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Russian cosmonauts find possible last air leak on ISS

In the Star module the International Space Station (ISS) may be the last location of an air leak. The damage was discovered by Russian cosmonauts Pyotr Dubrov and Anton Shkaplerov. This was reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the press service of Roskosmos.

The report says that the possible last air leak is in the intermediate chamber of the Zvezda service module. Funds to repair the damage will be delivered on the nearest cargo ship Progress, the Roskosmos noted. After that, the astronauts will begin the final elimination of the leak.

It is noted that we are not talking about new defects at the station. Earlier, the head of the state corporation Dmitry Rogozin announced problems with the building and equipment. He clarified that Russian cosmonauts know how to solve them.

Dmitry Rogozin previously announced the onset of a “ launch boom '', which is expected in 2025-2026.

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US astronauts will remain on the ISS until 2030

The United States government will extend the presence of American astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) until 2030. This is reported by TASS with reference to the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

During this period, Washington intends to continue working on the ISS with its international partners in the face of Russia, Canada, Japan and Europe … This decision is due to the fact that the United States plans to continue to conduct breakthrough research on board the station.

According to NASA, during the existence of the ISS, more than three thousand studies were organized on it. At the same time, about 110 countries and territories were involved in carrying out certain works. Therefore, the extension of the American presence at the station will create conditions for another productive decade, the management stressed. In addition, this solution “ will allow for a smooth transfer of the capabilities of finding in low-earth orbit to one or several commercial directions. ''

Earlier, Roskosmos reported that the Zvezda module Potential last air leakage location found on ISS.

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Zhugderdemidiin is on the air. What was shown on TV on New Year’s Eve 40 years ago?

Plot World history with Andrey Sidorchik

In the cartoon Winter in Prostokvashino, released in the mid-1980s, postman Pechkin said: “ In our time, the main decoration of the New Year's table is what? TV! '' Indeed, for Soviet citizens of that era, he was both entertainment and a window to the world.

The last year of the era

On December 31 and January 1, the TV in every Soviet apartment turned into a festive attribute, under which they cut salads, raised glasses of champagne, and danced, and suffered a headache after a stormy fabulous night of the change of years.

I must say that in the early 1980s, the majority of the population of the USSR had little choice. In the best case, one could count on two all-Union TV programs, as well as in some places on a local studio. But many could tune the TV set to only one program, which, accordingly, received 100% of the viewer's attention in the region.

But what exactly did Soviet citizens watch on New Year's holidays exactly 40 years ago? Thanks to the TV program on December 31, 1981 and January 1, 1982, we will take an excursion into the past.

Without knowing it, the Soviet people entered the last year of the era & mdash; & nbsp; at the end of 1982 will die < strong> Leonid Brezhnev , who led the state for 18 years. But that the most stable period in the history of the USSR is coming to an end & nbsp; and it will soon be remembered with nostalgia, then no one could have imagined.

Exercise and a film about astronauts

December 31 was a working day, and therefore the broadcast of the First TV Program of the USSR opened everyday with & mdash; & nbsp; repetition of the evening edition of the Vremya program. at 8:00. After the political information, the audience was offered a 25-minute morning gymnastics. There was not even a trace of aerobics: dressed in standard sports shorts and T-shirts, the comrades performed exercises to the accompaniment of a pianist. It all ended with the remark: “ Go to water procedures! ''

As a rule, this concerned either schoolchildren who had gone on winter holidays the day before, but pensioners & mdash; & nbsp; the rest were already on their own by nine o'clock in the morning. workplaces.

For those who stayed at home, at 9:05 am, a concert by the Snow Rainbow children's art groups awaited. At 9:35 am, viewers were offered documentaries about the flights of cosmonauts from the socialist countries. In 1981, there were two of those & mdash; & nbsp; in March at “ Soyuz-39 '' along with Vladimir Dzhanikbekov a representative of Mongolia Zhugderdemidiin Gurragcha went into orbit, and in May on Soyuz-40; Romanian Dumitru Dorin Prunariu flew with Leonid Popov .

Having received satisfaction from the successes of socialism in space exploration, the audience at 10:20 went to ballet. Swan Lake will become a symbol of coups d'état ten years later, and on December 31, 1981, another ballet of the Bolshoi Theater was shown & mdash; & nbsp; & quot; The Nutcracker & quot ;.

In the New Year & mdash; & nbsp; with academician Kapitsa!

< p> At 12:15 p.m., a program for youth “ Start to Life '' went on the air, followed by a 10-minute concert of the orchestra of symphonic and pop music, after which the “ film '' & nbsp; children '' was offered: a picture of the director Oleg Erishev “ The life and adventures of four friends. ''

Filmed in the 1980s, the tape about the adventures of the shepherd Fram, the Airedale Bubrik, the mongrel Toshka and the cat Traffic light was very popular at that time. Voice acting of dogs and cats with the voices of people before the appearance of the program “ My own director '' was a rarity that attracted attention.

At 15:15, a film-concert was shown with the participation of the State Choreographic Ensemble “ Berezka ''. This ensemble was a real brand of the Soviet Union along with ballet, circus and Aleksandrov choir. Birch She constantly toured abroad, and it was very difficult to get to the concert of the ensemble. So it was very nice to see him on TV on New Year's Eve.

At 4:45 pm, academician Sergey Petrovich Kapitsa , the most popular scientist in the country, on the Obvious & nbsp; Incredible told the citizens about the next scientific riddles. Speculation on topics like the “ Kyshtym dwarf '' or 'Dyatlov pass' Kapitsa could not stand the spirit, being engaged in the real popularization of science. For this reason, in the 1990s, from Channel One he was asked. Sergei Petrovich himself spoke about it in an interview like this: “ Channel One '' demanded that, firstly, I smash Soviet science and, secondly, do not object to any & nbsp; pseudoscience. I refused categorically. Then I was kicked out of there … What political attitudes they had can be seen from the results of their activities. This is an intellectual defeat of Russia. Otherwise, I could not characterize their activities. ''

At the end of 1981, no one could imagine such a turn in a nightmare …

Children's drawings and a meeting with the world champion

At 17:50, the 40-minute Winter's Tale concert went on the air.

At 6:30 pm, it was time to broadcast “ In every picture there is & nbsp; sun. '' During it, children’s drawings sent to television were shown and excerpts from their letters were read. At the present time, everything was incredibly simple and naive: no struggle for prizes, no attempts to get ahead of someone. Just pictures of the guys, created from the heart.

At 18:45, when citizens returning from work rushed to conjure over jellied meat, salads and herring “ under a fur coat '', the Today in the World program began. The 25-minute review talked about how great the socialist countries live and how disgusting the animal grin of capital is. 40 years later, we can say that the observers embellished life under socialism, but they spoke the pure truth about capitalism.

At 19:10, the New Year's Eve continued with a meeting with the world chess champion Anatoly Karpov … In November 1981 in Italian Merano Karpov he confidently defeated Viktor Korchnoi & mdash; & nbsp; 6: 2, retaining the champion crown. At that time, this success in the USSR was considered significant, so the appearance of Karpov on New Year's air was absolutely justified.

Forty years ago, they also loved the “ figurine ''

At 19:50, they demonstrated a concert of the country's artistic groups called “ My Motherland. '' The short film Zigzag aired at 20:35 directed by Valery Fedoseev . A small New Year's fairy tale for adults with the participation of Natalia Saiko, Vladimir Grammatikov and Valentina Telichkina , of course, she could not interrupt the success of Irony of Fate, but she gathered her viewer.

At 21:00 the New Year's release of the Vremya program began. It told about the achievements of the country for the year, about how and where they celebrate the New Year. And in general, due to the holiday, there was less officialdom in the main news program of the USSR.

At 9:35 p.m., the “ Fun Cartoon Concert '' was shown, followed by the “ Ice Ball '' with the participation of figure skating masters. It is interesting that the tastes of the public over four decades in this regard have not changed & mdash; & nbsp; both then and now figure skating in our country was on a special account.

At 11:10 pm, the half-hour performance of the circus masters began, and at 11:40 pm the documentary “ My Country ''. It reflected the main events that took place in the USSR in 1981.

Instead of Brezhnev, the announcer Kirillov congratulated, and the most persistent waited for the “ forbidden ''

At 11:50 pm, it was time for a program called Happy New Year, Comrades! Congratulations to the Soviet people. The announcer Igor Kirillov was instructed to read the text, since Leonid Ilyich's physical form left much to be desired.

After the Chimes died down and the glasses of champagne rang out, the Blue Light began. featuring the best artists of the country.

For most of the three and a half hour show, the holiday was over. The stronger ones joined the Ballroom at 3:30, and the sweetest was served at 4:00, called Bandstand Melodies and Rhythms. At the end of New Year's Eve, semi-banned Western pop music was allowed on the air, and then those who still had the strength to start a complete separation.

New Year's morning to the ensemble of cymbalists

It is clear that only children and staunch teetotalers could see the morning broadcast on January 1, 1982. After the morning news at 8:00, everyone could listen to a concert by the ensemble of cymbalists of the Belarusian State Conservatory.

At 8:50, children who were driven away by sleeping parents could dispel boredom with the movie almanac Zvezdochka. Then, after the half-hour documentary film “ Vyatskiye Vyatki '', there was a program of cartoons.

At 10:55, the children's programs were diluted with the concert “ Creativity of the Nations of the World '', and then the incredibly popular program in the USSR began “ Visiting a Fairy Tale ''. True, the film “ Nemukhin Musicians '' director Maria Muat , shown on New Year's Eve 40 years ago, today, alas, few people remember.

At 13:00, the exemplary brass band of the USSR Ministry of Railways was brought down on the honking heads of the celebrants … After 20 minutes, the air was broadcast to Cuban television, which for an hour was vigorously celebrating the 23rd anniversary of the victory of the Cuban Revolution.

'Carnival Night' and 'Song of the Year'

At 2:20 pm it was time for poetry. Poems by Russian and Soviet poets were combined into the Winter Study program. At 14:50, the Soviet citizens finally awakened were delighted with a concert by the laureates of the IV International Ballet Competition in Moscow.

Contrary to current ideas, “ Irony of Fate '' then they didn't show it every year. But another comedy by Eldar Ryazanov appeared on the air & mdash; & nbsp; at 15:50, the broadcast of Carnival Night began.

At 17:05, viewers could see the Soviet Union through the eyes of foreign guests, and then the film-concert With a Kind Smile.

At 18:15, the second came out after Blue Light. hit of the Soviet New Year holidays & mdash; & nbsp; “ Song of the Year ''. In this case, respectively, “ Song-81 ''. On January 1, 1982, viewers could hear “ Parents' House '' performed by Lev Leshchenko , “ The Bird of Happiness ''; Nikolai Hnatyuk , “ Maestro '' from Alla Pugacheva , “ I live with my grandmother '' performed by VIA “ Verasy '' and much more.

Premiere with heart-beating Kostalevsky

After the release of the program “ Time '' Soviet TV presented the premiere of & mdash; & nbsp; a two-part film directed by Viktor Titov “ Vacation at your own expense. '' In this Soviet-Hungarian film, the favorite of Soviet women Igor Kostalevsky appeared in the form of a narcissistic handsome man who neglects the feelings of an ardent provincial woman, ready to do the impossible for him.

As a result, the Hungarian becomes the true knight of the girl Katya. Laszlo, who comes for her to distant Vekhneyarsk.

The film with the participation of Alexander Shirvindt, Lyudmila Gurchenko, Vladimir Basov, Liya Akhedzhakova, Igor Yasulovich is still popular among the older and middle generation of Russians.

New Year's holidays in the USSR were short & mdash; & nbsp; On January 2, severe weekdays began with exercises under the piano.

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New Year is the oldest, the oldest, the oldest. How the date of the main holiday floated

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 52. What to prepare for the New Year's table? 29/12/2021

On the question of the start date of the year, there is a ready answer: they say, on December 20, 1699, Tsar Peter I issued a decree numbered 1736, which introduced the chronology from the Nativity of Christ. Also, according to this decree, the New Year was supposed to be celebrated on the night of December 31 to January 1.

The answer is correct in its own way, but incomplete. He gives the impression that before Peter, in such an important matter as the beginning and end of the annual cycle, we had some kind of desert. It is rarely remembered that Peter did not introduce a new holiday, but only moved its date to January 1.

We will try to fill this gap. New Year's traditions in our country are rich and varied, and the holiday itself managed to visit not only winter, but also autumn and spring. & Nbsp;

Perhaps the most venerable holiday date should be considered the winter solstice: from December 21 to 22. This night is special, it was traditionally celebrated by many peoples. For example, the closest neighbors of the Slavs, the Germans, also celebrated the transition from long nights to long days. We called it “ Kolyado '', the Germans called it & mdash; Yule. It is curious that the Russian name almost accurately describes the general Slavic-Germanic custom. On the night of the solstice, it was supposed to imitate the actions of the Sun: they extinguished all the lights, and then kindled the newborn flame. And in the old fashioned way, with the help of friction, rotating a wooden spindle with an onion drill in the deck. According to one version, “ kolyado '' & mdash; and there is the same deck, that is, a stump, a log. By the way, the 'Christmas log' can still be found at any European fair. Both ours and the Germans preferred to see pork on the table that day. But the Slavs also baked korovai. This is exactly how & mdash; bread, stylized as a cow's head, with horns. A magical rite was associated with it, which, as it was believed, provided bread and a well-fed life in general. The elder of the clan hid behind a freshly baked cow and asked: “ Can you see me? '' This was followed by the answer: “ We do not see, grandfather, where are you? '' He straightened up and said: “ So that you won't see me the next year! '' The holiday lasted until the adoption of Christianity in 988. However, some traditions were passed on to Christmas and Christmastide.

With the adoption of Christianity, a new calendar style was adopted, dating back to the Roman republican calendar, according to which the New Year came on March 1. This was a very successful innovation, since spring is traditionally very important for our people. For example, during the time of Alexander Nevsky to the question “ How old are you? '' only a boyar or an educated merchant could answer. The commoner simply did not understand what it was about. But to the question “ Which spring did you go on? '' followed by a lightning-fast response. “ By the tenth '', & mdash; from a ten-year-old child, for example. Now from that holiday, reminiscent of the importance of spring in the old calendar, the word “ Peer '' remains. And another funny New Year's chorus, which is guaranteed to confuse our contemporaries: “ I sow, I blow, I sow, Happy New Year, congratulations! '' What other sowing season for the New Year, in the midst of winter?

The trick is that this chorus came to us from those times when the New Year was celebrated in the spring, hoping for gentle weather and a new harvest. The holiday itself was called Avsen, and those who celebrated were supposed to sing ritual songs-avsenki. Quoting them is not worth it, since the auxiliaries were designed to glorify fertility and childbearing & mdash; everything in the appropriate terminology, which is now rightly considered indecent. In addition, the Avsenki did not sing, but shouted & mdash; with a squeal and a flood.

This continued until 1492, when Prince Ivan III the Great married to the Byzantine princess Sophia Palaeologus , made a calendar reform in the Byzantine manner. In the Eastern Roman Empire, it was customary to celebrate the New Year on September 1. In Russia, the holiday took root: later, after the establishment of the patriarchate, the “ New Summer Action '', or the “ Rite of Passing the Summer '' was even created. The holiday is magnificent and solemn, with the participation of the tsar and the patriarch, so that everyone can see the symphony of secular and spiritual power. Between Matins and Mass, the tsar and the patriarch went out to the Ivanovskaya Square of the Kremlin to the ringing of bells, where a solemn prayer service was served. After the prayer service, congratulations were exchanged, first between the tsar and the patriarch, then & mdash; between the tsar and the boyars, and then the tsar congratulated everyone, and the whole square in response congratulated the tsar. The celebration ended with the distribution of gifts. The close ones got pies and food, and ordinary participants & mdash; money alms. The official part of the holiday ended there, and the festivities began. They, however, were of a very pious character. Since the new year marked, first of all, the beginning of a new church year, it was considered correct not only to attend all divine services and congratulate the elders in the family, but also to help the orphan, the poor, and the poor. So on September 1, an incredible variety of gifts were handed out. This is a custom that is still quite alive.

Well, September 1 was replaced by the decree of the king-carpenter on January 1. The holiday is emphatically secular, which, by the way, is confirmed by its origin. It also dates back to the times of Ancient Rome. There, for a long time, the coming of the New Year was also timed to coincide with spring. Specifically & mdash; to the Ides of March. However, in 153 BC. e. the date was moved to January 1 & mdash; the day on which the elected consuls took office. Julius Caesar finally approved the date of the New Year, having carried out the corresponding reform: the calendar from 46 BC. e. called Julian. European countries did not immediately switch to it and not everything: it only started with the beginning of an increased interest in the heritage of Antiquity. That is, from the era of the High Renaissance: the first quarter of the 16th century. The Venetian Republic became a pioneer in 1522. Little by little, the Holy Roman Empire, Portugal, Sweden, and Poland followed it … But if someone thinks that Russia is somewhere in the last places in this series, then he is very wrong. In England and Ireland, New Year celebrations on January 1 began more than half a century later than here: in 1752

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Orthodox celebrate the day of Ilya Muromets

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Biden after talking with Putin decided to talk to Zelensky

White House: Biden, after a conversation with Putin, will confirm Zelensky's support for Ukraine During the talks, Biden will discuss data on the increase in the number of Russian troops on the border with Ukraine. The conversation will take place immediately after the talks between Putin and Biden, during which the American president threatened Russia with sanctions

Vladimir Zelensky and Joe Biden

US President Joe Biden will hold talks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. The interview will take place on Sunday, January 2, 2022. This was stated by a representative of the White House, Reuters reports.

Biden will hold the conversation to confirm the support of the sovereignty of Ukraine from the United States, the agency said. Also, the presidents are going to discuss the “ build-up of the Russian military '' on the border with Ukraine and how they can diplomatically resolve the situation in the region, added a White House spokesman.

Later, information about the negotiations was confirmed by Zelensky. On his Twitter account, he wrote that he was looking forward to the talks “impatiently.” The conversation will be devoted to “ coordinating our steps in the name of peace in Ukraine and security in Europe, '' the President of Ukraine added.

Negotiations between Putin and Biden took place on the night of December 30-31. Then the Russian president told the American leader that “ we attach great importance to the negotiations '', but at the same time they “ should not turn into chatter, '' said the assistant to the Russian leader Yuri Ushakov.

< p>During the conversation, Biden made it clear that Washington would go for “ drastic measures '' if Russia launched an invasion of Ukraine, said Jen Psaki, White House spokeswoman. Putin, in turn, said that if the West imposes “ unprecedented sanctions '' on Russia, the result will be a complete break in relations between the two countries. The President of Russia noted that in this case, relations between states would suffer “ the most serious damage, '' Ushakov specified.

In the fall of 2021, several Western media outlets, among them & mdash; Politico, The Washington Post and others have repeatedly published data on the buildup of the number of Russian troops near the borders with Ukraine and on the preparation of an “ invasion ''. Russia to this country. Moscow denied these data, pointing out that it had no such plans. Also in early December, during a video summit with Biden, Putin pointed out that “ NATO is making dangerous attempts to conquer Ukrainian territory. '' and that the North Atlantic Alliance is engaged in building up military potential near the Russian borders.

At the same time, Kiev did not see the threat of a Russian invasion in the near future. This was announced on December 30 by the Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council (NSDC) of Ukraine Oleksiy Danilov. According to him, there are no grounds for the introduction of a state of emergency in the country yet, and the data on the impending “ invasion '' he called “ one of the information attacks on Ukraine, when they are trying to intimidate us with something. ''

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Biden said that he “made it clear to Putin” about the consequences of Ukraine

Biden: I made it clear to Putin that Russia has no right to invade Ukraine During the talks, Biden told Putin that Russia “has no right to invade Ukraine,” and threatened with sanctions, the American president said. In response, Putin warned about the risk of a complete rupture of relations between countries

US President Joe Biden, during a conversation with Russian leader Vladimir Putin, “ made it clear '' that Moscow has no right to invade Ukraine. This was stated by the American leader, retelling his conversation with the Russian president, Reuters reports.

During the talks, Biden told Putin that if Russia invades Ukraine, the West will impose sanctions. “ We will also in this case increase our [military] presence in Europe together with our NATO allies, '' & mdash; added by Biden (quoted by Bloomberg).

Negotiations between Putin and Biden took place the day before, on the night of December 30-31. During the conversation, they also discussed data from Western media that Russia is preparing an “ invasion '' to Ukraine (Politico and The Washington Post, in particular, wrote about the buildup of the military group). During the conversation, Biden warned Putin that if military action were taken against Ukraine, then “ drastic measures '' would follow. The Kremlin, in a report on the conversation, confirmed that the United States had threatened Russia with sanctions. However, Putin told Biden that “ this could lead to a complete breakdown in relations between our countries, '' said Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov.

After talks with Putin, the American president is also scheduled to speak with Ukrainian leader Vladimir Zelensky. On January 2, they are to discuss the 'build-up of Russia's military' on the border with Ukraine and diplomatic methods of resolving the situation, said a White House spokesman.

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Zelensky told about what he is going to talk with Biden

Zelensky: we will coordinate with Biden our steps towards peace in Ukraine

The Presidents of Ukraine and the United States Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Joe Biden will discuss “ our steps towards peace in Ukraine and security in Europe '' during the talks. The Ukrainian leader announced this on his Twitter.

According to him, Ukraine and the United States agreed that there would be “ nothing about Ukraine without Ukraine. '' Zelensky added that he is looking forward to these talks “ with impatience. ''

Earlier, an unnamed White House spokesman announced the planned talks. According to him, Biden is going to discuss at least three topics with Zelensky:

  • to confirm that the United States supports the sovereignty of Ukraine;
  • to discuss the “ build-up of the Russian military ''; on the border with Ukraine;
  • understand how the situation in the region can be resolved using diplomatic methods;

Negotiations Zelensky and Biden will be held a few days after the talks between the American and Russian presidents. During them, Ukrainian topics were also discussed. At the same time, Biden said that if Russia starts a military invasion of Ukraine, then it will have to pay a “ high price '' (quoted by Bloomberg). In particular, Western countries will impose sanctions and increase their military presence in the region.

The Kremlin has confirmed that Biden warned Putin about the possible imposition of sanctions. At the same time, the Russian president said in response that “ this could lead to a complete rupture of relations between our countries. ''

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Macron in New Year’s address warns of “difficult weeks” due to COVID

Macron: the coming weeks will be difficult due to coronavirus In December, France faced two waves of coronavirus at once – “delta” and “omicron”, and on December 25, the number of cases per day exceeded 100 thousand people. At the beginning of January there may already be 250 thousand of them, the authorities warned

The next few weeks will be difficult for France due to a sharp increase in the number of cases of coronavirus. This was announced in a New Year's address by French President Emmanuel Macron, reports Reuters.

“The coming weeks will be difficult, we all know that”, “mdash; said the French president. This growth can be dealt with if people “ behave responsibly, '' he said. “ We will cope with this problem if we follow the same principles as on the first day of the pandemic, '' & mdash; added Macron.

In France on December 29, 174,296 new cases of coronavirus were recorded, follows from the data of the World Health Organization. 281 people died in a day. The total number of cases exceeded 9 million people who died & mdash; 120 thousand

At the same time, France overcame the level of 100 thousand cases per day on December 25. By early January, the number of cases can reach 250 thousand per day, said the head of the French Ministry of Health Olivier Veran. He attributed this to the fact that the country was faced with waves of two strains of coronavirus & mdash; omicron and an increase in delta cases, each requiring a different control measure. Against this background, the Paris authorities were obliged to wear masks in the city, even in the fresh air.

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Zelensky on New Year told when the line will disappear in Donbass

Zelensky: ending the war in Donbass is my main goal In his New Year's address, the Ukrainian president said that his main goal is to end the war in eastern Ukraine. In December, Zelensky allowed a referendum on Donbass

The front in Donbass will disappear when “ we remove the line of demarcation in our heads. '' This was stated by the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy in his New Year's address to the Ukrainians. His appeal was published in his Telegram.

In his congratulations, he said that he would like the neighbors to come “ to visit us '' with “ jellied meat and a bottle, and not with weapons and without knocking. '' “ And so that relatives come. And to come more often. From Donbass, from Crimea. But not to visit, but to ourselves, we returned home, because we are all & mdash; one family. Both Donbass and Crimea '', & mdash; he said.

“ And, unfortunately, we have not yet finished the war in the east of our state. And this is my main goal. This is why I say bye. Because next year will definitely be better! '' & Mdash; he added.

At the beginning of his address, he also indicated that he was going to talk “ not about what was done, but about those who did it. '' Therefore, during his appeal, he mentioned teachers, doctors, athletes, military men, designers and representatives of other professions.

A referendum may be held on the issue of Donbass in Ukraine, Zelensky said in December 2021. “ This is not a question of status. We can have this in life, it can be about Donbass, Crimea, maybe about ending the war in general, '', & mdash; he said.

Also, the Ukrainian president mentioned that another platform for negotiations with Russia may appear in Donbass “ thanks to the United States. '' Zelensky did not rule out the possibility of direct negotiations with Vladimir Putin.

The topic of a possible meeting between Putin and Zelensky in a public field began to be discussed in the spring of 2021. At first, Zelensky suggested organizing it “ anywhere in the Ukrainian Donbass. '' This, he said, was necessary to prevent the escalation of the conflict in the region. The Russian president, in turn, offered to come to Moscow for negotiations. After that Kiev offered to hold a meeting “ anywhere '' and 'anytime'.

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Former US ambassadors demanded from Biden to publish sanctions against Russia

McFaul, Vershbow and other ambassadors demanded from Biden to publish sanctions against Russia. The United States should convey to the Kremlin a “clear idea of ​​the scale” of the sanctions that could be imposed due to the escalation in Ukraine, former ambassadors say. They demanded that these sanctions be made public.

The building of the US Embassy in Russia

Joe Biden should announce the sanctions that the United States will impose against Russia in the event of military action against Ukraine. This was stated by two former US ambassadors to Russia (Michael McFaul and Alexander Vershbow), as well as 22 other American experts and former diplomats, the Associated Press reports.

“ Ideally, the plan for these sanctions should now be brought to information from Moscow so that the Kremlin has a clear idea of ​​the scale of the economic blow that it will face, '' & mdash; says their statement.

Among the signers & mdash; former US ambassadors to Ukraine Stephen Pifer and John Herbst. The rest & mdash; these are former US national security officers and experts on Russia, who, among other things, worked in the administrations of Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, writes Associated Press.

Their statement said the United States, along with NATO member states and Ukraine, must “ take immediate steps '' that could “ affect the Kremlin's calculations '' before Russia decides to “ further military escalation. '' According to ambassadors, diplomats and experts, it is necessary to develop a package of “ serious and painful sanctions '' that will be introduced.

US President Joe Biden raised the topic of sanctions due to possible actions of Russia against Ukraine in negotiations with Vladimir Putin. The conversation took place on the night of December 30-31 & mdash; the leaders spoke on the phone. During it, Biden announced that he was ready to take “ drastic measures '' in the event of a military escalation. At the same time, Washington did not disclose the information about what measures were in question. Biden later repeated that he had warned Putin about the risk of sanctions. He also said that the escalation would lead to an increase in the US military presence in Europe. Other NATO member states will take the same steps, he said.

But Vladimir Putin “ immediately reacted to this by saying that if the West decides to impose these unprecedented sanctions under certain conditions, then all this could lead to a complete rupture of relations between our countries, '' said the assistant to the Russian leader Yuri Ushakov. As it follows from his words, Putin told Biden that in this case, relations between Russia and the United States would be “ seriously damaged. ''

The sanctions in question were threatened by the United States and Western countries after reports of a build-up of Russian troops on the border with Ukraine appeared. Information about this, in particular, was published by the Politico portal and The Washington Post newspaper. In late November, the Pentagon also announced the transfer of Russian troops to the Ukrainian border.

Commenting on these messages, the Kremlin stated that Russia has every right to transfer troops to Russian territory. Also, the presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that those who themselves drove their armed forces from across the ocean speak of unusual military activity. '' “ This is not entirely logical and not entirely decent '', & mdash; he added.

Commenting on reports of the concentration of Russian military equipment in the immediate vicinity of the border with Ukraine, Peskov noted that “ those who themselves drove their armed forces from overseas speak of unusual military activity. '' “ This is not entirely logical and not entirely decent '', & mdash; he added.

In mid-December, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced the proposals that Russia is putting forward to the United States. Among them, in particular, a proposal to legally fix the provision that the former USSR countries will not be admitted to NATO, and military bases of the alliance will not be located on their territory. These guarantees of Russia's security were discussed by Putin and Biden during the conversation. The Kremlin has indicated that Putin has announced that Russia will “ achieve a result in the form of ensuring the guaranteed security of Russia. '' Biden, in turn, “ in principle, agreed with this point of view, '' said aide to the Russian President Yuri Ushakov.

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Aliyev and Pashinyan in New Year’s addresses told how the armies will be strengthened

In Armenia, they will introduce compulsory military training and more actively involve women in the service, while in Azerbaijan they will continue to buy equipment and create a commando detachment. Aliyev and Pashinyan talked about this in their New Year messages

Russian peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh

The armies of Armenia and Azerbaijan will strengthen their armies and carry out military reforms. President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan stated this in New Year's TV addresses to their peoples.

According to the Azerbaijani leader, in 2021, “ new weapons and equipment will be acquired. '' “ I must also note that a new military formation was created in Azerbaijan this year & mdash; Commando Forces & raquo;, & mdash; Aliyev told (quoted by Day.az). This special rapid deployment unit will have a “ great capability '' and will be ready to carry out “ any military mission, '' Aliyev said.

Armenia, according to Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, should “ have a professional army, and more and more women should be involved in it. '' “ In a strategic perspective, urgent military service should change significantly, turning into compulsory military training and periodic exercises, '' & mdash; he reported (quoted from News Armenia).

At the same time, both the Armenian and Azerbaijani leaders stated that they are supporters of the peaceful development of relations. Thus, according to Pashinyan, peace is the “ most reliable way to ensure '' security of the country. Aliyev said he hoped that “ someday we will have good neighborly relations with Armenia. ''

The last time Aliyev and Pashinyan held talks in mid-December. They went to the Eastern Partnership Summit in Brussels with the participation of Charles Michel, President of the European Council. The parties discussed the creation of an economic advisory platform “ to build confidence, promote peaceful coexistence and expand economic cooperation. '' But Aliyev and Pashinyan confirmed that they would fulfill the key obligations they assumed after the end of the war in Karabakh.

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A month earlier, at negotiations in the presence of Vladimir Putin, Pashinyan and Aliyev argued about the implementation these agreements. Thus, the Azerbaijani leader said that all points of the ceasefire agreement, which was concluded in 2020, were fulfilled. Pashinyan objected: “ There is a problem of hostages and other detainees. This is a very important humanitarian issue. ''

The war in Nagorno-Karabakh last took place in the fall of 2020. During major hostilities, both sides suffered losses in manpower and equipment. The war ended with significant territorial concessions, which Armenia made, and Russia brought peacekeepers into the region. In November 2021, the conflict escalated again in the region – & mdash; armored vehicles and artillery were involved in the hostilities.

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The President of Ukraine in the New Year’s greetings named his main goal

PHOTO: president.gov.ua

The end of the war in Donbass is the main goal of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy. He announced this in his New Year's greetings. According to the Ukrainian leader, this year will help to move forward on this issue.

At the same time, the head of state proposed his own way to get rid of the demarcation line in Donbass. We must stop thinking about her. According to Zelensky, the border will disappear on the map when it disappears in the minds of Ukrainian citizens.

The Ukrainian leader recalled that the army reliably protects the country and therefore there is no need to fear the invasion of an external aggressor.

Recall , the military operation in Donbass was launched by the Ukrainian authorities in 2014. In this way they tried to “crush” the self-proclaimed DPR and LPR. Donetsk and Luhansk declared independence after a coup in February 2014. According to the UN, about 13 thousand people have already become victims of the conflict in eastern Ukraine.

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On January 1, up to one degree of heat is expected in Moscow

Cloudy weather and light precipitation in the form of snow and sleet are predicted in the & nbsp; Russian capital on Saturday, January 1, the official & nbsp; website of the & nbsp; Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

, snow adhesion on wires and trees, '' the message says.

During the day, the air temperature in the city will be from minus one degree to one degree Celsius.

West wind with a speed of six up to 11 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure & ndash; 737 millimeters of mercury.

Cloudy weather, sleet and light snow are also forecasted in the capital on Sunday night. Columns of thermometers & nbsp; can go down to & nbsp; mark & ​​nbsp; minus nine degrees.

Northwest wind at a speed of six to 11 meters per second, in some places its gusts can reach 15 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure will be 741 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier & nbsp; leading expert of the Phobos weather center & nbsp; Yevgeny Tishkovets & nbsp; told & nbsp; about the weather in Moscow on New Year's holidays.

Festive decorations for the New Year on the streets of Moscow

Light illumination on Nikitsky Boulevard © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

Young people during a walk in Stoleshnikov Lane © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

LED bear near the Aqueduct park © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Young people in front of the Central Department Store (TSUM) in the center of Moscow © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

New Year's installation at the Evropeyskiy shopping center © RIA Novosti/Ilya Pitalev

New Year tree on Kuznetsky Most street © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

Christmas decoration in the form of a Christmas ball and a Christmas tree on Kutuzovsky Prospect © RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Electric buses, decorated for the New Year with LED garlands, near the Belorussky railway station © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev

Visitors at the exhibition “New Year trees in GUM on Red Square” © RIA Novosti/Alexey Filippov

Installation near the Arc de Triomphe © RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

New Year tree on Manezhnaya Square © RIA Novosti/Ilya Pitalev

New Year's installation at VDNKh © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

New Year's installation on Manezhnaya Square © RIA Novosti/Ilya Pitalev

Festive decorations for the New Year on the streets of Moscow

Light illumination on Nikitsky Boulevard © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

Young people during a walk in Stoleshnikov Lane © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

LED bear near the park “Aqueduct” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Young people opposite the Central Department Store (TSUM) in the center of Moscow © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

New Year's installation near the shopping center “Evropeisky” © RIA Novosti/Ilya Pitalev

New Year tree on Kuznetsky Most street © RIA Novosti/Ramil Sitdikov

Christmas decoration in the form of a Christmas ball and a Christmas tree on Kutuzovsky Prospect © RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

A girl photographs New Year's illumination in the Aqueduct Park © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Electric buses, decorated for the New Year with LED garlands, at the Belorussky railway station © RIA Novosti/Aleksey to Maishev

Visitors at the exhibition “New Year Trees in GUM on Red Square” © RIA Novosti/Alexey Filippov

Installation near the Arc de Triomphe © RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

New Year tree on Manezhnaya Square © RIA Novosti/Ilya Pitalev

New Year's installation at VDNKh © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

New Year's installation on Manezhnaya Square © RIA Novosti/Ilya Pitalev

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For the first time in history, 10 people met the New Year in orbit

For the first time ten people met the New Year in space, seven of them & ndash; aboard the International Space Station, three more & ndash; at the Chinese station “ Tiangong '', according to the website of Roskosmos.

It is specified that Roscosmos cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Peter Dubrov, NASA astronauts Mark Wande Hai, Raja Chari, Tom Marshburn are currently working on board the ISS and Kayla Barron, as well as European Space Agency astronaut Matthias Maurer.

In just 21 years, 83 people celebrated the holiday at the station, some of them several times. So, for example, Russian Anton Shkaplerov celebrated four New Years in orbit & ndash; 2012, 2015, 2018 and 2022.

Earlier it was reported how Russian cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Petr Dubrov cooked in space “ herring under a fur coat '' to decorate the New Year's table.

Источник aif.ru