Why are there no fences in the USA like in Russia?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 01-02. Why did Kazakhstan burst into flames? 12/01/2022

Relatives from the USA are surprised by our fences every time, because they don't build fences in front of their houses across the ocean. Why such a difference?

Expert answer 0 + –

“In our country, this is a consequence of the Soviet period of history, when everything in the countryside was so“ socialized ”that people really wanted to at least somehow isolate their personal space. This became especially evident when dacha associations, cooperatives, etc., appeared en masse, – Yury Shchegolkov, Director of the Foundation for the Development of Small Historical Towns, explained to AIF . – But sometimes they become the reason for a showdown between neighbors, when the sun blocks the fence for someone. So high fences are still not a tradition with us. Exception – monumental fences in the North Caucasus, where really  «my house– my fortress.

As for the States, Protestant traditions are strong there, where it is not customary to fence off other members of the community. Compare, for example, with Spain, where the majority are Catholics and there are fences. Plus, in the USA, a fence, even on your own land, must be coordinated with the local administration, add to this the considerable price of the fence itself. So it turns out that it is easier to do without it.



“Vector” evaluated the survivability of “omicron” on various surfaces

Plot The spread of a new strain of coronavirus “omicron”

Specialists of SSC “Vector” reported that the ability of the strain of coronavirus “omicron” to infection over time on various surfaces decreases, RIA Novosti reports.

It is reported that scientists conducted a series of experiments to determine the viability of the virus on metal, plastic, ceramic tiles and in distilled water. The experiments were carried out at relative air humidity (30—40%) and temperature (26—28 degrees)

"It has been established that the virus is most quickly inactivated on — a viable virus ceases to be detected in less than 24 hours,” “mdash; clarified in the center.

Earlier, WHO representative in Russia Melita Vujnovic said that the omicron variant of the coronavirus less dangerous than previous strains of this infection.

However, Vujnovic stressed that the coronavirus causes a very serious illness. She added that currently Russia is still at the peak of the epidemic, despite the reduced lethality of the Omicron strain.



Snow, icy conditions and up to minus three degrees are expected in Moscow on Monday

Cloudy weather, snow, sleet and some snowstorms are expected in Moscow on Monday, January 17, the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

According to meteorologists, during the day the air temperature in the capital will be one to three degrees below zero. On Tuesday night, temperatures in the city may drop to minus four.

In the Moscow region, it is expected to be from minus one to minus six degrees during the day. At night, the temperature in the region can drop to minus seven.

The wind is south and southwest with gusts of up to 17 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure will be 727 millimeters of mercury.

Due to strong winds and black ice, a yellow level of weather danger has been declared in the region.

Earlier, the head of the laboratory of the Hydrometeorological Center, Lyudmila Parshina, said that February in most regions the European part of Russia is expected to be warmer than usual.



Vilfand: Russians should not count on Epiphany frosts

Epiphany frosts are not predicted in any region of the Russian Federation, the only exception will be the northern part of Chukotka, Roman Vilfand, scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia, told TASS.

The scientist also said that researchers doubt the very phenomenon of “Epiphany frosts”. Long-term observations do not confirm the “failure” temperatures during this period in any region of the country, explained Vilfand. According to him, this year on January 18-19, 80 percent of the country's territory, with the exception of the north of Chukotka, “will occupy a temperature class above the norm.”

The scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center emphasized that global warming does not affect these indicators – even before its discovery, specialists could not detect Epiphany frosts in any part of the country.

Earlier, the therapist told who should not engage in winter swimming. 

Meanwhile,  in Russia, it was admitted that citizens living in regions with permafrost can be relocated to more comfortable regions if living conditions deteriorate sharply there due to climate change. 



In the LPR, they reported the shelling of the village of Molodyozhnoye by the Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ukrainian security forces fired on the territory of the self-proclaimed Lugansk People's Republic, RIA Novosti writes with reference to the LPR representative office in the Joint Center for Control and Coordination of the Ceasefire Regime (JCCC).

In total during days, one violation of the ceasefire regime was recorded by the armed formations of Ukraine, the officer of the LPR representation in the JCCC noted. a grenade launcher and a heavy machine gun.

Earlier, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said that Russia is strongly opposed to a military solution to the Donbass problem, which, according to him, is “a road to nowhere.”

January 11, in the self-proclaimed DPR, they announced the shelling of the village by Ukrainian security forces. The representative office of the republic in the JCCC reported that the fire was from grenade launchers.



What kind of prayer “for those obsessed with computer passion” was the ROC?

In 2021, the Synodal Liturgical Commission of the Russian Orthodox Church compiled a prayer chant “for those obsessed with computer passion.” This prayer service was sent for consideration by the Holy Synod, according to the official website of the Petrozavodsk and Karelian diocese.

Why did you make up such a prayer?

According to Vakhtang Kipshidze, head of the synodal department for relations between the Church, society and the media, gambling — this is a serious addiction that requires spiritual help.

“The problem of gambling addiction, that is, a painful addiction to computer games, is not denied by anyone. Everyone is well aware that the obsession with computer games as a negative phenomenon does not raise any doubts. Overcoming any addiction: drug, alcohol or any other that exists in today's society requires spiritual efforts. Including prayer support for those who consider themselves believers. And the presence of prayer for people with such an addiction is not superfluous at all, — Kipshidze told the Sekret Firmy publication.

What other liturgical texts were compiled in the Russian Orthodox Church?

In 2021, the Synodal Liturgical Commission edited and compiled 39 services and rites (a consistent combination of prayers, chants and actions, the totality of which makes up a specific divine service). In particular, she submitted several prayer songs for consideration by the Holy Synod: before starting her studies in institutions for adults, before passing exams, on the occasion of finding a job. The commission also compiled special prayers intended for use as part of a prayer of thanksgiving on the occasion of graduation from school, completion of studies at a higher educational institution, and a successful surgical operation.

What does the Synodal Liturgical Commission do?

The Synodal Liturgical Commission — is a collegiate body under the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia and the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, established in 1989. Its chairman is Metropolitan of Petrozavodsk and Karelian Konstantin. The tasks of the commission, in particular, include compiling new and editing existing liturgical texts and rites, as well as conducting an examination of such texts.

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Aquaponics. How to support an environmentally friendly method of agricultural production?

In recent years, the interest of agricultural producers in a high-tech method of co-cultivation of plants and fish has been growing. Stimulate its dissemination author of "20 Ideas for the Development of Russia" Dmitry Davydovoffers preferential tax treatment.

New — this is a well-forgotten old

Aquaponics today is commonly called an innovative technology that combines the best achievements of aquaculture (growing fish in artificial reservoirs) and hydroponics (cultivating plants in a special nutrient solution without soil). At the heart of — the use of fish waste processed by bacteria as food for plants. The latter, in turn, purify the water for the fish. Thus, a symbiosis of three natural elements and a closed production cycle are formed.

However, the joint cultivation of fish and plants has been practiced since time immemorial in the water trenches of Babylon, in the rice fields of Southeast Asia. It was also known to the Aztecs. But only in the 21st century did aquaponics become a high-tech branch of agriculture, especially popular where there is not enough water and not very fertile soil.

The aquaponic system includes a fish tank, a culture of nitrifying bacteria necessary to decompose ammonia into plant-available nitrates, a thermostatically controlled heater to maintain a constant temperature in the fish tank, an aerator or oxygenator to enrich the water with oxygen, equipment to adjust the pH level in water, a pump for supplying water to plants and, accordingly, fish with plants.

Modern aquaponic farms grow almost all types of greens, Chinese cabbage, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, melons, strawberries, legumes and even cut flowers. And from aquatic animals, preference is given to tilapia, trout, sturgeon, carp, eel, catfish, as well as freshwater crayfish, shrimps and mussels. 

There are clearly more advantages

The advantages of aquaponics compared to traditional agriculture are quite obvious to its supporters. Water consumption is reduced by 85-90%, and production per square meter is 8 times more.

There is no need to use artificial fertilizers for plants and hormones for fish, which makes the products environmentally friendly. And it is especially important for entrepreneurs to have year-round production in any climatic conditions.

In addition, aquaponic farms can be built near cities and rural settlements, providing quality products to any regions of Russia, even the most remote ones, while reducing logistics costs.


Well, the direct benefit for consumers lies in the delivery of fresh products in a short time and, accordingly, in a healthy diet.

It is fair to call this agribusiness science-intensive. To achieve success in it, you need to master the skills of a plant grower and fish farmer, a technologist and engineer, and an ecologist. Here, the quality control of the aquatic environment, its acid-base balance, temperature and electrical conductivity, as well as the competent selection of fish food and the timely removal of its residues, play an important role.

There are few risks in business. For example, this is a pump blockage or electrical equipment failure. In general, this is a promising business, as both foreign experience and the first domestic examples show. & nbsp;

The future belongs to the “green” technologies

Aquaponics farming is gaining momentum in Holland, Denmark, Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland, New Zealand. But the top 10 world leaders include 8 companies from the United States, one each from Japan and Australia. They are engaged in the study of methods to improve efficiency in aquaponics, production and installation of equipment, consulting and training.

Due to the growing demand for quality food, the global market for aquaponics products is expected to grow rapidly. Its volume in 2025 will amount to 1.4 billion dollars. Will Russia occupy any niche in this market?

We recognize that in our country aquaponics as a direction of agriculture is just emerging. The first farms appeared in the mid-2010s in the Astrakhan region. Now a fairly large aqua farm is under construction in the Krasnodar Territory. At the same time, the number of enthusiasts using aquaponics in home gardens is growing.  

The introduction of preferential taxation will contribute to the scaling of this innovative direction in the agricultural sector of the economy. So, the author of the project “20 ideas for the development of Russia” Dmitry Davydov proposes to establish maximum tax incentives for companies that are engaged in research and development of aquaponics technology, production, installation and maintenance of equipment for aquaponic farms.

This will stimulate the dissemination of new knowledge and the development of environmentally friendly technology by domestic agricultural producers. The high demand for fresh organic vegetables, herbs and fish will quickly offset the cost of setting up aquaponic farms and provide sustainable profits for local producers in the future.

State support for aquaponics technologies will not only revive entrepreneurial activity in agriculture, but also make quality food more accessible to citizens. All this will have a positive impact on the environment and public health in the foreseeable future due to saving water and eliminating the use of chemicals in production.

Due to the growing global problem of hunger and access to quality food due to the COVID-19 pandemic The United Nations hosted the 2021 Food Systems Summit. One of the five strategic directions for tackling the food crisis was the development of environmentally friendly food production methods. The scientific group of the summit, studying this direction, recommended to pay special attention to the “green” technologies that use the effect of symbiosis and mutual biostimulation of species produced in terrestrial and aquatic resources. Scientists noted that such systems do not need chemical fertilizers, increase yields and have a much less environmental impact.



Peskov appreciated the possibility of deploying Russian troops in Cuba and Venezuela

Peskov on the deployment of troops in Cuba: Russia is thinking about how to ensure its security Against the backdrop of “intensifying tensions,” Moscow is thinking about its security and is considering different scenarios, Peskov said. Previously, a Biden adviser promised that the US would “figure it out” if Russia deployed troops in Venezuela or Cuba

Russian Navy ship “Viktor Leonov”

The Kremlin is considering various scenarios for ensuring Russia's security, but Estonia's request to host NATO troops confirms the country's concerns. This was stated by the presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov, RBC correspondent reports.

“Of course, in the context of the current situation, Russia is thinking about how to ensure its own security, but to talk about specific scenarios <…>, we are also considering different scenarios,— noted the representative of the head of state, answering a question from journalists about the possibility of deploying Russia's military infrastructure in Latin America.

Peskov also indicated that we are talking about independent countries, which should not be forgotten.

“Request of Estonia— it is proof that our concerns are justified. And this is proof that we are not the cause of the escalation of tension, — Peskov added, noting the hope that the United States would formulate a written response to Russia's security guarantee proposals.

On January 13, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, in an interview with RTVI, answering a question about whether the possibility of deploying Russian military infrastructure in countries outside of Europe, such as Cuba or Venezuela, was considered: “I don’t want to confirm or exclude anything here either I won't. At the same time, he added, the decision depends on “the actions of American colleagues”, although Moscow does not want such a development of the situation.

In response, US presidential adviser Jake Sullivan promised that if Moscow acts in this direction, Washington will “resolutely sort it out” with the situation.

On the eve of The New York Times reported that the Russian delegation at the talks with the United States and NATO “hinted” the ability to move nuclear missiles closer to US borders. According to the publication, Russian diplomats admitted that the country could transfer “certain weapons systems to unspecified places” in case of failure to comply with the requirements for security guarantees. The newspaper emphasized that there was no talk of direct statements.

Negotiations between Russia and the United States over proposals for security guarantees that Moscow provided to Washington and NATO took place on January 11 in Geneva. According to the head of the Russian delegation, Deputy Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, the parties failed to agree on the key issue of NATO's non-expansion to the east. According to Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Russia put it right now, as the country has run out of patience: he recalled the words of President Vladimir Putin that the alliance is trying to “swing at the threshold of our house.”

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The EU did not receive a letter from Russia for the recognition of COVID-certificates

EU Ambassador: Russia must send letter for recognition of COVID certificates Russia has not sent a letter to the European Union asking for recognition of COVID certificates, said EU Ambassador Ederer. Brussels proposed to start the procedure of mutual recognition of documents last summer

In order for the EU to recognize Russian COVID-certificates, Russia needs to send a letter to the European Union with a request to recognize their equivalence. As of the beginning of this year, it had not been received, EU Ambassador Markus Ederer said at a press conference in Moscow on January 17.

“I can report that in October there was a technical online meeting between representatives of Russia and the EU on equivalence. It was a positive meeting, the experts discussed how to do it, Russia said that at the political level it is interested in achieving equivalence,— he reported on the state of negotiations, answering a question from RBC. However, so far, according to the ambassador, the situation has remained unchanged.

Mutual recognition of COVID certificates would allow vaccinated citizens of the EU and Russia to make mutual trips based on vaccination certificates obtained in their countries, without the need to provide additional documents and without Russian vaccines being officially approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), Ederer explained earlier. . Brussels invited Moscow to start the process of mutual recognition in July last year. The EU now recognizes vaccination documents from 33 countries, including Armenia, Georgia, Israel, Serbia, Turkey, Ukraine.

On November 12, the European Commission reported that Russia had taken the first step and provided the EU with the documents needed to test the technical compatibility of the Russian and European vaccination control systems. After that, an application was to be submitted for the recognition of Russian certificates of vaccination against COVID-19 as equivalent to European ones.

In late November, the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov indicated that the possible recognition of documents on a completed course of vaccination against infection is “technological process”, which consists of different tasks. He admitted that the mutual recognition of certificates could take place within “a certain number of months”.

The EU Ambassador commented on the EMA recognition of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine. “The situation remains unchanged. Authorization work is ongoing, there were two inspections in the first half of last year, after which the EMAs requested additional documents, which, as far as I know, have not yet been received, — Ederer said at a press conference. According to him, the receipt of documents made new EMA inspections possible.

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Lukashenka revealed the details of the exercises with Russia “Allied determination”

Lukashenko: joint exercises with Russia will be held in February on the southern and western borders The joint maneuvers of Russia and Belarus will take place against the backdrop of “the ongoing militarization of European countries.” According to Lukashenko, the military will work out “opposition to the forces of the West – the Baltic states and Poland – and the south – Ukraine”

Russia and Belarus will hold joint military exercises in February, said Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. The video was published by the Pool of the First Telegram channel, close to the press service of the head of state.

The exact date of the maneuvers has not yet been set. “Determine, inform us so that we are not reproached that we have pulled some troops from the bay-floundering, we are almost going to fight,” — gave Lukashenka an order to the head of the Ministry of Defense of the country Viktor Khrenin.


“Today we see that we need to conduct solid exercises in this western and southern region, the “Belarusian balcony”, — Lukashenka said. According to him, he agreed on the need for such maneuvers with Russian President Vladimir Putin in December (negotiations between the heads of state took place at the end of the month in the Konstantinovsky Palace in St. Petersburg).

Lukashenka added that the exercises “should not be purely Belarusian.” It is planned that the military will work out on them “a certain plan in the confrontation with these forces: the West (the Baltic states and Poland) and the south (Ukraine)”.

The maneuvers will be called “Allied Resolve”, said Pavel Muraveiko, Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Belarus, BelTA informs. According to him, the exercises, as well as an unscheduled check of the forces of the Union State, will be a reaction to “the ongoing militarization of European countries.” “Today, a resonant provocation continues, caused by the so-called migration crisis,” — he said, pointing to the build-up of the military contingent near the Belarusian borders.

From September 10 to 15, 2021, the Zapad-2021 exercises were held in Russia and Belarus. The maneuvers were organized at 14 military training grounds— nine Russian and five Belarusian, their goal was to test the level of combat readiness and the ability of the military command to ensure the security of the Union State.

In 2023, the joint Belarusian-Russian exercises “Shield of the Union” should also take place.

< p> In the autumn of last year, due to the migration crisis, the situation on the border of Belarus with the EU escalated. Columns of refugees (mainly from the countries of the Middle East) tried to break through from the Belarusian territory to the European Union. Against this background, in Poland and Lithuania they announced the need to pull additional army and police forces to the border. After several days of clashes and subsequent negotiations between Lukashenka and the German leadership, the migrants left the camps at the border.

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The Guardian learned about the “fierce negotiations” between Nazarbayev and Tokayev

The Guardian: Nazarbayev in 'fierce talks' with Tokayev over asset redistribution ” alt=”The Guardian learned of the 'fierce talks' between Nazarbayev and Tokayev” />

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (left) and Nursultan Nazarbayev

Former Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev is alive and conducting 'furious talks' with the incumbent head of state, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, about the redistribution of assets, a former Western official with connections in Kazakhstan told The Guardian. According to him, the struggle for power in the country continues.

“Negotiations [between Nazarbayev and Tokayev] continue”,— Yermukhamet Yertysbayev, a former adviser to the first president of Kazakhstan, told the publication. One of The Guardian's sources claims that the first president of Kazakhstan is now in China. But according to Yertysbayev, Nazarbayev is still in the country. “Obviously, the era of Nazarbayev is over,” — he added.

The material is being supplemented.

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Putin extended the term of office of special envoy for ecology Sergei Ivanov

Putin extended the term of office of Special Representative for Ecology Sergei Ivanov by a year” alt=”Putin extended the term of office of special envoy for ecology Sergei Ivanov” />

Sergei Ivanov

Russian President Vladimir Putin has extended until January 31, 2023, the deadline for the service of Special Representative for Environmental Protection, Ecology and Transport Sergey Ivanov. The order is posted on the official Internet portal of legal information.

Sergey Ivanov will turn 69 on January 31 this year. He has served as Special Presidential Envoy for the Environment, Environment and Transport since August 12, 2016.

Sergey Ivanov was born on January 31, 1953. He graduated from the Faculty of Philology of the Leningrad State University and the higher courses of the KGB of the USSR in Minsk. Ivanov served in the SVR and the FSB of Russia. In November 1999, he became Secretary of the Russian Security Council. In March 2001, he was appointed Minister of Defense. Also in different years he held the posts of Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, First Deputy Prime Minister. From 2011 to 2016, he was the head of the presidential administration.

In May last year, the president extended for a year the powers of the presidential representative in the North Caucasus Federal District, Yuri Chaika, who turned 70 years old.< /p>

In January 2021, Putin proposed abolishing the age limit for heads of federal services and agencies. A draft law was submitted to the State Duma that abolished age limits for civil officials appointed by the president. It was signed on March 24.

Now the age limit for being in the state civil service— 65 years old, for senior executives— 70 years old. The new law provides for the possibility of extending the term of civil service after such employees reach the age of 70 with their consent.

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The Guardian: Nazarbayev furiously shares assets with Tokayev

Since the worst unrest since independence broke out in Kazakhstan in early January, the republic's first president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has been silent. 225 people died, but the leader of the nation, who for many years personified it, simply disappeared.

Some sources of the British edition of The Guardian reported that he was hiding somewhere on the shores of Lake Geneva. Others claim that he flew to Dubai, others that he is probably dead.

But, most likely, he is still in Kazakhstan.

“According to my latest information, Nazarbayev is leading fierce negotiations with Kassym-Jomart Tokayev over the redistribution of assets, businesses and bank accounts,” a well-connected Western government official in Kazakhstan told the publication.

Tokayev, once loyal to Nazarbayev, now intends to deprive his former benefactor and members of his family of power.

“The power struggle continues. There is no guarantee that everything will end peacefully,” a Western official said.

Former minister and adviser to Nazarbayev, Yermukhamet Yertysbayev, said his former boss is still in Kazakhstan.

“Negotiations are ongoing, but it is clear that the Nazarbayev era is over,” Yertysbayev said. He blamed the recent violence on “reactionary and conservative forces from the Nazarbayev clan.”

Tokayev has not yet publicly criticized the former leader of the republic, but there are real signs that the cult of personality is over. In particular, the statue of Nazarbayev was not restored on the pedestal, street signs with his name disappeared from the streets of Alma-Ata.

The local elite is in a hurry to declare their commitment to Tokayev. She hopes that the purges in the government will end with Nazarbayev's family members and his inner circle.

“Tokayev is a sane person and knows how important the image of the country is. He will act smoothly and carefully. He will not shoot from a machine gun, he will accurately shoot unwanted people from a sniper rifle, ”the source of the publication said.

In Kazakhstan, they are wondering if Nazarbayev will ever appear in public, whether Tokayev will completely renounce his predecessor, whether he will revive the cult of personality or just keep silent.

See also: 4 versions of Nursultan Nazarbayev's fate are named.