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The Kremlin commented on the events in Kazakhstan for the first time

Kremlin: the authorities of Kazakhstan did not turn to Russia for help The main thing is that external forces do not interfere in the events in Kazakhstan, the Kremlin believes. The Foreign Ministry assured that it is in contact with all Russian institutions in Kazakhstan

The authorities of Kazakhstan are able to independently cope with the situation in the country, the main thing is & mdash; avoid interference from outside forces. This is how presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov commented on the events in Kazakhstan.

“ We are convinced that our Kazakh friends can independently solve their internal problems, '' & mdash; Peskov answered the question whether the authorities of this country turned to Russia for help (quoted from RIA Novosti).

“ It is important that no one interferes from the outside, '' & mdash; Peskov emphasized.

The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs called for solving Kazakhstan's problems through dialogue instead of street riots. The Foreign Ministry expressed hope for the normalization of the situation in “ a country with which Russia is linked by relations of strategic partnership and alliance, fraternal, human contacts. ''

The department also noted that they keep in touch with their institutions in Kazakhstan. The situation around the diplomatic and consular missions is calm, according to preliminary information, there are no injured Russians, the Foreign Ministry assured.

The reason for the start of mass protests in certain regions of the country on January 2 was the increase in prices for liquefied gas for cars. Since 2022, it has become a fully exchange commodity, in connection with which its price has doubled – & mdash; up to 120 tenge (20 rubles) per liter. After the start of the protests, the authorities lowered prices, but the rallies flared up with renewed vigor, their geography expanded significantly, and the protesters began to put forward political demands.

In large cities of the country, including Almaty, protesters clash with police, demonstrators storm the administrative buildings. In Alma-Ata itself, the akimat (city administration) and the old residence of the president of the country were seized.

By the decree of the President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, a state of emergency was introduced in the capital of the country, Nur-Sultan, which provides for a curfew and a significant restriction of the rights of citizens, including to move around the city. Earlier, in connection with the riots, the authorities imposed a state of emergency and a curfew in Alma-Ata, Alma-Ata and Mangistau regions.

The President of Kazakhstan blamed the incident on the government, which resigned on the morning of January 5. According to Tokayev, the government has failed to contain inflation. He also ordered to introduce regulation of prices for gas, gasoline and diesel for six months, the prices for fuel in the regions for the population should not be higher than at the end of last year.

However, these measures did not defuse the situation, in Alma- In Ata and in a number of large cities of the country, clashes between protesters and law enforcement forces continued, attempts to storm administrative buildings and their arson, pogroms and riots began.

The NetBlocks organization, which monitors the work of the Network, reported that the Internet was turned off throughout Kazakhstan.

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Protesters seized the residence of the President of Kazakhstan in Almaty

The protesters occupied the old residence of the President of Kazakhstan in Almaty. It is located next to the city administration, the building of which the demonstrators also stormed

The demonstrators occupied the residence of the President of Kazakhstan in Almaty, the portal Zakon.kz reported citing eyewitnesses.

In the building a fire started, the correspondent of Sputnik Kazakhstan reports. Information about this agency “ Interfax-Zapad '' confirmed in the fire service.

The Vlast portal reported earlier about the protesters' attempt to break through to the residence. “ Everything around is in smoke, explosions of stun grenades and shots are heard '', & mdash; wrote the edition.

The old residence is located near the building of the city akimat (administration). Protesters earlier also broke into it.

The residence in question is not the main one, but after the transfer of the capital from Almaty, it retained its status. This building is included in the list of monuments of history and culture of Kazakhstan and is subject to state protection. The capital of Kazakhstan is Nur-Sultan, where the main residence of the president is located.

The protests in Kazakhstan have continued since January 2. They began after the price of liquefied gas was sharply increased in the republic. It doubled, from 60 to 120 tenge, or from 10 to 20 rubles. Later, the price was returned to its previous level and the government resigned, but the rallies continued. The protesters moved from economic to political demands.

The protests were accompanied by clashes between demonstrators and security forces. The protesters threw stones, sticks and Molotov cocktails, set fire to police cars and broke windows in administration buildings. The security forces dispersed them using flash-noise grenades.

Against the background of the unrest, the President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev introduced a state of emergency in Alma-Ata, Nur-Sultan, Mangistau and Alma-Ata regions, which temporarily prohibits the sale of weapons and allows law enforcement officers to carry out body searches and searches of vehicles. These regions also have a curfew.

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Explosions were heard near the Akimat building of Aktobe surrounded by protesters

At the entrance to the city administration building, which is being stormed by protesters, several explosions occurred in a short period of time

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Several explosions occurred near the administration building of the Kazakh city of Aktobe (formerly Aktobe), which was surrounded protesters. This can be seen in the footage taken near the administration building. Data about the victims has not yet been reported, what exactly exploded is also unknown.

Previously, law enforcement forces used flash-noise grenades against protesters in Aktobe, as a result of which one person was injured. reported by ZTB.

Mass protests in Kazakhstan began after the rise in prices for liquefied gas for cars & mdash; since 2022, this product has become completely exchange-traded and the state has removed itself from regulating prices for it. On January 2, the centers of protests were the cities of Zhanaozen and Aktau of the Mangistau region. The protesters were outraged by the rise in prices from 60 to 120 tenge (from 10 to 20 rubles) per liter, which the Ministry of Energy explained by the increase in consumption at the same level of production.

The government promised to reduce the price, the owners of the gas stations reported that they had lowered it, but the protests did not stop, but, on the contrary, spread to new regions of the country. The resignation of the government, announced by President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev on January 5, did not calm the protesters.

Riots and clashes continue in many cities of the country, protesters are storming administrative and state buildings. In Alma-Ata, they seized the city administration building and the old residence of the President of Kazakhstan. The residence is not the main one, but after the transfer of the capital from Almaty it retained its status. This building is included in the list of monuments of history and culture of Kazakhstan and is subject to state protection. The capital of Kazakhstan is Nur-Sultan, there is also the main residence of the president.

In four regions of the country, including the capital Nur-Sultan, the authorities have introduced a state of emergency, a curfew has been declared, freedom of assembly and movement, other restrictions have been introduced.

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Internet was turned off all over Kazakhstan

The Internet in Kazakhstan was turned off amid massive protests that began after a sharp increase in prices for liquefied gas. Media portals and websites of a number of government agencies do not work in the country

The Internet was turned off throughout Kazakhstan, it follows from the data of the NetBlocks organization that monitors the operation of the Network.

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It recalled that problems with access to the Internet in the republic began the day before, on January 4. In the second half of January 5, this outage “ escalated into a network outage across the country, '' NetBlocks said.

the work of the mobile Internet and partial restrictions. This is likely to severely limit coverage of the growing anti-government protests, '' & mdash; stated in the organization.

RBC sent a request to Kazakhtelecom JSC.

The fact that the Internet was turned off in Kazakhstan was also reported by the KazTAG agency. In particular, it is not possible to visit the pages of such media as zakon.kz, tengrinews.kz and vlast.kz. Sputnik Kazakhstan website also doesn't work. “ The work of the portal has been suspended due to the lack of the Internet '', & mdash; reported in the Telegram agency.

The websites of the president and the government of Kazakhstan, as well as the Ministry of Internal Affairs and a number of other state agencies, are also inaccessible.

The Internet in Kazakhstan was turned off amid mass protests. They began after a sharp increase in the price of liquefied gas. Subsequently, the protesters put forward a number of political demands.

The rallies were accompanied by clashes with the security forces. Protesters stormed the administration buildings and the old presidential residence in Almaty. A state of emergency has been introduced in the city, as well as in the capital Nur-Sultan, Alma-Ata and Mangistau regions. On the morning of January 5, the government of the republic resigned.

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The President of Kazakhstan will deliver an address to the nation

The Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan announced Tokayev's address to the nation The President's address will be shown on republican TV channels, Tokayev will speak with him in the near future. Earlier, against the background of protests in the republic, the Internet was turned off

President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev will address the population amid protests that began after the rise in prices for liquefied gas. The Orda.kz portal was informed about this by the press service of the presidential administration.

According to the portal, Tokayev's appeal will be shown on republican TV channels. The president will speak with him in the near future.

In four regions of Kazakhstan & mdash; Nur-Sultan, Alma-Ata, Alma-Ata and Mangistau regions have previously introduced a state of emergency. It provides for a ban on the sale of weapons, restriction of freedom of movement, a special regime for the circulation of drugs and alcohol, as well as bans on strikes and public events.

In the republic, the protest actions that have begun after a sharp rise in the price of automobile gas. Later, the protesters turned to political demands and stormed the buildings of city administrations in Alma-Ata and Aktobe, and also seized the old residence of the president.

Amid the unrest in Kazakhstan, the Internet was turned off. The sites of local media and government bodies turned out to be inaccessible.

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Tokayev announced the dismissal of Nursultan Nazarbayev

Tokayev headed the Security Council of Kazakhstan, removing Nazarbayev from this post. This position has been the main one for the former president since 2019

Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev

The President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, in an address to the nation, which was shown by the country's central television channels, said that he would head the Republic's Security Council. Previously, this position was held by former President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

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According to Tokayev, the measures taken against the background of mass protests are not enough. The President believes that behind the riots are “ financially motivated conspirators '' who have a “ carefully thought out plan. ''

“ Therefore, as the head of state and from today on, the chairman of the Security Council intends to act as tough as possible, '' & mdash; Tokayev stated.

He also denied the information about his flight. “ Whatever it is, I will be in the capital. & lt; … & gt; Soon I will come up with new proposals for the political transformation of Kazakhstan. I remain on the same position of consistent reforms '', & mdash; said the president.

Nazarbayev headed the Security Council in the status of president for almost 30 years, in 2019, when he left the post of head of state, the post of chairman of the Security Council became his main one. “ This was the last position where Nazarbayev had a non-representative function … Now, from a formal point of view, we can say that Tokayev has full power in the key structures of Kazakhstan '', & mdash; said RBC expert, director of the Information and Analytical Center for the Study of Social and Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Space of Moscow State University Daria Chizhova.

In November 2021, Nazarbayev left the post of chairman of the ruling Nur Otan party, and in April of the same year, & mdash; the post of chairman of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan.

The Security Council of Kazakhstan & mdash; consultative and advisory body. He is engaged in planning, reviewing and assessing the implementation of the main directions of state policy in the field of national security, strengthening the country's defense, ensuring the rule of law and law and order. In particular, in order to ensure national security, the Security Council coordinates the work of power structures, central and local executive bodies, law enforcement and special state bodies.

Nazarbayev & mdash; the first president of Kazakhstan. He has held the post of leader of the country since 1990. In March 2019, Nazarbayev resigned, after which early elections were held in the republic. Tokayev won them. Over the years, he served as Prime Minister, Foreign Minister and Chairman of the Senate of the Parliament of Kazakhstan.

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Tokayev addressed the nation and announced the resignation of Nazarbayev. Video

Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, in his address to the nation, announced the actual dismissal of the country's first president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, from the post of chairman of the Security Council. He promised to toughly deal with the unrest in the country

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Demolition of the monument to Nazarbayev has begun in Kazakhstan. Video

Protesters in the Alma-Ata region decided to demolish a monument to Nazarbayev. Since 2016, he has stood on the alley of state symbols next to the central square of the city. Today Tokayev headed the Security Council of the republic, having removed Nazarbayev from this post

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Cashless payments stopped working in Kazakhstan

Residents of Kazakhstan began to withdraw cash in large quantities, queues lined up at the ATMs. Earlier, the Internet was turned off in the republic, as a result of which payment by cards and through mobile applications stopped working

Almaty, Kazakhstan

Against the background of the Internet shutdown in Kazakhstan, non-cash payments stopped working, and therefore residents began to withdraw money en masse ATMs, Sputnik Kazakhstan reported.

The fact that acquiring and mobile payment applications do not work in the country is also reported by Roskomsvoboda. According to her, queues were lined up at the ATMs.

At the same time, according to Zakon.kz, residents of Alma-Ata complained in the morning that they could not withdraw cash from ATMs. “ Grocery and convenience stores only accept cash payments. Some grocery delivery services have suspended operations & raquo;, & mdash; writes the edition.

Video

According to the portal, it is impossible to call a taxi in the city. Private traders also ask for payment in cash.

At the same time, on the morning of January 5, the Agency of Kazakhstan for the Regulation and Development of the Financial Market and the National Bank of the Republic reported that all financial organizations are working as usual. The authorities claim that temporary disruptions in the operation of banking applications and payment terminals are associated with general network outages, Orda.kz writes.

Problems with access to the Internet in Kazakhstan began the day before, on January 4. For the fourth day in the country, the protests caused by the rise in prices for liquefied gas continue.

In the second half of January 5, the Internet in the country was completely turned off. In this regard, the sites of local media and government agencies turned out to be unavailable.

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Protesters seized Almaty airport

Protesters have seized the largest airport in Kazakhstan. After that, airlines began to cancel flights to Almaty

The demonstrators seized the airport of Almaty, with reference to the press service of the airport, the portal Orda.kz reported.

According to preliminary data, there are about 45 protesters. With their arrival, the staff left the airport. There were no passengers in the terminal, they were evacuated in advance.

“ They were taken out through the 11th gate. Just at that moment the plane arrived. The military left the airport, but we do not know when they left. They are not there now. Airport employees evacuated passengers on their own, '' & mdash; told the press service of the airport.

RBC sent a request to Almaty airport.

Almaty airport & mdash; the largest in Kazakhstan. According to Flightradar24, the Air Astana flight from Nur-Sultun turned around and went to the waiting area. Another plane of the same carrier from Antalya instead of Almaty landed in Chimkent.

The flight from Kostanay was also delayed, the plane did not land. Air Astana flights from Almaty to Aktau and Nur-Sultan were canceled. A few hours earlier, Air Astana had asked on its Facebook page “ in connection with the current situation in Kazakhstan '' go to the airport in advance and check the status of the flight on the official website.

Aeroflot, in turn, canceled the evening flight from Moscow to Almaty. The plane was supposed to take off at 20:55 and land at 8:20 in the morning. In the Belarusian airline Belavia informed passengers flying to or from Kazakhstan that they can change the departure date at no additional cost.

Due to the situation in Almaty, flights there were also suspended by the Kuwaiti airline Jazeera Airways.

International flights from Almaty are also not carried out. At 21:25 local time (18:25 Moscow time), a Qatar Airways plane was supposed to fly to Hong Kong, but this did not happen.

In addition, the third largest Kazakhstan airport does not send or receive flights – ; Aktau, according to Flightradar24 data.

Mass protests in Kazakhstan continue for the fourth day. The reason was a sharp rise in prices for liquefied gas, after the abolition of which the participants put forward political demands.

In Almaty, demonstrators seized the city administration building and the old presidential residence. The protests were accompanied by clashes with security officials. The protesters threw stones, broke the windows of government offices, set fire to police cars and looted the warehouses of an arms store. Law enforcers dispersed the crowd with flash bangs.

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The authorities declared a state of emergency in Kazakhstan

The state of emergency now operates throughout Kazakhstan. Prior to that, it was introduced in four regions, including the capital Nur-Sultan. The authorities took such a step against the background of protests that have not subsided for the fourth day

A state of emergency was introduced throughout Kazakhstan, Sputnik Kazakhstan reported; and Informburo.

The state of emergency provides for restrictions on movement, a ban on mass gatherings and strikes, and also allows law enforcement officers to conduct personal searches of citizens and inspect cars.

In addition to this, during the state of emergency, the sale of weapons is prohibited, and a special regime is established for the sale of drugs and narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and alcohol.

Against the background of mass protests, the authorities previously introduced a state of emergency in four regions of the country & mdash; first in Alma-Ata and Mangystau region, and then in Alma-Ata region and the capital Nur-Sultan.

The protests in Kazakhstan continue for the fourth day. The reason was the sharp rise in prices for liquefied gas. It was brought about by the fact that on January 1, Kazakhstan switched to the sale of fuel through the exchange, abandoning manual cost regulation. As a result, they began to sell liquefied gas at 120 tenge instead of 60.

Later, the authorities promised to reduce prices and decided to postpone the transition to trading on electronic platforms. President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev dismissed the government. However, the rallies continued: the protesters began to put forward not economic, but political demands, including demanding that the former president of the republic, Nursultan Nazarbayev, leave politics.

The current president of the country, Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, in turn, said that behind the protests are 'financially motivated conspirators' who have a 'well thought out plan'. In connection with the ongoing unrest, he announced that he would act “ as tough as possible. ''

On January 5, Tokayev became the head of the Security Council of Kazakhstan, removing Nazarbayev from his post. He also promised that he would soon come up with “ new proposals for political transformation '' Republic.

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US extends sanctions against Bosnian Serb leader Dodik

The USA imposed sanctions against the TV company “Alternative TV”. The American Ministry of Finance believes that Dodik personally controls it, promoting his own agenda. The politician himself called the new restrictions meaningless

Milorad Dodik

The US Treasury has imposed sanctions against the television company Alternative TV, associated with the former president of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the current member of the Serb Presidium Milorad Dodik, the ministry's press service said.

According to the American authorities, Alternative TV belongs to a company 'closely related to the Dodik family'. The TV company, in turn, is under “ personal control '' a politician who uses it to advance “ his own agenda, which includes denigrating other politicians, improving his own image, and promoting personal and political goals. ''

The US added the broadcaster to the SDN sanctions list. It provides for a freeze on assets and property in the United States, as well as a ban on US citizens from doing business with members of the list.

Dodik himself has been under US sanctions since 2017. The United States believes that he poses a serious threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina '' by obstructing the implementation of the Dayton Accords, which ended the civil war.

Now the sanctions against Dodik have been expanded as he “ continues to destabilize activities. abuses his powers, is associated with large-scale corruption that undermines the state institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, '' the US Treasury explained.

Dodik himself called the US decision to impose new sanctions senseless. “ At first they said that I had violated the Dayton Accords. Now I am accused of corruption, although neither in Bosnia and Herzegovina, nor in the world, such a criminal case has not been initiated against me, '', & mdash; he told RTRS. Dodik added that he does not question the constitutional order in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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The United States said it did not plan to respond to Russia’s proposals “point by point”

Jen Psaki

​​The United States does not plan to` `point by point ''; respond to Russia's proposals for security guarantees, including because “ many of them don't deserve it, '' White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said at a briefing.

“ There are a number of proposals that Russia has already put forward and for which she spoke. [US] President Joe Biden has made it clear that we can make progress on some issues while others are not sustainable. We do not answer them point by point and do not plan to do so in the upcoming negotiations, because, based on our experience, we do not negotiate publicly and because many proposals do not deserve such an answer, '', '' mdash; said Psaki.

The material is being added.

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Nazarbayev was thrown off the pedestal: the first results of the protests in Kazakhstan

And how they will affect Russia Mass actions and clashes continue throughout the country, control over the former capital passed into the hands of protesters, in Nur-Sultan, the power of President Tokayev increased. Why these events became possible, RBK figured out

How events developed

The protests began on January 2 in Zhanaozen, a city in the Mangistau region in western Kazakhstan. The reason for them was the two-fold increase in the price of gas for cars since the beginning of the year & mdash; from 60 to 120 tenge (from 10 to 20 rubles) per liter, caused by the introduction of exchange pricing for liquefied gas. Quite quickly, Aktau, the capital of the region, and then other cities joined the protests, and the demands from the economic (to cancel the decision on gas) turned into political & mdash; resignation of the government.

The protests fell on the weekend announced in connection with the celebration of the new year, & mdash; January 5 was the first working day in Kazakhstan. On the morning of January 5, the country's President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev (took office in March 2019) announced the abandonment of the market gas pricing mechanism for at least six months and fulfilled another demand of the protesters & mdash; dismissed the government. In addition to declaring a state of emergency, the authorities have turned off the Internet throughout the country.

By January 5, protests were taking place in Aktobe (formerly Aktyubinsk), Karaganda, Uralsk, Taldykorgan, Kyzylorda, Shymkent, the capital Nur-Sultan. In some cities, crowds chanted “ Shal, ket '' (“ Grandfather, go away ''), meaning the country's first president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, in Taldykorgan on Wednesday dropped a monument to him from the pedestal. The state of emergency was first introduced in Alma-Ata, Alma-Ata and Mangistau regions, Nur-Sultan, and at the end of the day on January 5 it was spread throughout the country.

By the evening of January 5, the former capital of the country and its largest city with a population of almost 2 million people was effectively under the rule of protesters. During the day they set fire to the buildings of the local administration and the prosecutor's office, looted the former residence of the president, and in the evening they seized the local airport. In total, more than 500 civilians were beaten in the city, according to the commandant Kanat Taymerdenov. On the night of January 5, he said, over 120 vehicles were burned, including 33 police cars, ambulances. and firefighters. 120 stores, 180 catering establishments, about 100 offices were destroyed and looted.

How President Tokayev became stronger

On the evening of January 5, Tokayev made his second address to fellow citizens in a day. He promised to act as “ as tough as possible '' and announced a new measure needed to protect the “ safety and peace of our citizens '' & mdash; headed the Security Council. Until that day, it was led by Nursultan Nazarbayev, who bears the title of national leader. By law, the post of chairman of the Security Council was assigned to Nazarbayev for life. This power structure allowed Kazakhstan to begin the transit of power two years ago. However, experts noted its imbalance, which they saw as the reasons for the current protests. “ Disorientation of the state apparatus, especially of its top echelon, and the maneuvering of high-ranking officials between Akorda (the president's residence) or the 'Library' (Nazarbayev's office. & mdash; RBC) had a negative impact on all spheres of life of Kazakhstani society and the state. This was especially evident in 2020 at the peak of the pandemic '', & mdash; the Kazakh political scientist Andrei Chebotarev drew attention.

The post of the head of the Security Council was the last one where Nazarbayev had a non-representative function. “ Now, from a formal point of view, we can say that Tokayev has full power in the key structures of Kazakhstan, '' & mdash; Daria Chizhova, director of the Information and Analytical Center for the Study of Social and Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Space of Moscow State University, told RBC.

To the post of Prime Minister Tokayev, instead of Askar Mamin, who had received a post under Nazarbayev, appointed Alikhan Smailov, with whom he had worked together for a long time. In 2003, he was Tokayev's deputy, who then headed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan.

Who can be behind the protests

Most of the experts interviewed by RBC are not inclined to consider the protests organized by some one political force or figure.

'Protests' it is a continuation of the systemic discontent and fatigue of the Kazakh society. That is why it is so difficult now to stop the protest wave & mdash; there are no uniform requirements, one dissatisfaction '', & mdash; said Daria Chizhova. According to her, throughout 2021, sociologists recorded alarming post-pandemic effects. Tough quarantine measures have led to changes in the structure of the population's income & mdash; the most threatened is the middle class, whose share has plummeted; followed by a sharp increase in consumer debt, and the share of Kazakhstanis who believe that they have the prospect of improving the economic situation fell to 30% (against 50% in 2019, for example), the expert describes the situation. Among the protesters & mdash; there are many middle-aged men providing for their families and facing soaring fuel prices, opposition politician Serikzhan Mambetalin said. Moreover, gas cars are extremely popular, especially in the western part of the country, where the protests began.

Outwardly, events in Kazakhstan resemble a 'merciless riot,' said Central Asia expert Arkady Dubnov. “ And that's the big problem in terms of the impact of these protests. In terms of resuming a real political dialogue that could satisfy the essence of these protests, '' & mdash; the expert notes. What is happening & mdash; A clear example of what the absence of real political opposition leads to in a country that has either been expelled from the country, is in prison, or has been deprived of any political representation, Dubnov added.

The protest has exclusively internal reasons and is not organized by anyone, the opposition leader Mambetalin is sure. Two years ago, citizens gave Tokayev carte blanche, accepting the results of the presidential elections, he says, but in two years he was unable to prove his independence and launch reforms & mdash; he did not appoint a single minister, not a single new akim; Nazarbayev's people remained in power. At the same time, the political opposition was almost completely destroyed, the politician continues.

Some activists and politicians remain outside and inside Kazakhstan, who are traditionally named among those who may be interested in a change of government in the country. It cannot be said categorically that the protest does not even have hidden leaders, Dubnov notes. There is Mukhtar Ablyazov, a fugitive oligarch and a former representative of the ruling elite, who repeatedly took people to the streets (he still calls for protests on his social networks). The expert calls the former Prime Minister Akezhan Kazhegeldin, who has been living in London for the last 20 years, as another interested person.

“ Of course, I participate, '' & mdash; Mukhtar Ablyazov told RBC. This participation, he explained, lies in the many years of opposition activity, and the fact that people have now taken to the streets & mdash; it is the result of tireless campaigning work.

Who benefits from the protest

“ The government, in particular, the Ministry of Energy, as well as Kazmaknaigaz companies are especially to blame for allowing a protest situation in connection with the increase in prices for liquefied gas. and & laquo; Kazakgaz & raquo;, & mdash; Tokayev said. 90% of the company's shares are managed by JSC Kazakhstani Holding for State Assets Management Samruk-Kazyna, another 10% of KMG's shares belong to the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Samruk-Kazyna Management Council headed by Nazarbayev. Through this foundation, he continues to oversee Command Heights. in the economy, said Alexei Makarkin, an expert at the Center for Political Technologies.

In this particular case, the struggle of oligarchic clans is not visible, Stanislav Pritchin, a senior researcher at the Center for Post-Soviet Studies of the IMEMO RAS, is sure: there are only four refineries in the country, there is no competition within Kazakhstan among them. The decision to raise the price, most likely, was made with the participation of the state, but there was either an underestimation of the influence or an attempt to artificially provoke a crisis, because the authorities immediately played back when a protest appeared, Pritchin continues. If we consider the decision to raise the price as a provocative step, then Tokayev should be recognized as its main beneficiary, who, as a result of the events, headed the Security Council, the expert notes. However, if we accept as a version that the protest is man-made, then it is clearly out of control, as evidenced by the events in Alma-Ata. So for now, the development of two tracks & mdash; the track to the strengthening of Tokayev and the track to the collapse of statehood, Pritchin sums up.

There is no outside influence on the protest, politician Mambetalen is sure. Foreign embassies and the foreign press are actively working in Kazakhstan, but in general, a rather tough regime was created for the work of Western non-governmental organizations, there has never been and never is in Kazakhstan such a regime as in Georgia, Ukraine or Kyrgyzstan, expert Pritchin notes. For coordination, the protesters used both Western platforms like WhatsApp and Telegram, created in Russia.

What events in Kazakhstan mean for Russia

At the end of the year, both leaders of Kazakhstan visited St. Petersburg for an informal meeting of the heads of the CIS and held talks with Vladimir Putin. And if the Kremlin gave a short message about the meeting with Tokayev about the agreement reached on his visit to Russia at the beginning of the year, then the content of the conversation with Nazarbayev was set out in detail. “We have built a special relationship with you. I hope that it will continue this way under the new president, because we are neighbors, given by God to each other, and we cannot move away from this, it is in mutual interests, '', & mdash; Nazarbayev spoke to Putin at this meeting.

“ Kazakhstan & mdash; the most important link in the integration processes with the participation of Russia (EAEU and CSTO), so instability in this country can play into the hands of its opponents, '' & mdash; points out the Kyrgyz expert, co-chairman of the club of regional experts “ Pikir '' Igor Shestakov.

The Russian authorities have at least two reasons for tension in connection with the events in Kazakhstan, says Russian political analyst Konstantin Kalachev. The first is related to the “ projection of events onto oneself '' & mdash; the possibility of a social crisis escalating into a political one, the risks of a split among the elites, the hypothetical disloyalty of the representatives of the super-elite grown by the national leader, external influence & mdash; All this cannot but worry the Kremlin, given the fact that the two states have something in common both in the economy and in politics. The second cause for concern & mdash; the topic of Russians in Kazakhstan, whose position may worsen in the event of a change of power, continues Kalachev.

“ Unrest in Kazakhstan & mdash; a negative development of events for the Russian authorities, especially since many aspects (for example, a drop in living standards) are commensurate with Russia. And although a viral protest in Russia cannot create this, the overall situation is unpleasant, '', & mdash; political scientist Mikhail Vinogradov agrees. Another consequence may be the recognition of the undesirable Kazakhstani option for the transit of power, Vinogradov says.

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Источник rbc.ru

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The first Kazakh cosmonaut Aubakirov called for the CSTO troops to enter the country

The first Kazakh cosmonaut Toktar Aubakirov. Photo: Still from the video.

The first Kazakh cosmonaut, 75-year-old Toktar Aubakirov, called for the CSTO troops to be sent to Kazakhstan amid ongoing unrest.

“If we in Kazakhstan do not have enough of our forces to suppress … let's resort to the help of those with whom we have concluded the agreement … of the CSTO, “he said live on the state television channel Khabar 24.

We remind you that protests have intensified in many cities of Kazakhstan today. In Alma-Ata, protesters seized administrative buildings, ransacked the offices of TV channels, began to seize weapons in gun shops, and attack security forces.

Источник www.mk.ru