every day and night it is a constant headache»— Marchenko said.

Tax revenues cover only about 40% of government spending, while military spending exceeds 60%. The government needs about $5 billion a month to cover the remaining costs.

The National Bank has to print money so that the government can pay salaries to soldiers and buy weapons and ammunition, which weakens the hryvnia and fuels inflation. Nikolaychuk would like Western countries to allocate at least about $3 billion a month. The Central Bank demands from the government to raise taxes and cut spending. Marchenko, in turn, believes that “it is better to risk high inflation than not pay the salaries of soldiers.”

In early July, Prime Minister of Ukraine Denys Shmygal reported that the country's monthly spending on the maintenance of the armed forces since the outbreak of hostilities amounted to 130 billion hryvnia ($4.4 billion).

< p> In early August, Kyiv's creditors, which account for about 75% of the bonds, agreed to freeze payments until 2024. This will allow Ukraine to save $5.8 billion, Bloomberg reported. The country's total external debt is $19.6 billion.

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Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has accused the EU of “artificial delay” with the provision of financial assistance to the country for «8 billion and urged not to make ordinary Ukrainians hostages of «indecision or bureaucracy» some EU leaders. At the same time, the Ukrainian leader noted, he believes that “this is still a mistake that will be corrected.”

At the end of June, the EU countries approved the provision of additional financial assistance to Ukraine for €9 billion. However, later the head The Ukrainian Ministry of Finance, in an interview with the Corriere della Sera newspaper, said that some states “are not ready to support Ukraine with such an amount.” The publication, citing sources, wrote that Germany was blocking the aid. The fact is that it provides almost interest-free loans to Kyiv with repayment in 25 years at the expense of its own European debt obligations, and Berlin is the largest guarantor of these Eurobonds. Germany has so far agreed only with the allocation of the first tranche of €1 billion, wrote Corriere della Sera.

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Russia considers its declaration as a sponsor of terrorism in the US as a point of no return

Foreign Ministry: Russia warned the United States about the point of no return when declaring it a sponsor of terrorism Moscow warned Washington that recognizing Russia as a “country sponsor of terrorism” would be a “point of no return,” the Foreign Ministry said. They did not rule out that Russia could lower the level of diplomatic relations with the United States or even break them

Moscow warned Washington that declaring Russia a “country” sponsor of terrorism” will become the “point of no return” in relations between states, said Alexander Darchiev, director of the North American Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, in an interview with TASS.

He described the situation in relations between the countries as “turbulent”, noting that Western states, led by the United States, “trampled international law and absolute taboos in diplomatic practice.” Darchiev mentioned a proposal to declare Moscow a “sponsor of terrorism.” “If it [the initiative] is implemented, it will mean that Washington has crossed the point of no return with the most serious collateral damage to bilateral diplomatic relations,” — warned the head of the Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

He did not rule out that in this case Russia could lower the level of diplomatic relations with the United States or even break them.

p>

Now the list of sponsors of terrorism in the United States includes four countries — Iran, North Korea, Cuba and Syria.

Being on the list means strict restrictions on interaction with this state, a ban on the export of defense goods, control over the export of dual-use products, financial and other restrictions — these measures are included in the list of anti-Russian sanctions. In addition, sanctions are envisaged against other states that maintain trade relations with a sponsor of terrorism.

In late July, the US Senate passed a resolution calling on Secretary of State Anthony Blinken to recognize Russia as a “country”; sponsor of terrorism. Later, Politico reported that Congressmen from the Democratic and Republican parties are going to submit a bill to the House of Representatives. They hope that Congress can give Moscow such a status, bypassing the State Department.

The White House said that they are studying the possibility of classifying Russia as a “country”; sponsors of terrorism. In early August, Democratic and Republican senators Richard Blumenthal and Lindsey Graham called for recognition of Russia as such, regardless of the presence or absence of support from President Joe Biden.

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This week, the Latvian Seimas recognized Russia as a “country”; sponsor of terrorism. Moscow called this decision “another manifestation of Russophobia, which has long become a” tuning fork ” of Latvian foreign policy».

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Unified State Examination will become mandatory in the liberated territories of Ukraine in five years

The USE will become mandatory for schoolchildren in the liberated territories in Ukraine in five years. This was announced on Friday by the head of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation Sergey Kravtsov on the air of the Rossiya-24 TV channel.

According to the minister, a transitional period is currently underway and passing the exam for schoolchildren will be voluntary.

< p>“We discussed for a long time that we are giving a transitional period, that for five years, when the guys can voluntarily choose to pass the state exam, and after five years already introduce the Unified State Exam as a mandatory one,” Kravtsov noted.

At the same time, the head of the department stressed that schools in the liberated territories themselves will be able to choose their educational programs. Two of them involve the study of the Ukrainian language as a native language or as an elective.

Kravtsov also expressed the opinion that the transition period will not take long.

Earlier it was also reported that in the Kherson region for the first time Russian-style certificates were issued in schools.

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2022 Perseid meteor shower

The Perseids are formed as the Earth passes through a plume of dust particles released by comet 109/Swift-Tuttle. 

Under favorable conditions, up to 100 meteors per hour, or 1-2 meteors per minute, can be observed. For better visibility, it is better to observe the meteor shower outside the city or in the mountains, focusing to the northeast.

Falling meteors — in the aif.ru photo feed.

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A QR code will appear on Russian diplomas of secondary vocational education

A special QR code will appear on Russian diplomas of secondary vocational education. This is stated in the order of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation published on the portal of legal information.

It is noted that the QR code will be placed in the lower left corner of the left side of the reverse side of the title form, where there is a white square field 3×3 cm in size. It can be black and white or elements of several different degrees of brightness.

The order will enter into force on March 1 next year.

Now school certificates are marked with QR codes. This should ensure the protection of documents from forgery.

Recall that in in June, an experiment to create digital diplomas and certificates began in Russia.

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Gunzburg: the vaccine from Delta and Omicron was created on the basis of Sputnik V

The vaccine against new variants of the COVID-19 omicron strain is not new, since it was created on the basis of Sputnik V, only the antigenic composition has changed.

About this RIA The news was announced by Alexander Gintsburg, director of the Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology.

He said that the center had produced a vaccine containing the sequence from Delta; and Omikron, which, presumably, should protect well not only against these strains, but also against variant BA.5.

Earlier it was reported that Russia began to produce nozzles for a nasal vaccine against coronavirus.< /p> Rate the material

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The expert told how to avoid stress when returning to work after a vacation

It is better to return to work from vacation in the second half of the week, and start getting used to getting up early on an alarm clock — even while on vacation. These are the basic rules, the observance of which will help to minimize stress during the transition to the working regime.

The researcher of the Laboratory of Occupational Physiology and Preventive Ergonomics of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Research Institute of Occupational Medicine named after Academician N. F. Izmerov” told URA.RU about them. Anna Zakrevskaya.

According to her, the alarm clock should be started a few days before the end of the vacation, gradually shifting the time at which the habit of waking up to the one at which you will need to get up for work.

The same principle can be applied when choosing the day when you need to return to work. If the schedule is 5/2, then going to work in the middle of the week will help to smoothly enter the previous mode.

“And the third — Before the holidays, we set aside time to get away from work tasks. Something similar should be done before returning to work — take stock, look at photos», — Zakrevskaya noted.

Earlier it was reported that more than a third of Russians this year either postponed or completely refused vacation.

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The Ministry of Defense showed the work of attack helicopters Ka-52 on the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showed attacks on strongholds and armored vehicles by Ka-52 helicopters. A video of the work of the helicopter pilots is posted on the Telegram channel of the Russian military department.

Ka-52s fired missiles at the identified fortified points of the Ukrainian military.

“As a result of combat use, the command post, tanks and other armored vehicles of the Armed Forces of Ukraine,” the ministry said in a statement.

Earlier, the Ministry of Defense showed footage of the capture of a stronghold of the Armed Forces of Ukraine by Russian reconnaissance paratroopers.

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Congress moves to impeach attorney general over Trump’s house search

U.S. Rep. Marjorie Taylor Green (R-Georgia) has announced that she has submitted a draft resolution to Congress impeaching Attorney General Merrick Garland over searches of former President Donald Trump's estate. This is reported by The Hill.

The resolution argues that the Attorney General's personal consent to the issuance of a search warrant “represents a blatant attempt to prosecute a political opponent.”

Green also criticized the call of the head of the Ministry of Justice publish documents on investigative actions, calling it an “attempt to intimidate”; Trump, whom she called “President Joseph Biden's political rival.”

GOP members, including Green, have repeatedly accused the Justice Department of prosecuting Trump on political grounds. However, says Hill, the chances that a resolution to impeach Garland will be approved, given that the Democratic Party now has a majority in both houses of Congress. It's also unclear how many Republicans will support Green.

Searches at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate took place on Monday, August 8. According to The Wall Street Journal, 11 sets of classified documents were confiscated from the ex-president, including those marked “top secret”. The Washington Post wrote that FBI agents were interested in documents related to nuclear weapons.

Trump called the search “an un-American, baseless and unnecessary raid” and also said the documents seized from his estate had been declassified. He accused Garland of “the greatest witch hunt in history.” country and refused to testify against himself, taking advantage of the fifth amendment to the Constitution. According to the ex-president, the FBI warned Biden in advance about the searches, which made what happened a “coordinated attack”; this was rejected in the White House.

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Gladkov reported that a teenager was injured while trying to disassemble ammunition

In the village of Krasny Oktyabr in the Belgorod region, a teenager was injured while trying to disassemble the ammunition, Vyacheslav Gladkov, the governor of the region, said in his Telegram.

According to the head of the region, the teenager lost his hand, his face and eye. The teenager is in critical condition and is in intensive care. “As soon as his condition allows, we will send the boy to Moscow,” — added Gladkov.

The governor did not specify what kind of ammunition he was talking about. He urged the residents of the region to watch the children and explain to them “that you should not approach military equipment or the location of military units.”

Red October is in the Belgorod region of the region, it is the administrative center of the Krasnooktyabrsky rural settlement. The village is located about 12km from the border with Ukraine.

After the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine on February 24, regional authorities regularly report cases of shelling of settlements. Since April 11, an increased level of terrorist danger has been introduced in the region, it has been extended until August 22. Schools and kindergartens will be temporarily closed in five districts located in the five-kilometer border zone, and children will be transferred to other institutions.

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The Russian Defense Ministry announced the prisoners who refused to return to Ukraine

The Russian Ministry of Defense claims that several Ukrainian prisoners, including marines and soldiers of the National Guard, refused to return to their homeland “so as not to become cannon fodder”

A Ukrainian prisoner of war in the kitchen of a correctional institution < p>The Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the captured Ukrainian military from the units of the Marine Corps, National Guard, Airborne Assault and Ground Forces “decided to remain in the territory controlled by the Russian Federation because of their unwillingness to fight and the fear of being on the front line again.” The Ukrainians, according to the department, voluntarily laid down their arms and surrendered.

“The prisoners of war refused to be exchanged and do not want to return to Ukraine so as not to become“ cannon fodder ” and perish»,— claim in Moscow.

The Russian Ministry of Defense does not give the number of those who surrendered. On the Telegram channel, the ministry posted a video with a sailor of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Bohdan Malysh, an officer of the military service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Vitaly Derevyankin, a soldier Dmitry Laminoga, senior sergeants Nikita Tsarevich and Vladimir Yuvanko, senior sailor Alexander Zhizhin.

The ministry's message also says that the prisoners are satisfied with the conditions of detention, they are provided with three hot meals a day and the necessary medical care, as well as the opportunity to attend church.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

Since the beginning of the conflict, the Russian authorities have reported on Ukrainian prisoners several times. In particular, on June 7, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that their total number had reached 6.5 thousand people. On May 19, the representative of the Ministry of Defense Igor Konashenkov reported on the largest number of surrendered per day: it was about 771 Azov fighters; (The Supreme Court of Russia recognized the battalion as a terrorist organization and banned its activities in the country).

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The authorities do not disclose the number of Russians who were taken prisoner. Since the beginning of hostilities, Moscow and Kyiv, according to the Russian side, have exchanged prisoners 27 times. The last exchange reported by the Ministry of Defense took place on June 29, it took place in the 144 by 144 format.

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