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The United States said that it can “guaranteed” to destroy the “Nord Stream-2”

The Bloomberg columnist said that it could lead to a stop in the transit of gas through the pipeline.

In the United States, they told in which case the gas pipeline & # 8220; Nord Stream-2 & # 8221; threatened with destruction.

Columnist Leonid Bershidsky writes about this in a Bloomberg article.

According to him, the transit of fuel through the pipeline will be stopped if Russia fully invades Ukraine.

As a result, according to the publicist, the project will be completely stopped.

& # 8220; & # 8221; Nord Stream 2 & # 8243; will certainly be destroyed if Russia takes a full-scale attack on Ukraine & # 8221;, & # 8211; noted the journalist.

He suggested that a smaller operation by Russia could shift the date of gas transit, and Washington will certainly take advantage of this to win a rem to get arguments in favor of stopping the gas pipeline.

At the same time, Bershidsky believes that today the United States & # 8220; almost lost & # 8221; the battle with the Russian gas pipeline, and Moscow plans to & # 8220; unleash a war & # 8221; because of an interest in economic cooperation with the EU.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that, according to media reports, Germany may close & # 8220; Nord Stream-2 & # 8221; forever.

Journalists noted that this could happen on May 9th.

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Unscheduled increase in minimum wages and living wages in 2022 will affect 16 million Russians

Deputy Prime Minister Golikova announced social payments in 2022, which will affect 16 million Russians. Meanwhile, as early as December 1, 2021, the PFR will increase payments to three categories of pensioners.

Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova clarified how the minimum wage and the cost of living in the Russian Federation will increase, disclosing the details of indexation, which was previously announced by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Recall that on the eve he proposed to increase next year them by 8.6%, outstripping the growth of inflation.

In the draft budget for 2022, this figure was only 2.5%. Thus, the size of the minimum wage (minimum wage) will be 13 890 rubles, the subsistence level & # 8211; 12 654 rubles.

According to Golikova, the increased indexation will affect 16 million citizens of the Russian Federation, because the size of these payments determines the size of almost all other social benefits, including child benefits, sick leave benefits, regional supplements to residents' pensions, and many others.

She also clarified that the growth of the minimum wage will affect the salaries of 3 million Russians. Local authorities will be able to provide the growth of indicators with money mostly from the federal budget, as well as from the WBF and their own, but in a smaller amount.

It is reported that the government will allocate about 30 billion rubles to increase the minimum wage and the living wage.

According to forecasts of the Bank of Russia, inflation will reach 7.4 & # 8211; 7.9%, but the rise in food prices reached 10.89% in October, RIA Novosti said.

The Pension Fund also said that this year, from December 1, three categories of Russian pensioners will be able to receive increased payments.

As reported by Ufanotes.ru with reference to information received from the department, these will include:

  • retirees who quit last August. They will be recalculated, and for three months they will receive an additional pension. There is no need to apply for this, as well as to apply personally: the recalculation is done automatically based on the data received from the employer.
  • retirees who turned 80 in November last year. Their fixed pension payment will double.
  • Russians who have submitted an application to the PFR branch with a request to recalculate pension savings, as well as documents proving their right to increase cash security.

Earlier Topnews wrote that the Pension Fund explained how to get a one-time payment from pension savings.

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Rain with sleet is expected in Moscow on November 19

Precipitation in the form of rain with sleet & nbsp; is predicted in the & nbsp; Russian capital on Friday, November 19, the official & nbsp; website of the & nbsp; Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

Cloudy. In some places it is icy, '' the message says.

During the day, the air temperature in the city will be from one to three degrees Celsius. Southwest wind at a speed of & nbsp; from six to 11 meters per second. & Nbsp; Atmospheric pressure will be 740 millimeters & nbsp; mercury. & Nbsp;

On Saturday night in Moscow, it is expected from minus one to one degree Celsius. Cloudiness, sleet and precipitation in the form of rain and sleet are also predicted.

Atmospheric pressure will be 733 millimeters of mercury. West wind with a speed of & nbsp; from three to 12 meters per second. & Nbsp;

Formerly a leading employee of the Phobos meteorological center Evgeny Tishkovets said that on Saturday, November 20, up to a quarter of the monthly rainfall will fall in Central Russia. According to him, it will be one of the worst wet snowfalls in the last 73 years.

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A rare copy of the American constitution sold at auction for $ 43 million

One of the first printed copies of the US Constitution was sold at Sotheby's New York auction for $ 43.17 million, reports TASS.

The six-page document is reported to be was adopted at the convention in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787.

Initially, experts estimated the lot at $ 15-20 million, but the final price was more than doubled.

Earlier it was reported that the first pair of sneakers designed by Nike for basketball player Michael Jordan was auctioned in Las Vegas for a record $ 1.47 million for this shoe type.

As noted by representatives of the auction house Sotheby & # 39; s, Jordan first came out to play in these shoes in the fifth game of the 1984 NBA regular season.

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In Germany, more than 50 thousand cases of coronavirus infection were again detected per day

Plot of a new type of coronavirus pandemic that spread from China

The Robert Koch Institute reported that the number of confirmed new cases of coronavirus infection in Germany increased by 52 & nbsp; 970 per day, reports TASS.

It is reported that from the consequences of the coronavirus disease COVID -19 in 24 hours 201 patients died.

Since the beginning of the epidemic, the infection has been detected in 5,248,291 residents of Germany. 4,588,200 people have recovered. It is noted that the total number of deaths for the entire time of the pandemic in the country reached 98,739.

Earlier it was reported that & nbsp; in Russia, the incidence of COVID-19 has decreased. At the same time, Moscow demonstrates the best indicators. It was also noted that the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza has decreased in Russia. These results were achieved thanks to general preventive measures, including the introduction of non-working days. At the same time, the growth rate of vaccination has increased in the Russian Federation. & Nbsp;

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Migration of red crabs in Australia

A massive migration of red crabs has begun in Australia. On Christmas Island, about 50 million endemic red crabs (Gecarcoidea natalis) move from the jungle to the ocean to breed.

Christmas Island is located 1,600 kilometers northwest of mainland Australia in the Indian Ocean. During the migration period, tens of millions of crabs move both through forests and along highways. For their safety, temporary bridges have been built, and some routes are completely blocked to allow crabs to pass. Migration of crabs begins during the rainy season, usually in October or November. Crabs need about 18 days to reach the shore.

The beginning of the migration is determined by the phase of the moon. Red crabs always appear before dawn during receding tide in the last quarter of the moon © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Red crabs are a type of earth crabs with a rich natural orange-red color, found only on Christmas Island © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Often the path of crabs also passes through residential areas. © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Because of crabs, roads are blocked, and dozens of volunteers are watching their safe movement © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

© Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Australians treat crustaceans with care and even build special bridges for them across roads © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

This year crabs are expected to reach the coast by the end of November © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Male crabs go ahead and reach the ocean coast first © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

There, red crabs spawn, after which the males return to the jungle, and the females remain on the coast for several more weeks. © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

The beginning of the migration is determined by the phase of the moon. Red crabs always appear before dawn during receding tide in the last quarter of the moon © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Red crabs are a type of earth crabs with a rich natural orange-red color, found only on Christmas Island © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Often the path of crabs also passes through residential areas © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Because of crabs, roads are blocked, and dozens of volunteers are watching their safe movement © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

© Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Australians treat crustaceans with care and even build special bridges for them across roads © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

This year crabs are expected to reach the coast by the end of November © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Male crabs go ahead and reach the ocean coast first © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Red crabs spawn there, after which the males return to the jungle, while the females remain on the coast for several weeks © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

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Why did Stalin’s great-grandson demand the exhumation of the remains of the leader of the USSR?

Lawyer & nbsp; Yulia Verbitskaya-Linnik , representing the interests of Joseph Stalin's great-grandson, & nbsp; Selim Bensaad , sent a petition to the Moscow Kremlin Commandant's Service to exhume Stalin's remains. & nbsp ;

In this document, the great-grandson of the secretary general demands to reburial Stalin & nbsp; from a burial near the Kremlin & nbsp; at the Novodevichy cemetery. This was reported to RIA Novosti by the press attaché of Stalin's great-grandson & nbsp; Vadim Gorzhankin . & Nbsp; & nbsp;

What does the statement say?

In a statement that was & nbsp; sent on November 18 & nbsp; at 11 Manezhnaya Street, Stalin's great-grandson & nbsp; Bensaad Selim Khosinovich asks & nbsp; to consider the possibility of exhumating the remains. & Nbsp; In accordance with Articles 1, 6, 7 of the Federal Law “ On Burial and funeral business '', the Russian Federation establishes guarantees for the burial of the deceased, taking into account the expression of the will expressed during life and the wishes of his relatives.

Stalin's relative attached a birth certificate to the document, proving family ties. & nbsp;

Why does the great-grandson insist on the exhumation? & nbsp;

The great-grandson asks to fulfill the posthumous will of the secretary general and wants to find out the official cause of Stalin's death, says the press attaché. According to Gorzhankin, during his lifetime, Stalin repeatedly asked to be buried at the Novodevichy cemetery, where the ashes of his second wife Nadezhda Alillueva rest. However, his posthumous will was not fulfilled. & Nbsp; Now Selim insists on reburying his great-grandfather in this & nbsp; cemetery. & Nbsp;

Selim believes (and this is true) that the posthumous will of his great-grandfather was not fulfilled. Let me remind you that in 1953, the sarcophagus with Stalin's body was placed in the Mausoleum, on Red Square in Moscow '', & mdash; Gorzhankin quoted the lawyer's words, pointing out that in 1961 the remains of the Soviet leader were secretly reburied at the foot of the Kremlin wall without any consent of his relatives.

Who is & nbsp; Selim Bensaad?

Selim Bensaad & mdash; & nbsp; the grandson of Stalin's son Yakov Dzhugashvili , who was captured and died during the Great Patriotic War in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. & nbsp; Selim was born in the union of his daughter & nbsp; Galina Dzhugashvili & nbsp; and the citizen of Algeria Hosin Bensaad , whom Galina met in Moscow. In 1971 they had a son. As a result of the mistake of obstetricians, the child received a serious injury to the facial nerve, and later it turned out that he suffers from a progressive disease of the hearing organs. The child's mother turned to Brezhnev with a request to release her and Selim to France for examination at the clinic, where his hearing could be saved. But these requests were not satisfied. & Nbsp; The Council of Ministers of the USSR decided to provide treatment for the child at home, but it was not possible to save his hearing.

In 1988, Selim was first allowed to go abroad, to his relatives in Algeria. However, his relationship with his father did not work out. In 1991, when a change of government took place in Algeria and the Islamization of the country began, Selim's father moved to Russia.

Earlier it was reported that Selim was actually homeless after a conflict with his father. A descendant of the Soviet leader claims that at one time he was forced to spend the night in his own car after his father changed the locks in the Moscow apartment in which he is registered. As noted by the press attaché, the conflict in the family intensified due to the release of the book, one of the authors of which was Bensaad Jr. & nbsp;

According to Gorzhankin, the & nbsp; book & nbsp; Secrets of the Stalin Family, written by & nbsp; Russian-American journalist Lana Parshina , author of the books The Death of Hitler '', 'The Secret of the Stalin Family. Confession of the last of Dzhugashvili '' and Selim Bensaad, contains information about Stalin's will. & nbsp;

According to Parshina, before her death, Galina Dzhugashvili signed a will, according to which she transferred all her property to her husband Hosin Bensaad, who lives at the address that she had occupied since 1947. After the death of his mother, Selim, in order to have access to the apartment where he was born and raised, was forced to conclude an amicable agreement, according to which he could not even use an electric kettle. In 2008, Selim managed to sue the obligatory share in his mother's apartment in court. But & nbsp; Bensaad Sr. changed the locks in the Moscow apartment in which Selim is registered.

Now Stalin's great-grandson lives in Ryazan & nbsp; in a house on Novatorov Street. & Nbsp; On the recommendation of lawyer Yulia Verbitskaya, he left there in 2019. Together with his wife, they live with the wife's parents.

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The Bulgarian prosecutor’s office accused the former military of working for Russian intelligence

A group of Bulgarian soldiers, whose arrest in March this year on suspicion of espionage in the interests of Russia caused yet another “spy scandal”, was charged. According to the prosecutor's office, their leader was a graduate of the GRU school

The Bulgarian military prosecutor's office has brought charges of espionage against a group of employees and retired military personnel, the ministry said in a statement. According to AP, they are suspected of working for Russia.

Among the suspects is a former high-ranking official of the Military Intelligence Service of Bulgaria, who is accused of leading the group. According to AP, in Sofia it is believed that he graduated from the Moscow military intelligence school of the GRU. “ Over the years, he has selected key positions with unrestricted access to classified information in the Republic of Bulgaria and its NATO and EU partners. The members of the group used their official position to collect secret, official and other important information of interest to foreign intelligence '', & mdash; the report says.

The official’s wife, who has dual Bulgarian-Russian citizenship, submitted documents to the Russian Embassy in Bulgaria.

Among other suspects & mdash; high-ranking officials of the Ministry of Defense and a former military attaché who oversaw classified information in the Bulgarian parliament.

All suspects were charged with creating and leading a group for the purpose of espionage, collecting and publishing information constituting state secrets, as well as transferring it to a foreign state. Three of the accused transferred classified information of a military nature abroad. Two are also accused of illegal possession of firearms.

The disclosure of a group of former and current Bulgarian military personnel working in the interests of Moscow became known in March. The Russian Embassy in Bulgaria announced the need to stop speculation about Moscow's involvement in the detentions in Sofia pending a court decision. “ We hope that, pending a court decision in this case, speculation about Russia's alleged involvement in intelligence activities against the interests of Bulgaria will be discontinued, '' & mdash; According to the statement.

Bulgaria has recently witnessed several 'spy scandals' related to accusations of working for Russian intelligence. In particular, in early October, a Russian and two Lithuanians were detained on charges of espionage. They worked at the Arsenal weapons factory. in the city of Kazanlak, which is on the list of strategic objects for ensuring the national security of the country. The suspects went on unpaid leave and then did not return to work. At that time, confidential documents were found missing at the plant. The fugitives were detained on October 5 at a checkpoint on the border with Greece. The police said they found documents and items in their cars that “ are believed to be of direct relevance. '' to what happened at the plant.

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Moscow suspected of bribery of the first deputy chief of the Emergencies Ministry

According to sources, the first deputy chief of the head office received money for the approval of anti-terrorist security passports for facilities

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Kiev demanded to refute the words of the President of Bulgaria about the Russian Crimea

Rumen Radev called Crimea Russian during his pre-election televised debates. His rival for the presidency, on the other hand, said that “Crimea is Ukrainian.” Kiev called the Bulgarian ambassador and asked to refute Radev's words

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine summoned the Ambassador of Bulgaria to Kiev Kostadin Kodzhabashev because of the words of the Bulgarian President Rumen Radev that Crimea is Russian territory. This was reported by the press service of the Foreign Ministry.

“ The Ukrainian side brought to the ambassador the position of our state about the incorrectness and inadmissibility of statements by the President of Bulgaria Rumen Radev on Crimea during yesterday's pre-election televised debates, '' & mdash; The statement reads.

The Foreign Ministry stressed that Radev’s words do not contribute to the development of good-neighborly relations between Ukraine and Bulgaria and “sharply discord with the official position of Sofia in support of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of our state within its internationally recognized borders.” “ We expect the President of Bulgaria Rumen Radev to refute his yesterday's statement '', & mdash; added in the ministry.

The ministry noted that Kodzhabashev assured Kiev of Bulgaria's unchanging position in supporting the territorial integrity of Ukraine, including Crimea as an integral part of Ukrainian territory.

Rumen Radev said that “ Crimea is Russian at the moment '', on the eve of November 18, during a televised debate ahead of the second round of the presidential elections in Bulgaria. His opponent, the rector of Sofia University Anastas Gerdzhikov, who nominated himself for the post of head of state, on the contrary, said that “ Crimea '' Ukrainian. ''

Russia annexed Crimea following a referendum held in March 2014. Most of the countries of the world and Ukraine did not recognize the voting results, still considering the peninsula a part of Ukrainian territory. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that the return of Crimea is a matter of time. Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly noted that the question of the territorial affiliation of the peninsula is closed.

Another diplomatic scandal involving Bulgaria occurred after Turkey's Ambassador to Sofia, Ailin Sekizkek, was summoned to the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry, where her attention was drawn to cases of involvement of officials, Turkish political leaders, IDP organizations and the media in campaigning and calls to vote for a certain political party during the presidential and parliamentary elections in Bulgaria (held on the same day – November 14). According to Turkish media outlets, Ankara responded by summoning the Bulgarian Ambassador Angel Cholakov. Turkish Deputy Foreign Minister Faruk Kaymakci called Sofia's behavior inappropriate and firmly rejected allegations of Turkish interference in the elections in Bulgaria.

Center Party Continue Change. won the third parliamentary elections in Bulgaria this year with 25.67% of the vote. The second place was taken by the right-wing GERB-SDS coalition, which was supported by 22.74% of voters. It is followed by the Movement for Rights and Freedoms, defending the interests of the Turkish minority, with 13%.

According to the Central Election Commission (CEC) of Bulgaria, Rumen Radev received 49.41 % of votes. This indicator is not enough to win the first round, so on November 21, the second round will take place, in which Radev's rival will be the representative of the GERB party Anastas Gerdzhikov, supported by 22.82% of voters.

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Poland will restrict freight rail traffic with Belarus

Poland carried out its ultimatum and nevertheless closed the railway communication with Belarus along one of the transport corridors – in the Grodno region, where the epicenter of the migration crisis is located

Freight train near Hajnowka, Poland

Since November 21, Poland has suspended railway communication with Belarus through the Kuznitsa checkpoint, the Belarusian State Border Committee reported.

The State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus received an official letter from the Polish side regarding its intention to suspend freight traffic in the checkpoint Kuznitsa & raquo;, & mdash; says the message.

Railway checkpoint 'Smithy' (Bruzgi on the Belarusian side) is located on one of the three main railway corridors between Poland and Belarus. Two more are located in the area of ​​the cities of Svisloch and Brest.

Russian Railways told RBC that Poland's decision to close the freight rail link with Belarus through the Kuznitsa checkpoint. near Grodno will not significantly affect Russian transit.

“ The closure of the border crossing will practically not affect the transportation of goods in communication with Russia & mdash; both export-import and transit. The main cargo traffic goes through Brest. Through the checkpoint at Kuznitsa single dispatches were carried out. The traffic volumes will be redistributed in other directions, including with the use of Russian-Polish border crossings in the Kaliningrad region '', & mdash; reported in Russian Railways.

The United Transport and Logistics Company, the operator of transit traffic across Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, also told RBC that the main transit flow goes along the railway line in Brest, and at the control point Kuznitsa & mdash; Bruzgi one-time dispatches of container trains are carried out. It is mainly used to reduce the load on other border crossing points. 'Through' Bruzgi '/' Forge Belostotskaya ' on average, eight container trains go one way and four trains every month – & mdash; to another. For comparison: every day in both directions from border stations in the services of UTLC ERA, up to 30 trains leave '', & mdash; the company reported.

On November 13, Polish Interior Minister Mariusz Kamiński said that in response to the migration crisis, which, according to Warsaw, provoked by the Belarusian authorities, Poland could block the railway connection with a neighboring country. The Russian Center for Strategic Research (CSR), commenting on this news, noted that about 10% of all Russian imports and about 1% of exports in kind are delivered across the border of Belarus and Poland.

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Saakashvili to be transferred from prison clinic to military hospital in Gori

Photo: Alexander Astafiev

Former President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili, who after a long hunger strike ended up in the intensive care unit of a prison clinic, will be transferred to a military hospital in Burn. This was announced during a briefing by the Minister of Justice of the country, Rati Bregadze.

“This is the place where his health and safety will be maximally protected,” the head of the Ministry of Justice noted.

He noted that for transferring Saakashvili to the hospital will require his consent. At the same time, the politician must guarantee that he will stop the hunger strike and will not stage provocations.

The day before, it was reported that the ex-president fainted in a prison hospital. It was decided to transfer him to intensive care. The council, which was assembled by the prison resuscitator, assessed the politician's condition as critical. Doctors said that it is necessary to transfer Saakashvili to a multi-profile hospital, where there is also an intensive care unit.

The former president was detained in Tbilisi on October 1, immediately after he returned home from Ukraine. On the very first day of his imprisonment, he went on a hunger strike.

Saakashvili was found guilty in absentia in two criminal cases. In total, he was sentenced to nine years in prison.

See also: Saakashvili was diagnosed with a serious brain disease: may die

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Bulgarians ridiculed Germany’s decision on Nord Stream 2: “Shot in the leg”

Photo: pixabay.com

Readers of the Bulgarian newspaper Dnes.dir criticized Germany's decision to suspend the Nord Stream 2 certification process.

According to one user, “European idiots have shot themselves in the leg again.” In his opinion, until March 2021, “only an additional markup” from the exchange will cover all Gazprom's expenses for the construction of the gas pipeline.

Another user noted that “this only shows how weak Germany and the EU are.” As it turned out, by this decision they harm their own citizens, “just to please the Americans.”

A third reader joked, noting that Germany “scores its own goals one after another.” In particular, we are talking about the third energy package, and now about the license. At the same time, spot prices are growing.

Another Bulgarian user pointed out that the Russians are now waiting for a very happy New Year. Now electricity in Russia is six times cheaper than in Bulgaria, and gasoline is two times cheaper. Gas is ten times cheaper. Moreover, the state makes additional payments.

Prior to this, the German regulator did not confirm the launch of the gas pipeline in March 2021. Currently, the certification procedure has been suspended. The Russian side was demanded to establish a subsidiary of the Swiss operator of the Nord Stream 2 AG project, transferring all ownership rights in Germany to it.

Meanwhile, the deputy of the Bundestag of the Alternative for Germany party Steffen Kotre said that the launch of Nord Stream is 2 “possible in April-May 2022.

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General Buzhinsky told how “Ukrainian troops will be destroyed”

No tank armies, the Aerospace Forces will do everything

Washington and Kiev accused Russia of allegedly grouping an armada of tanks on the western borders to attack Ukraine. Vice-President of the Russian International Affairs Council and Chairman of the Center for Political Studies of Russia, Lieutenant General in reserve Evgeny Buzhinsky commented on the accusations against the Russian Federation.

Evgeny Buzhinsky. Photo: facebook.com/evgbujin.

Washington was the first to announce some Russian military groupings on the western borders. In Kiev, at first, they did not see any threats. But then they nevertheless adjusted their opinion. They started talking about Russian military groupings in the Smolensk and Voronezh regions.

President Putin, speaking at a meeting of the Foreign Ministry Collegium on November 18, did not calm anyone down. On the contrary, he offered, either as a joke or seriously, to continue supporting the Western “ partners '' in good shape.

As he said on the talk show “ 60 minutes '' Lieutenant General Yevgeny Buzhinsky, the war against Russia is “ already underway. '' Yes, hot there is no war yet, but there is a war of information, economic, trade, sanctions. The number of cyberattacks on Russian systems is in the thousands.

Speaking about the military groupings on our western borders, Buzhinsky said that “ against the background of all this hysteria, one must be a very short-sighted politician so as not to keep a certain grouping on the lines from which the threat emanates. '' He expressed confidence that a sufficient grouping of forces has been created.

“ As for the tanks that Kiev will take, I think that there will be no new territories. As Syria, we have demonstrated that we are good students, we have learned the American lessons. Therefore, I think the destruction of the Ukrainian armed forces will be carried out by the forces of our Aerospace Forces. '' fleet due to the lack of large warships, “ will be sunk by the forces of the Black Sea Fleet. ''

“ There are no problems at all. Therefore, I personally do not foresee any tanks, any seizures of territory. The destruction of air defense systems, aviation at airfields – that's all. And Ukraine will remain with its Azov battalion (a terrorist organization banned in the Russian Federation. – & nbsp; MK ') or the Azov regiment, I don't know with whom it will stay,' said Evgeny Buzhinsky.

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Ministry of Defense revealed the circumstances of the capture of Paulus

Secrets of Operation Uranus: documents about the last stage of the Battle of Stalingrad have been declassified

On the 79th anniversary of the start of the offensive operation, the purpose of which was to encircle and destroy the German group under Stalingrad, the Russian Defense Ministry published on its website declassified archival documents that are directly related to the final events of the grandiose Stalingrad epic.

Photo : ru.wikipedia.org/Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B24575.

This strategic operation of the Red Army, which had the goal of completely destroying the German troops in Stalingrad, was named “Uranus”. It began 79 years ago, on November 19, 1942. And after two and a half months, on February 2, 1943, the encircled enemy grouping of over 300 thousand people was completely defeated. More than 90 thousand Wehrmacht soldiers and officers were taken prisoner, including the commander of the German 6th Army Paulus with his headquarters.

In past years, the RF Ministry of Defense has already provided for public access on its website some of the previously secret documents related to the events associated with the battles of Stalingrad. Now, new materials have been added to them telling about the final of the Battle of Stalingrad.

Army reports, fragments of military operations logs of units of the Don Front, transcripts of interrogations of captured German military leaders, award lists, unique photographs about the surrender of Hitler's troops in “Stalingrad cauldron” …

For the first time, you can see the text of the ultimatum prepared in early January 1943 by the command of the Don Front and sent to the commander of the German group Paulus.

“Representative of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command of the Red Army on January 8, 1943

< p> To the commander of the German 6th Army encircled at Stalingrad, Colonel-General Paulus or his deputy.

The 6th German army, the formations of the 4th Panzer Army and the reinforcement units attached to them have been in complete encirclement since November 23, 1942 … All hopes for the salvation of your troops by the advance of German troops from the south and southwest did not come true. The German troops hurrying to your aid are defeated by the Red Army and retreat to Rostov … The position of your encircled troops is difficult. The harsh Russian winter is just beginning, severe frosts, cold winds and blizzards are still ahead, and your soldiers are not provided with winter uniforms and are in difficult unsanitary conditions.

You, as the commander, and all the officers of the encircled troops understand perfectly well that you have no real opportunities to break through the encirclement ring. Your position is hopeless and further resistance makes no sense. In the current hopeless situation for you, in order to avoid unnecessary bloodshed, we suggest that you accept the following terms of surrender: 1) All the German encircled troops led by you and your headquarters to stop resistance … “

One of the intercepted texts of the enemy confirms that even in the conditions of a virtually hopeless situation, the German command did everything to postpone surrender, and this entailed new casualties.

From a telegram sent to the Main Political Directorate of the Red Army:

“I am transmitting the text of the order on the 6th German Army, surrounded in the Stalingrad region, signed by Colonel-General Paulus on the attitude towards our parliamentarians and proposals for surrender. The original was captured at the Smolyanov site. Melnikov “.

“The order for the army should be brought to the attention of the companies. In recent years, the Russians have repeatedly tried to enter into negotiations with the army and with units subordinate to it. Their goal is clear: by promises in surrender negotiations, to break our will to resist. We all know what threatens us if the army ceases resistance: most of us will surely die, either from an enemy bullet, or from hunger and suffering in the shameful Siberian captivity. But one thing is certain – whoever surrenders will never see his loved ones again … “

A number of now declassified documents are devoted to the events around the army commander Paulus himself. In particular, a document about the circumstances of his capture is posted on the site.

“The circumstances of the capture of the commander of the 6th German Army, Field Marshal von Paulus, January 31, 1943.

From the morning of 31.1.43 Mr. General-Field Marshal von Paulus was in the house of the Executive Committee (central part of Stalingrad) with the ranks of his headquarters and strong guards. During the battle, it was surrounded by units of the 38th Motorized Rifle Brigade … After the building was surrounded, von Paulus's personal adjutant arrived with a proposal to negotiate.

To conduct negotiations left: Chief of Staff of the Army Major General Laskin, Chief of the Operations Department Colonel Lukin and the commander of the 38th Motorized Rifle Brigade Colonel Burmakov, accompanied by a group of command personnel, who, upon arrival at the headquarters of Field Marshal von Paulus at 10.00 on 31 January 1943, left for negotiations. presented an ultimatum to end resistance and complete surrender of the encircled group of German troops.

The ultimatum was fully accepted. The troops of the southern group under the command of Major General Roske were ordered to lay down their arms. The order began to be immediately carried out … During the negotiations, Field Marshal von Paulus was required to give an order to the troops of the northern grouping to end resistance, this demand was refused by von Paulus.

After instructions were given about the order of delivery and acceptance of personnel and weapons, Field Marshal von Paulus with the Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Schmidt and his personal adjutant were brought to the army headquarters. Field Marshal von Paulus surrendered with all the personnel of his headquarters. At the same time, they surrendered and taken to the army headquarters: the commander of the 29th motorized division, Major General Leiser, the chief of artillery of the 51st army corps, Major General Vassol and the commander of the 1st division (Romanian), General Bratescu … “

< p> You can see all these unique wartime evidence in electronic form on the website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in the multimedia section “Stalingrad Fracture. The battle that changed the course of the Great War. ”

Источник www.mk.ru