Investigative Committee of Belarus accused Poles of crimes against humanity

Minsk claims that it was the Polish border guards who used flash-noise grenades. In Poland, Belarusian special services are accused of provocation

The Investigative Committee of Belarus opened a criminal case under Art. 128 of the Criminal Code (a crime against the safety of humanity). As reported by the BelTA agency in its Telegram channel, this is due to the actions of the Polish security forces who tried to prevent the breakthrough of refugees across the state border.

In the message of the Investigative Committee it is said that the investigative-operational group conducted an inspection in the area of ​​the checkpoint Bruzgi in the Grodno region of Belarus. In particular, it was a question of collecting fragments of used flash-noise grenades, as well as grass and soil, on which traces of tear gas remained.

“ A number of expert studies have been assigned to all the seized objects, such as explosive, ballistic, forensic biological, physicochemical and fingerprint. Victims and witnesses are being questioned, video recordings of the use of special means by the Polish side are seized and examined, '', & mdash; declared in Minsk.

Also known as 'brutal' in Belarus described the attempt of the Lithuanian border guards to oust Iraqi citizens from their territory to the area of ​​the city of Smorgon. In particular, the Belarusians accused the Lithuanians of beating people and letting the dogs go.

Another position is held in Poland. Thus, the Sokolka district prosecutor's office (this Polish city is located about 15 km from the border) has launched an investigation into the attack of refugees on police officers and border guards. In particular, we are talking about an incident when migrants started throwing stones at Poles. At the same time, the chief commandant of the police, Yaroslav Shimchik, suggested that among the attackers there were officers of the Belarusian services who were throwing flash-noise grenades.

Poland and Western countries accused Belarus of aggravating the migration crisis. In their opinion, she organized the transfer of refugees from the Middle East to the EU border and uses them for her own political purposes. Minsk rejects these accusations and emphasizes that migrants act on their own initiative. Subscribe to YouTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our YouTube channel



Estonia named Lukashenka’s conditions for ending the migration crisis

The head of the Estonian Foreign Ministry said that during a conversation with Angela Merkel, Lukashenko spoke, among other things, of sanctions to his address

Eva Maria Liimets

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko wants the West to recognize him as the legitimate head of state. This was announced on the air of the Estonian TV channel ERR by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the country Eva Maria Liimets.

Answering a question about Lukashenko's recent telephone conversation with Acting German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Liimets said that the Belarusian president “ wants to lift the sanctions and recognize him as the legitimate head of state. '' According to her, it is precisely these conditions that Lukashenka sets out to end the crisis on the border of Belarus with Lithuania and Poland.

In turn, Liimets expressed the opinion that in the current situation the EU should not only keep the existing sanctions in force, but also introduce new ones. “ It is very important for the EU to show its unity and put pressure on Belarus, '' & mdash; she said.

The conversation between Lukashenko and Merkel took place on November 15. In the message of the agency “ BelTA '' it was said that “ the ways and prospects of solving the migration problem were touched upon in order to prevent an escalation of the situation at the border. ''

After this conversation, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell said that the European Union will not allow any migrant from Belarus to enter their territory.

The situation on the border between Poland and Belarus escalated on November 8, when a group of several thousand migrants approached the border area and tried to break through the barriers several times. Against this background, Poland has strengthened the protection of the border area and threatened to completely close the border with Belarus. The EU accuses Minsk of artificially creating a crisis and threatens to impose sanctions, the Belarusian side claims that the European states are to blame for the current situation.

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The Duma was introduced to the idea of ​​depriving Rashkin of immunity

In accordance with the regulations, the deputies will be able to discuss the request of the Prosecutor General's Office within a week

Valery Rashkin

The State Duma has submitted a submission about depriving the parliamentary immunity of a member of the lower house of parliament from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Valery Rashkin, said Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin, Interfax reports; .

In accordance with the regulations, the commission on mandate issues must study the appeal of the Prosecutor General's Office within a week. According to Volodin, the Council of the Duma will consider it on Wednesday, and the discussion at the plenary session may take place next week – & mdash; November 25. In this case, Rashkin will have the opportunity to speak in the Duma, and the deputies will be able to ask their questions.

RBC sent inquiries to Rashkin himself and to the press service of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.

The case about the killed elk was opened on October 29. In the Saratov region, Okhotnadzor and police officers detained Rashkin, who was driving a Lada Largus car. In the car, they found a butchered moose carcass, which had no permission to kill. Later, the Ministry of Internal Affairs stated that a hunting ticket in the name of Rashkin, a gun with a night vision scope issued in his name, cartridges and a tripod were found at the place of death of the animal.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs opened a criminal case. the case under the article on illegal hunting, later it was transferred to the regional department of the Investigative Committee. In early November, the central office of the Investigative Committee began to investigate.

The deputy himself said that he found the carcass of an elk while walking through the forest, and loaded the remains of the animal into a car to take them to the police. He also said that he refused a medical examination for alcohol, because he feared falsification of the results.

Later, Rashkin said that he had undergone polygraph tests, the results of which confirmed his version. However, according to the Criminal Procedure Code, a polygraph can be a guideline, not evidence.

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The State Duma received a submission to deprive the deputy Rashkin of immunity

Photo: Gennady Cherkasov

The State Duma of the Russian Federation received a proposal from the Prosecutor General to deprive Deputy Valery Rashkin of immunity. This was announced by the speaker of the Duma Vyacheslav Volodin.

“ The State Duma has received a proposal from the Prosecutor General to deprive the immunity of Deputy Valery Rashkin '', “ & ndash; Volodin said.

Earlier, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation called the information that Rashkin could be deprived of his immunity as a throw-in. They said that if the Prosecutor General makes a statement in the State Duma on lifting immunity from Rashkin, it will lead to a scandal.

The current parliamentary immunity does not allow a criminal case to be initiated against Rashkin. He was detained on suspicion of poaching on the night of October 29 in the Saratov region. The carcass of a dead elk was found in his car.



The European Union will send 700 thousand euros to help migrants in Belarus

Photo: Still from video

The EU decided to allocate 700,000 euros for humanitarian aid to migrants on the Polish-Belarusian border. This is stated on the website of the European Commission.

Of this amount, 200 thousand euros will be used to finance the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.

“This immediate EU funding will support the IFRC and its national society, the Belarusian Red Cross, in providing much-needed humanitarian aid, “the message says.

These funds, in particular, will be used to purchase food, hygiene kits, first-aid kits and blankets.

Another 500 thousand euros will be directed to humanitarian funding. Crisis Management Commissioner Janez Lenarcic noted that the European Union will support its humanitarian partners to help migrants.

“I call for constant access of humanitarian organizations from both sides in order to reach this large group of refugees and migrants and provide them with urgent aid, “he stressed.

The European Commission said in a statement that it is ready to provide additional funding in response to clearly formulated humanitarian needs.

Read also: Forbes: Putin's actions in Europe created a threat to the United States



German Foreign Ministry: Putin’s decree on aid to Donbass contradicts the Minsk agreements


The decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin on the provision of humanitarian aid to Donbass is contrary to the Minsk agreements, said the spokesman for the German Foreign Ministry Christopher Burger .

“The decree signed on November 15, which facilitates the import of goods from separatist-controlled areas to Russia and these goods are equated in state purchases with Russian ones, directly contradicts the spirit and letter of the Minsk agreements and contributes to the further split of Donbass.” , – he said at a briefing.

Earlier it was reported that Putin's decree cancels import and export quotas for goods moved from Russia to Donbass and back. Special checkpoints for goods from the self-proclaimed republics will be equipped at the border in the coming month.

The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry said that this was a gross interference in the country's affairs, while the DPR called the decree an important humanitarian step that would help, among other things create new jobs.



Estonia disclosed the terms of Lukashenka’s ultimatum to the West

The President of Belarus allegedly voiced it in a conversation with Merkel

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, during a telephone conversation with the Acting Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, allegedly presented an ultimatum to the collective West in exchange for ending the migration crisis. Its terms were disclosed by Estonian Foreign Minister Eva-Maria Liimets.

Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya

As reported by the ERR portal. ee, referring to the minister, Lukashenko allegedly demanded to be recognized as the legitimate head of Belarus, as well as the lifting of all Western sanctions on the republic.

After the presidential elections in Belarus in August last year, the United States and the EU, we recall, refused to recognize their results.

At the same time, the head of the department called on the EU authorities not to follow Lukashenko's lead and introduce a new package of sanctions against Minsk as soon as possible.

A telephone conversation between Merkel and Lukashenko took place November 15 at the initiative of Berlin. At the same time, the topic of the talks was the migration crisis, which continues on the Belarusian-Polish border. At the same time, Lukashenko said that he “made a proposal to resolve the situation.”

The migration crisis on the border of Belarus and Poland has been going on for a week and a half. Several thousand people from the Middle East have accumulated here, which are trying to get into the European Union. Migrants have repeatedly attempted to force their way into Poland.

Polish border guards respond with tear gas and water cannons. Also, the authorities of the country and neighboring Lithuania introduced a state of emergency in the regions bordering with Belarus.

The European Union threatened Minsk with new tough sanctions, Lukashenka, in response, promised to cut off Russian gas supplies to Europe.



It was found out what scared the Americans of the Russian anti-satellite missile

“Afraid of losing the battle in space”

The US hysterical reaction to the test launch of a Russian anti-satellite missile is caused by the fear of the United States losing its advantage in space. This is the opinion of the Israeli political scientist, ex-head of the Nativ special service Yakov Kedmi.

Photo: Mark Nakoykher.

On November 15, Russian space forces successfully launched an anti-satellite missile, which, as Sergei Shoigu said, hit an old non-working spacecraft with pinpoint accuracy. This caused a nervous reaction in the United States. The State Department and the Pentagon have made relevant statements. Such a reaction indicates that the United States felt a threat to its power in space, Yakov Kedmi said on the YouTube channel Soloviev Live.

He compared the Russian anti-satellite missile launch with the effect that the United States experienced after the announcement of the Russian hypersonic systems Avangard and 'Dagger'.

According to Kedmi, the new Russian missile is capable of destroying the American military mini-shuttle X-37. This secret program has been implemented by the Pentagon for several years. Four such devices were manufactured, each of which can carry weapons and is capable of staying in orbit for more than a year.

Russian anti-satellite weapons are capable of neutralizing the huge advantage of the United States in the field of military space. The US missile defense system is largely built on the space segment & mdash; satellites for strategic reconnaissance and ballistic missile launch detection.

The satellites, according to Kedmi, detect the launch of a rocket, and within 40-50 seconds, this rocket is shot down. “ The detection system itself is critical to the entire defense and attack system. In addition to detection and guidance, it can perform missile guidance functions. War in space is gaining more and more importance '', & ndash; said Kedmi.

In his opinion, “ the struggle for space, for satellites, for the ability to blind satellites, neutralize weapons from outer space are becoming increasingly important. ''

Among the new missiles of Russia Kedmi named the S-500, S-550, the Nudol missile.

“ All this puts the American system, from the X-37 ship to the existing satellites, in a very difficult position, & ndash; said Kedmi. & ndash; … The war will begin first of all in space: to blind and deprive the enemy of the advantage of target detection and targeting & ndash; it's all in space. ''

He listed Russian anti-satellite weapons systems: small in-orbit survey satellites that can shoot down satellites; rockets & laquo; earth & ndash; air & raquo; or “ earth & ndash; space ''; interceptor aircraft MiG-31 with anti-satellite missiles. For these types of weapons, “ the United States today has no answer, even conceptually, '' & ndash; said Kedmi.

“ Russia can today gain (and this is their fear) a strategic advantage in war in space, the same as it has today in the field of hypersound, in the field of missiles that can attack the territory of the United States or military objectives. This worries them. The Americans have a threat that they may start losing the battle in space '', & ndash; said the expert.

According to him, the United States may have more satellites, they may be more advanced in terms of electronics, communications, detection, guidance. But they are not protected and can be destroyed.

“ In this they can lose. They are afraid of this, because whoever loses the war in space will lose the war. It all starts in space. Without satellites, there are no ballistic missiles, there is no ability to counter ballistic missiles, without satellites nothing is clear '', & ndash; concluded Kedmi.

According to him, Russia is building up its advantage in hypersonic missiles, including aviation missiles with a range of 5 thousand kilometers, as well as in underwater, deep war. “ They thought the ocean was protecting them, and the ocean was becoming more and more launching sites for an attack on the United States. The airspace around America is not defended … The ocean is becoming a problem (for the US. & Ndash; “ MK '' ) instead of an advantage, and space too, & ndash; said Kedmi.



Colleagues of the detained “for pedophilia” deputy Samsonov saw politics in the case

A member of the Primorsky Territory Legislative Assembly from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation was taken with the SOBR at a gas station

“A deputy from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation was detained on suspicion of pedophilia” – hot news with such headlines spread across the websites. The car of the deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Primorsky Territory Artyom Samsonov, in which he was traveling with his wife Olga, was detained at a gas station. And they took them harshly – with SOBR. Then there was a long search in the apartment. The last accusation against this background sounds like this: “Demonstrated an intimate object to an 11-year-old child and talked about its purpose” …

Photo: Still from video

The investigator demonstrated the statement of citizen Safronova to the public figures who ran to the deputy's apartment, Samsonov's colleagues in the Legislative Assembly and the lawyer, in which she described how 3 years ago, in 2018, at a recreation center on Shamora, the deputy allegedly showed a teenage boy a certain subject of an intimate purpose, explaining, why is it needed. Also, according to Safronova, Samsonov allegedly agitated her to “join the movement” of Alexei Navalny, danced drunk on the beach in the presence of children “completely naked”, could molest a 14-year-old child and, in general, may be involved in LGBT people.

With such a set of accusations, it’s not even very clear what exactly the investigators were looking for in the deputy’s apartment – documents on the connection with Navalny, an intimate object, or a photo of dancing on the beach. By the way, a little later the photos appeared on the Web. They were posted on the Telegram channel by a certain Sergei Karnaukhov. In the photo from the beach, six naked men are lined up in a row that looks like a “pioneer lineup” on a nude beach. But for nudism, we have not yet been tried. There are also photographs from violent libations: bottles, glasses …

Towards evening, the investigators reported that the injured teenager had been interviewed using a lie detector. And child psychologists found that the boy was not inclined to fantasize. At the same time, it is not reported what the teenager told about. In addition, according to the investigation, three witnesses were questioned. But it is not explained exactly what the witnesses were.

Samsonov's supporters and relatives explain the detention as a “political order”. Say, the fact is that Samsonov is a well-known infiltrator fighter in Primorye. And during the last election campaign, he drank a lot of blood from the local authorities, organizing pickets and even a hunger strike “for fair elections”, and then bombarded the electoral commission with complaints of violations.

Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Primorsky Territory from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Natalya Kochugova commented on the detention of Samsonov to a local newspaper: “He is not a pervert. He has a wife, he has a son. He has no such inclinations. ”

According to the lawyer of the Primorsky branch of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Nikolai Mikhalchenko,“ there is a tent camp on the coastal strip of Shamora, Samsonov rested there, and he began a personal hostile relationship with one of the camp participants … And she, apparently, decided to file a complaint with the police. ”

The final charge against the deputy Samsonov has not yet been formulated. The investigation continues to investigate the situation.

The Investigative Committee showed the arrest of the deputy Samsonov, accused of pedophilia

Watch the video on the topic



The Russian who asked Biden was able to get to the USA

A man asked to be admitted to America for permanent residence

Alexey Semyonov, a native of Ulan-Ude, who had previously turned to US President Joe Biden with a request to grant him a residence permit, ended up in the United States. States. Vostok-Teleinform writes about this.

Photo: AP

Semenov recorded a video message to the head of the White House in June and said that the coronavirus pandemic hit his business: he had to close the auto repair shop.

He also suffered a serious illness, as a result of which he had gangrene cut out. The Russians urged Biden, as an exception, to provide him and his family with a residence permit in order to legally enter the United States.

The US President did not respond to the request – then the Russian decided to get to America on his own.

First, the man flew to Moscow, and from there he got to Mexico. After that, he and his family reached the Mexican-American border, where he asked for political asylum in the United States.

The Russians spent a day in an immigration prison, and on November 16 they received documents stating that they could be in the country for legally.

Semenov also added that in the next few days he will be quarantined at the hotel with family members. Then they intend to move to Sacramento. There, the Russian plans to get a job in a car repair shop.



The pain does not go away: what is happening now in Nagorno-Karabakh

Life goes on, post-traumatic syndrome remains

A year has passed since the last war for Karabakh ended. The rest of Artsakh is now protected by Russian peacekeepers, and the Armenian army is not enough even to fully defend its country. This week the situation between the republic and Azerbaijan has worsened again. At the same time, the republic has not yet recovered from the consequences of the last war: tens of thousands of people are experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder. And the authorities are unable to explain to their fellow citizens what future awaits them, because they themselves do not know.

Photo: AP

Armenia has changed a lot during the year. This is especially noticeable in the number of masks on people's faces. If earlier in Yerevan almost no one thought about protection from coronavirus, today some wear masks even on the street. The fact is that during the pandemic, the virus killed over 7 thousand residents of Armenia, and during the war with Azerbaijan, the republic lost about 3.8 thousand people. These are huge numbers for a country with a population of 2-3 million.

But the economic crisis in Armenia is not felt as strongly as one might expect against the background of the lost war and the pandemic. Moreover, business is optimistic about the future: Russia and Western countries have allocated billions of dollars in investments to the republic. One billion euros will be spent on the North-South road, which will have to connect Armenia with India and China. The south of Armenia, which has found itself in the center of the regional conflict, is planned to be turned into a large trade hub. True, for this, you first need to unblock communications with Azerbaijan.

The optimism of business does not yet correspond to the mood in society. Many complain about the helplessness of the Armenian authorities in the border conflicts with Azerbaijan. They say that even some veterans of the Karabakh war who have become volunteers now want their children to leave their homeland when they grow up. & Nbsp;

Against this background, the authorities tried to ignore the anniversary of the end of the war, reducing it to formal procedures so as not to heat up passions once again. It is noteworthy that Nikol Pashinyan never even once traveled to Karabakh for a year. Some believe that this is due to his fear of the locals. Others suspect that Pashinyan is not going to Stepanakert, because Azerbaijan is against it, & ndash; and this makes people even more angry. & nbsp;

The road to Artsakh

At the entrance to Karabakh, you will first be greeted by a billboard with a portrait of Russian President Vladimir Putin, then by an Armenian military post, and then by a post of Russian peacekeepers. Behind them begins the Lachin corridor, which is essentially a 'gray zone'. In theory, civilians should not live there, but they are there. About 100 people live on the territory of the corridor, most of whom are located in the village of Ahavno near the border with Armenia.

After the end of the second Karabakh war, a mass exodus of Armenians, who feared a possible genocide, began from the Lachin corridor. The exception was five families of Armenian refugees from Syria, who considered that they had had enough resettlement. Later, admiring the example of the neighbors, several more people returned to their homes. The main source of income for them is & ndash; this is the service of the Russian peacekeepers stationed in Lachin. There is a school for their children, taught by teachers from Stepanakert, and on weekends they are said to go to a church located in the same area, but outside the Lachin corridor. Azerbaijanis do not attack them.

Where the Lachin corridor ends & nbsp; and Artsakh (Karabakh) begins is impossible to immediately understand. It may even seem that Azerbaijan does not claim these places at all, but when you reach Shushi, all illusions dissipate.

The fork in Shushi – Stepanakert is divided by a fence, on one side of which there are Russian peacekeepers, on the other – Azerbaijani military. The first ones look at those passing to the capital of Artsakh very focused and a little nervous, but they can be understood: the Russians are the only ones who keep the region on the brink of a new war. & Nbsp; Azerbaijani soldiers look at those passing to Stepanakert rather hostilely.

Against the background of this silent confrontation, an unprecedented large-scale construction project is unfolding in Karabakh. The peacekeepers installed lighting and bumpers in the Lachin corridor (for some reason, the Artsakh people did not think of doing this for 25 years). The Armenians are building an alternate route for the corridor, erecting houses for refugees on the outskirts of Stepanakert and in its suburbs. Azerbaijanis are digging tunnels, laying routes, erecting modern strongholds. Both have great views on these lands.

A poster with Putin on the way to Nagorno-Karabakh. Photo: Artur Avakov

From love to suspicion

If you ask a resident of Stepanakert what he thinks about the peacekeepers, he will, without a shadow of a doubt, first of all tell about his gratitude to them for ending the war, which, from his point of view, could well have ended with another Armenian genocide. However, this is only the first thing that comes to his mind. Dig a little deeper, and everything is not so simple there.

For the past 25 years, Armenians have been convinced that there can be no new Karabakh war, because if it starts, the Kremlin will press a magic button and Azerbaijan will stop. For this reason, the concentration of patriots of Russia and personally of President Vladimir Putin in Stepanakert was higher than anywhere else. But the war has begun & ndash; and ended sadly for Armenia. Russia assumed the role of a mediator and sent peacekeepers to Karabakh.

But even after that, many wanted to see the peacekeepers as their defenders, not mediators. Reality here too has deceived their expectations. A peacekeeper cannot use weapons in cases where he is not in danger. In the year since the end of the Karabakh war, they have never been attacked, so they never fired. But the Armenians were less fortunate.

In early October, 55-year-old tractor driver Aram Tepnants asked the peacekeepers to accompany him during the harvest. The Russian military got into the tractor with him, and they went to the field. This did not bother the Azerbaijani sniper, and he killed the worker.

In early November, four Armenians were repairing a pipeline through which water was supposed to flow to the peacekeepers. It was several tens of meters from their post. Suddenly, an Azerbaijani soldier came down to the workers from the mountain, who began to swear at first in Azerbaijani, and then switched to Russian. The Armenians did not understand what was the matter, but the brawler took out a pistol and started shooting: he killed 22-year-old Martik Yeremyan and wounded three more of his “ enemies ''. The peacekeepers did not detain the attacker. But a few days later, a friend of the murdered man threw a grenade at the Azerbaijani military at a turn in Shushi, with which he wounded three. The peacekeepers caught the avenger and handed him over to his compatriots, who immediately dubbed him a hero.

One can often hear from the residents of Stepanakert that two thousand peacekeepers are not enough to ensure the complete security of Artsakh. However, even if there are 20 thousand of them, and they stand at every house in the self-proclaimed republic, this is unlikely to change anything, given their status and powers. The presence of peacekeepers can help stop a major war, but individual excesses will continue until the Armenians and Azerbaijanis learn to live in peace.

At the same time, peacekeepers do not lie when they say that they are out of politics. Those of them who agreed to speak to the MK correspondent believe that the main thing for them is that no one is shooting now. And the rest should be dealt with by politicians. But from their point of view, the side of the conflict that does not engage in provocations evokes more sympathy.

The Armenian Foreign Ministry is satisfied with the actions of the Russian peacekeepers, but would like to improve their working conditions. Yerevan is now thinking about installing a video surveillance system around the entire perimeter of Artsakh. With the help of video cameras, it will be possible to quickly identify the culprit of the provocation and the cause of the escalation of the conflict. In addition, you need to make sure that no one has the physical ability to go down the mountain, shoot people, and then calmly return to their original position.

Wounded city

A year after the war in Stepanakert, nothing seems to remind that this war took place at all. Children run along the streets of the capital of Artsakh, play weddings, bars, shops, hotels and banks work. There is lighting and running water, although today there is a tense situation with them. The republic has lost most of its own power generation and all sources of rivers.

It seems that there are significantly more people in Stepanakert than in 2019. There are even traffic jams in the city. According to official data, before the war, about 50 thousand people lived in the capital of Karabakh, but now there are at least 60 thousand of them. The increase was provided by refugees from the regions that went to Azerbaijan. But in general, the population of Karabakh has decreased by about 25 thousand people & ndash; 90-100 thousand.

A festive concert of the peacekeepers at the Stepanakert airport. Photo: Artur Avakov

Locals say that during the war marauders first appeared in their city, but now crime has returned to almost zero level. It has been empirically proven that if you accidentally lose your passport on the other side of the city, they will try to find you and return the document without demanding anything in return.

Nevertheless, behind everyone's smiles, pain is hidden, which spills out after the first glass of intoxicating. The men of Artsakh were forbidden to leave the republic during the war, and now the war haunts each of them. For example, 28-year-old Alexander told the MK correspondent that he spent 25 days out of 44 in the defense of Hadrut. The guy lost his childhood friend there and almost found himself surrounded. But he fought back his positions to the last. He still dreams of war and sees the arrival of artillery shells.

He will marry soon, but does not know how to raise children in Stepanakert. Alexander's future father-in-law admits that before the war he never closed the door to his house, and now he does it because he is afraid that Azerbaijanis will come to him. Peacekeepers cannot provide protection to every home, there is no hope for their own authorities, the future, to put it mildly, is in a fog.

If the current situation persists for 5-10 years, Alexander intends to leave his land. If Azerbaijanis come, he will not stay here all the more. But the 28-year-old veteran does not want to move to Yerevan either: it is a foreign city for him, despite the fact that there are many of his friends there. And not only he thinks so. The majority say that they stay with their children in Artsakh only out of despair: there is no money to move.

And in Stepanakert, they sincerely dislike Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan. He is considered a traitor who disgraced the Armenians. & Nbsp; After the Karabakh war, some cannot even call Armenia their homeland. Because, in their opinion, the homeland cannot behave like that.

To a large extent, such positions are dictated by PTSD. Moreover, for a year the residents of Artsakh have not been able to receive professional psychological assistance, which they obviously need. International organizations are ready to join in solving the problem, but there is a nuance: from the point of view of international law, Artsakh & ndash; this is Azerbaijan, which means that international organizations should enter Stepanakert from the Azerbaijani side. At the current stage of Armenian-Azerbaijani relations, the Artsakh people will not accept such assistance.

Icon rescued from the temple in Shushi. Photo: Artur Avakov

Between Russia and Armenia

The authorities of Nagorno-Karabakh are not abandoning their attempts to convince the ruling elite of Russia of the indispensability of Artsakh for Moscow. Local politicians regularly stress that their republic is the last stronghold of Russia in the South Caucasus, which is holding back the advance of NATO troops and the Turkic world. At the same time, they diligently ignore Putin's words that for him the Azerbaijani and Armenian peoples are equally close, just each in its own way.

The head of the Caucasus Institute, Alexander Iskandaryan, notes that Azerbaijan has been preparing for the Second Karabakh War since the 1990s and in 2020, in a month and a half, it almost solved its task: to regain the territories cleared of Armenians. But almost does not count & nbsp; & ndash; now a new system of relations is being formed in the region.

One status quo in the South Caucasus has been destroyed, and the second has not yet taken shape, Iskandaryan believes. With this he connects the haste of Azerbaijan, which seeks to have time to maximize its advantage, because then there will be no such opportunity.

Alexander Markarov, head of the Armenian branch of the Institute of CIS Countries, agrees with his colleague and emphasizes that if Artsakh wants to become strong, it will need a strong ally. “ There are two options: either a strong Armenia or a strong Russia. Now Armenia cannot even solve its own security problems, & ndash; emphasizes Markarov. & ndash; Russia remains, but Artsakh has problems with subjectivity (an unrecognized republic), so Moscow does not conduct public direct negotiations with it & nbsp; & ndash; only through Yerevan. ''

Speaking about Karabakh, Armenian experts cannot ignore Turkey. According to them, Ankara, having taken a direct part in the 44-day war, could not fully realize its plans: it did not become the co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, could not deploy its peacekeepers in Karabakh … Nevertheless & nbsp; Turkey remains a loyal ally of Azerbaijan, and Armenia has no such ally.

Moscow's views on the South Caucasus differ from what Yerevan wants, MK said. Iskandaryan. “ Moscow wants a normal border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, but it does not care how and where it will pass. She wants to open roads in the South Caucasus, but she is not concerned about the safety of Armenian goods and carriers, while Azerbaijan only needs a railway to Nakhichevan '', & ndash; says the political scientist.

With the peacekeepers, from his point of view, the situation is more difficult. They stopped ethnic cleansing in Artsakh, but their main task is to ensure the presence of Russia in the South Caucasus. And this is possible only & nbsp; as long as there are Armenians here.



Belarus was offered a solution to the migration crisis at the border

Political scientists disagreed on the fate of the refugees

For more than a week, thousands of migrants remain at the Belarusian-Polish border, trying to enter Poland. Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko says that he would be happy to send all illegal immigrants back to the countries of the Middle East, but, they say, they do not want that. So far, there are three options for the development of events: migrants will return back to the countries of origin, they will be taken away by the authorities of Germany or other EU countries, or they will remain in Minsk. MK talked about this with political scientists.

Photo: AP

It seemed that the call to the acting was supposed to help in resolving the crisis. German Chancellor Angela Merkel to Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. But, according to the latter, it is not so easy. Migrants are not going to leave their positions, despite the difficult conditions. With the onset of cold weather, only about 200 people agreed to return home. To evacuate these citizens, the Iraqi Foreign Ministry will send a plane to Belarus on November 18. Of course, compared to the total number of people, these figures are a drop in the ocean.

On Tuesday, migrants made an organized attempt to break through the border, but the Polish authorities used water cannons and sprayed tear gas. It would be life-threatening to remain in damp clothes in mid-November on the street, so the Belarusian authorities offered people to stay in a logistics center near the checkpoint. Only 850 people out of 1200 accepted the offer. The rest remained in the spontaneous camp and continued their attempts to get into Poland, albeit unsuccessfully. Until now, the main question remains: where will these people eventually go?

In a conversation with MK, Belarusian experts agreed that the path to Europe for illegal immigrants is closed. And this despite the fact that the Munich authorities asked for permission from the federal government to host them. The point is that Europe will not create a dangerous precedent when migrants can, bypassing legal means, go to storm and receive political asylum.

“As soon as all these people are no longer needed by Lukashenka, they will be loaded onto airplanes and sent back. Nobody will be interested in the opinion of migrants. In any case, Lukashenka will have to somehow solve it. How long can you turn Belarus into a transit camp for refugees? As for Europe, there is a clear position that these people can apply for political asylum, but only through official checkpoints and embassies, and not at the border. It is clear that if Europe allows to cross the border in this way, it will create a bad precedent that this can be done, “political analyst Vadim Mozheiko told MK.

On the other hand, the editor-in-chief of Baltnews, Andrei Starikov, believes that migrants will not return to their countries of origin under any pretext. “The most working scenario is for Germany, which has already acted as a mediator in the negotiations, to accept this small number of refugees on its territory. Berlin's task is to take some pressure to take a negotiating mandate from the Poles and, with the help of Moscow's mediation, agree that Poland would create a transit corridor to Germany. There, they will be manipulated in accordance with European standards to verify their status and grant political asylum. For its part, Belarus is closing air flights to the countries of origin of these migrants, which is already beginning to take shape. This is the only roadmap that, given the will of Berlin and Moscow, will help to resolve the situation, “Starikov said.

In his opinion, such a development of events may occur before the beginning of the new year. He is sure that people will not return to their homeland, because they fled the war, and there their lives could be in danger. But they will not stay in Minsk either. The legislation of Belarus allows them to stay on the territory of the state for only 30 days. But this rule does not work in the neutral zone, which means that migrants will be able to demand from Poland and Lithuania to let them into their territory for a long time.



Ilham Aliyev’s big game: Armenia tasted by the teeth

An attempt to swallow is yet to come

A wizard in a blue helicopter will fly to us and show a movie for free – and also immediately stop hostilities. This is roughly how the external outline of the next “exacerbation of international friendship” between Azerbaijan and Armenia looks like. Forgetting about last year's truce, the two former fraternal Soviet republics again began to enthusiastically mutuz each other, then a strict but just mediator appeared in the person of Russia, and peace and quiet was established in the region … The inner meaning of what happened, as usually happens, is much more complicated .


Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, who now has a multiple military advantage, did not plan to start new protracted hostilities with his defeated adversary. What happened is & mdash; this is just an educational measure on the part of Baku, “ prevention by action '' to the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan. Like, come on, dear, stop being naughty and return to duty!

And the Armenian leader is such a transparent 'hint' understood very well. The Armenian defense minister, who made a visit to Nagorno-Karabakh, which caused irritation in Baku, fell out of office like a swallow. And Pashinyan himself, who recently refused another round of negotiations with Aliyev mediated by Putin, sanctioned the resumption of dialogue with Azerbaijan & mdash; albeit at the lower level of the secretaries of the security councils of the two countries for now.

Speaking at the UN Security Council, the plenipotentiary of Azerbaijan to the 'world parliament' Yashar Aliyev said that the goal of official Baku is “ reconciliation and peaceful coexistence '' with Armenia, and that there is no alternative to normalizing relations between the two countries. Given the “ warm feelings of friendship '' that the citizens of both states continue to harbor towards each other, such rhetoric may seem like a senseless concussion. But let's not be unfair to the Aliyevs (and to the president and his plenipotentiary). Official Baku really wants “ normalization with Armenia. '' Everything depends only on the specific conditions of this “ normalization ''. A military victory over its traditional enemy is not enough for Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev wants to turn this enemy into an obedient one who has lost all his former ambitions, psychologically broken and uncomplaining junior partner.

The key element of such a strategy is the transformation of Armenia into a transit territory comfortable for official Baku. Due to the peculiarities of the geographical location, the two countries are known to block each other. Armenia & mdash; it is a 'natural obstacle' between the main part of the territory of Azerbaijan and the autonomous republic of Nakhichevan, which is part of it.

The blockade of direct air communication between the two parts of Azerbaijan through the territory of Armenia has already been broken. Now Baku wants to achieve the same in practice for the land route: it requires de facto extraterritoriality for this corridor. This word from diplomatic jargon means that formally this section of the road network will remain the territory of Armenia, but in reality it will be fueled by Azerbaijani forces.

From the point of view of Baku, this demand is moderate and reasonable. Like, how else can you ensure the safety of passengers and cargo! However, Yerevan, having given its theoretical consent to the creation of a transit corridor, perceives the demand for extraterritoriality as humiliation and outrage against its sovereignty. The indignation of Armenia is aggravated by the fact that, demanding ideal conditions for its transit, Azerbaijan does not want to create similar conditions for the transit of a “ partner country ''.

In the new geographic reality, which was formed as a result of last year's war, the Syunik region of Armenia has lost trouble-free transport links with the main part of the country. One newly renovated road & mdash; solid mountain serpentine. And the second partly passes through the territory of Azerbaijan. Now, no “ extraterritoriality '' Armenia is not offered here. Official Baku insists on the appearance of full-fledged customs posts on its sections of the route.

The description of these contradictions may seem overly detailed and even technical. But behind these 'technical details' the general picture is hidden. Azerbaijan acts on the principle of 'woe to the vanquished' and in various ways makes Armenia come to terms with the new structure of the region, in which it is assigned the role of an economic satellite and an element of the transport infrastructure of the alliance of Baku and Ankara. Agreeing in theory with what is de facto terms of surrender, Prime Minister Pashinyan periodically kicks up in practice. One of these explosions has happened now & mdash; happened and immediately ran into an armored fist of Baku.

Will this teach Pashinyan anything? Not sure. Prime Minister of Armenia & mdash; in a sense, this is a completely unique politician. What he does on the domestic political front is like magic. I expected him to fall as a result of the lost war. Did not happen. I expected him to lose the parliamentary elections. Didn't happen again & mdash; as well as a serious attempt by the opposition not to recognize his victory.

However, in foreign policy, Pashinyan marches from one disaster to another. For example, the loss of a very significant settlement of Shushi during the war last year & mdash; it is his personal 'achievement'. Under pressure from Russia, Azerbaijan agreed to stop its offensive even when this city was still under Armenian control. But, as they say in Moscow, Pashinyan then got into a pose and came to his senses only when the Azerbaijani army advanced even further.

Having refused this month from the planned video summit with Aliyev and Putin, he again took a pose & mdash; and again achieved a similar result. The President of Azerbaijan is playing cat and mouse with his Armenian counterpart. Depending on the development of the situation, the suffocating grip either increases or decreases.

At the same time, Ilham Aliyev remembers that the military defeat of Azerbaijan in the early 90s of the last century was largely the result of direct military support to Armenia from Moscow. The President of Azerbaijan behaves firmly towards Russia, but at the same time respectfully. In contrast, Pashinyan and his team rush about all the time. Official Yerevan either in hysterical tones calls on Moscow for help, then arrogantly declares that besides Russia there are others who want to help Armenia in the person of, for example, the West. As a result, Aliyev is constantly winning.



Russia was given advice on how to respond to the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan

“Moscow does not want to enter into conflict with the strengthening Turkic Union”

The situation on the southeastern borders of Armenia, where hostilities between Armenians and Azerbaijanis unfolded the day before, remains tense, the Secretary General said CSTO Stanislav Zas. Earlier, Yerevan orally called on Russia for help under the 1997 Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov said that Moscow will continue to act as a mediator in the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict.

Azerbaijani soldiers with portraits of those killed during the 2020 war. Photo: AP

The escalation of the conflict in the Syunik region of Armenia began on November 13-14. In Yerevan, they believe that the Azerbaijani authorities, taking advantage of the fact that there is no official border between the two countries, once again decided to push their borders deep into the Armenian territories. In total, the Azerbaijanis advanced about two kilometers and captured 4 Armenian strongholds. As a result, & nbsp; local residents have nowhere to graze their livestock.

In Baku they assure that there was no offensive at all. On the contrary, it was the Armenian army that fired at peace-loving Azerbaijan for several days, which in the end & nbsp; could not stand it and decided to give the aggressor an adequate answer.

Russia, which is both a military-political ally of Armenia and a mediator in the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, decided to refrain from assessing who was the first to start. On the evening of November 16, the RF Ministry of Defense reported that Minister Sergei Shoigu had convinced his colleagues in Armenia and Azerbaijan to stop provocations on the border. However, similar statements were made by representatives of the United States and EU countries.

Be that as it may, during the hostilities 13 Armenian soldiers were captured, 1 soldier was killed, another 24 disappeared (according to rumors, their corpses may lie in the gray zone). In Yerevan, they say that they were able to destroy 4 armored personnel carriers, 1 Israeli-made Sandcat armored vehicle, 5 military vehicles KamAZ, Ural, UAZ. Azerbaijanis recognize 7 killed and 10 wounded from their side.

The battles were fought for the dominant heights in the area of ​​the highway Yerevan & ndash; Goris & ndash; this is the only way from Armenia to Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh Republic). In particular, the shells exploded 5 kilometers from the Armenian village of Ishkhanasartsy. In the same area, there is a base of Russian peacekeepers, which they need to rotate their contingent in Nagorno-Karabakh. In this regard, some believe that Azerbaijanis are close to taking control of the last artery connecting Stepanakert with Yerevan. After that, they will be able to close the lid of the Karabakh cauldron at any moment, in which not only Armenians, but also peacekeepers will find themselves. Moreover, it will be possible to help them only from space.

It is worth noting that the Azerbaijanis had their strongholds at the dominant heights in the area of ​​the Yerevan – Goris highway until November 16. For this reason, high earthen ramparts stretch along the road, which are designed to prevent Azerbaijani snipers from shooting at passing cars.

Fighting clashes on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border have been going on since May 2021. Azerbaijan seeks to take control of all the dominant heights, water sources, pastures, mines. Promotion is carried out in those places where until November 2020 Armenia bordered with Artsakh. Yerevan emphasizes that the Azerbaijanis have already seized over 40 square kilometers of their republic.

Armenia and Azerbaijan do not have approved borders with each other, but until the last Karabakh war, Yerevan did not worry about this and did not even build any fortifications there. Why, if just behind the mountain & ndash; “ second Armenian state ''? Now a strategic enemy is located there. And this adversary has cards (possibly fake) depicting borders that make the hair of Armenians stand on end.

Azerbaijan offers Yerevan to sit down at the negotiating table and jointly decide who will get which part of the disputed territory. Everything is very peaceful and diplomatic. There is only one nuance: first, Armenia must recognize the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, which means Artsakh's refusal to fight for independence.

Interviewed by MK; experts believe that a full-fledged war between Armenia and Azerbaijan is hardly possible in the foreseeable future, but & nbsp; Yerevan still has nothing to rejoice at.

“ There will be no global war, because there is a presence of Russian peacekeepers and an agreement between Russia and Armenia on mutual assistance. In these conditions, any military action is associated with a high risk of involving Russians in them. It is too dangerous for Azerbaijan. If we look at the events of November 16, we will see that it was the factor of Russian mediation that played a decisive role in stopping the shooting '', & ndash; said “ MK '' political scientist Alexey Makarkin .

Nevertheless, in his opinion, local hostilities will periodically arise, because Baku seeks to improve its position on the border with Armenia, which is essentially a front line. “ The peacekeeping mission was sent to Nagorno-Karabakh for 5 years. In fact, & nbsp; is a very short period, which has already expired by 20%. In 4 years the question will arise: whether to extend the stay of the peacekeepers or not. By this time, Baku wants to strengthen its negotiating positions as much as possible. The maximum program can be the creation of a military foothold for a further offensive, which can begin at the moment when the period of stay of the peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh expires. Accordingly, the closer to this day, the more active Azerbaijan will be. '' by. In his opinion, this was seen in the example of the 44-day war and the events that unfolded after it. “ One side of the 2020 war believes that it has received less benefits from its victory. Accordingly, she has a choice: either endlessly insist on the diplomatic path, or use her superiority in force. Yerevan asks Moscow to intervene, but Russia absolutely does not want to enter into conflict with the strengthening Turkic Union, in which, along with Azerbaijan and Turkey, there are two CSTO members & ndash; Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. This means that Armenia will still have to make economic, political and infrastructural concessions in negotiations with Azerbaijan '', & ndash; said “ MK '' political scientist Arkady Dubnov.



Germany’s new Chancellor gets a heavy legacy

German parties argue about ecology, finance and the pandemic

Political life in Germany, according to local media reports, is becoming more tense amid the formation of a new government and the imminent departure of Angela Merkel. The German press accused the acting chancellor of creating a “shadow department” to further influence the country's politics. And the Social Democrats, who showed the best results in the elections, do not lose hope of forming a ruling coalition with the Greens and the Free Democratic Party by the end of the year.

Photo: AP

The first is about the future political ambitions of Angela Merkel, who is officially no longer the head of government, but acting chancellor, Spiegel said. According to him, at least nine people will work in Merkel's bureau after she finally leaves office. By itself, this institution, which plays the role of an advisory body, is not new, but it is constantly criticized from various angles. Now the object of claims has become precisely the estimated number of office employees & mdash; previously it did not exceed five people. And the maintenance of the ex-chancellor's assistants will fall on the shoulders of taxpayers. At the same time, the base salary of the head of the bureau and his deputy, according to the letter from the Federal Ministry of Finance, will amount to 10,412 euros. In this regard, Merkel's opponents have already suggested that her build-up of forces is connected with the desire to become a “ gray eminence. ''

However, even if we leave aside rumors about Merkel's plans, problems for the political leadership of Germany are not diminishing. On the agenda & mdash; the creation of a coalition government and the further fight against coronavirus, which so far is not proceeding as smoothly as the authorities would like.

Recently there were reports that three parties (Social Democrats, Greens and Free Democrats) have begun the final stage of negotiations on the ruling coalition, which is called the traffic light. ('red' SPD, 'yellow' FDP and 'green').

Despite the controversy, it is expected that the coalition deal will be agreed by the end of November, and in the first half of December, the social democratic leader Olaf Scholz will be elected as the new chancellor of Germany. He will have to lead the fight against the next waves of coronavirus and the inevitable socio-economic consequences.

Meanwhile, Scholz said back in 2020 that the epidemic would accompany Germany for at least two years. Therefore, few people indulge in hopes of an early exit from the epidemiological crisis.

& mdash; Some blame the government, but most Germans realize that the disease is spreading everywhere, & mdash; noted in a conversation with MK Bremen resident Clemens Byrne. & mdash; Vaccines are indeed popular, but there are more questions about their effectiveness than Merkel or anyone else. I think only new restrictions can improve the situation. They were introduced in Austria, why not us too?

As our interlocutor admits, measures like the Austrian ones could add points to the future German government. As for the attitude of the Germans towards Olaf Scholz, on the one hand, there is some fatigue from Merkel (as many experts say), but there is also a cautious attitude towards her successor. “ Now it is important for people that the government is finally formed and takes concrete measures to combat the epidemic. After that, it will be possible to talk about some kind of attitude towards the new Chancellor '', & mdash; Byrne concludes.

At the same time, as he noted in an interview with MK Vladislav Belov, head of the Center for German Studies at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences are unfounded.

“This prospect is unrealistic,” the expert considers. & mdash; Angela Merkel made it clear that she was leaving politics. If we talk about the contradictions among the parties that have to form a coalition, then they are spelled out in their programs. Basically, these are climate issues and the problem of funding sources for their solution.

Nevertheless & nbsp; already on Friday, November 19, a draft coalition agreement should be agreed, which the parties will have to approve in the first decade of December in order to form a government. There is no one hundred percent guarantee, the party leaders themselves do not comment on what is happening, but in general, they are all interested in the early creation of a new cabinet, for which they are ready to sacrifice some of their guidelines.

This will not bring any changes for Russia: each party has a marked “ ; red lines & raquo; in this direction. The Greens, as you know, oppose Nord Stream 2 and, obviously, will prescribe in a joint statement the provisions reflected in the agreement between Germany and the United States of July 21: the pipeline will be viewed from the point of view of Moscow's allegedly aggressive actions. If any are fixed, the project may be suspended. “

As experts note, Olaf Scholz & ndash; a pragmatic politician ready to build a constructive dialogue with Russia, especially in the field of business. However, it should be remembered that the SPD partners in the future coalition & ndash; especially the greens & ndash; a very negative attitude towards Moscow, which complicates the future of bilateral relations.