By the end of the year, the Ministry of Defense will hand over to the Black Sea Fleet (Black Sea Fleet) a patrol ship of Project 22160 Sergei Kotov, the so-called transformer ship. Experts note that it is & nbsp; necessary to escort NATO ships entering the Black Sea, whose visits to & nbsp; have recently become more frequent. Its permanent base will be Novorossiysk.
In the & nbsp; case of the outbreak of hostilities, the ships of this project will participate in & nbsp; operations for the & nbsp; defense of the coast and & nbsp; seaside bases. Their & nbsp; can be used to escort groups of ships and & nbsp; ships, and & nbsp; also during search and rescue and anti-piracy operations.
The ship is capable of speeds up to & nbsp; 25 & nbsp; knots, the & nbsp; crew includes about 80 & nbsp; people … The patrol ship of project 22160 has a displacement (standard) of 1500 & nbsp; tons. Its length (maximum) is 94.1 & nbsp; meters. Swimming autonomy & nbsp; & mdash; 60 & nbsp; days.
Sergey Kotov armed with a 76mm artillery mount, grenade launchers and & nbsp; Kord machine guns. There is a possibility of basing on it the Ka-27PS helicopter, which weighs 12 tons. The ship is adapted and & nbsp; for the use of underwater and & nbsp; air drones. Thanks to this, he & nbsp; becomes an ideal scout: crews can track the surface and & nbsp; underwater situation in & nbsp; a radius of hundreds of kilometers in real time. Also, the ship is equipped with radio and & nbsp; hydroacoustic weapons and & nbsp; electronic countermeasures.
Modular scheme, according to & nbsp; which the ship is built, makes it possible to install weapons or equipment on it for solving a specific combat mission. It is mounted on & nbsp; 40-foot containers, after which it is delivered to & nbsp; board.
Project 22160 was developed by specialists from the Northern Design Bureau. The ship was laid down on 8 & nbsp; May 2016 & nbsp; year.
At & nbsp; end of October, Sergei Kotov first time went to the sea to undergo factory sea trials. The exit to the & nbsp; water area of the Black Sea took place from the & nbsp; military harbor of the Novorossiysk naval base.
All ships of project 22160 were built to serve on the & nbsp; Black Sea, but & nbsp; they can operate not only in & nbsp; warm latitudes. In & nbsp; last year, Vasily Bykov passed tests in the & nbsp; Arctic. According to the & nbsp; results of the events, it was concluded that the ships of the project can be used in the & nbsp; Arctic region.
They are & nbsp; actively used and & nbsp; in the & nbsp; Mediterranean Sea. They can effectively monitor & nbsp; single ships or enemy groupings in order to, if necessary, give target designation to the forces of the fleet or coastal missile systems “ Ball '' and & nbsp; 'Bastion'.
Sergey Kotov named in & nbsp; honor of the participant of the Great Patriotic War, Rear Admiral, Hero of the Soviet Union and Sergei Nikolaevich Kotov. He & nbsp; will be the fourth ship of Project 22160, the first three & nbsp; & mdash; Vasily Bykov, Dmitry Rogachev and & nbsp; & laquo; Pavel Derzhavin & raquo ;.
Sergey Nikolaevich Kotov. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
According to the & nbsp; opinion of military experts, the ships of the project 22160 have already proven themselves quite well. The Russian fleet is rapidly evolving to counter possible threats from the & nbsp; side of the seas. Probably, in the near future, more attention will be paid to the ships of the Pacific Fleet, since the Black Sea is equipped, as they say, to & nbsp; teeth. However, it will have to be strengthened constantly, given the tension in this region. It is also important to envisage the possibility of modernizing ships instead of building new ones, which will save the budget of the Russian army.