Tokayev replaced the head of the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan after the protests

Kazakh President Tokayev Appoints Commander of National Guard as New Head of Defense Ministry media/img/4/51/756425894687514.jpg” alt=”Tokayev replaced the head of the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan after the protests” />

Murat Bektanov

President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev dismissed the head of the country's Ministry of Defense Murat Bektanov. The decree on this was published on the website of the head of state.

Tokayev appointed Ruslan Zhaksylykov as head of the military department. “To appoint Zhaksylykov Ruslan Fatihovich as the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan”, — The presidential decree says.

Previously, Zhaksylykov served as Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard. The vacant position was taken by Yerkin Botakanov.

Zhaksylykov served in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan from 1987 to 2006, having gone from a platoon commander to a formation commander. In 2004, he graduated from the Higher Academic Courses of the Military Academy of the General Staff of Russia with a degree in military security of the state, Tengrinews specifies.

After suppressing the unrest in the country, which began on January 2 with protests against the increase in prices for liquefied gas for cars, President Tokayev has already made many personnel changes, on January 5 he dismissed the government. In addition, Tokayev became chairman of the Security Council, replacing the first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, in this post.

In addition, Nazarbayev's relatives announced their resignation from various posts. Nazarbayev himself has not appeared in the public sphere since the beginning of the protests, various rumors circulated about his whereabouts, right up to his departure abroad.

On January 17, the British newspaper The Guardian reported that Nursultan Nazarbayev was alive and in “furious negotiations” with Tokayev on the redistribution of assets. “Negotiations [between Nazarbayev and Tokayev] continue,” Yermukhamet Yertysbaev, a former adviser to the first president of Kazakhstan, told the publication.

One of The Guardian's sources said that the first president of Kazakhstan is now in China. But, according to Yertysbayev, Nazarbayev is still at home. “Obviously, the era of Nazarbayev is over,” — he added.

The next day, January 18, Nazarbayev released a video message to the citizens of the country. He stated that in Kazakhstan there is no conflict among the elites, President Tokayev has full power. He called the rumors about the conflict in the power elite “groundless”.

“Responding to numerous appeals addressed to me, in connection with publications in the media, I inform you that in 2019 I transferred the powers of President Kassym- Zhomart Tokayev, and since then I have been a pensioner and am currently on a well-deserved rest in the capital of Kazakhstan and have not left anywhere,— said the first president of Kazakhstan.

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Minsk accused the Polish military of two violations of the border

State Border Committee of Belarus: Polish military violated the border twice at the Kozlovichi checkpoint The Polish military entered the territory of Belarus twice, Belarusian border guards said. The violation was recorded by video cameras on January 18


Armed servicemen entered the territory of Belarus twice from Poland, BelTA reports, citing information from the Belarusian State Border Committee.

“At the Belarusian checkpoint” Kozlovichi ” CCTV cameras recorded a violation of the state border from Poland to Belarus. On January 18, a Polish armed serviceman on the road bridge of this checkpoint entered Belarusian territory for 20m and returned back. A couple of hours later, on the same site, the equipped soldier repeatedly violated the Belarusian border and returned to Poland again, — cites the agency's message from the border guards.

The Polish side has already been informed about the incidents. At the same time, Minsk accused the Polish authorities of provocations, dissemination of false information and stuffing, as well as the desire to “escalate tensions.”

“Despite the unfriendly steps of the neighboring side, the position of Belarus remains the same. All acute and controversial situations must be resolved through constructive bilateral contacts and an open dialogue, — The State Border Committee said in a statement.

RBC sent a request to the Ministry of Defense of Belarus.

On January 12, 2022, the Investigative Committee of Belarus stated that the soldier Emil Chechko, who fled from Poland to Belarus after the migration crisis, spoke about the killing by the Polish military of more than 240 refugees who were heading to Germany through Belarus and Poland. According to him, the Polish military killed refugees who were heading to Germany. Among them were women and children, as well as two volunteers. The security forces “massively buried [the dead] in specially prepared pits in the forests,” Chechko said.

Earlier, Deputy Interior Minister of Poland Maciej Wonsik called Chechko's stories about the murders “sucked from the finger.” Wonsik noted that no human rights organization reported the missing volunteers.

Russia's new ambassador to Belarus, Boris Gryzlov, warned that Russia would not go unnoticed by NATO's buildup of forces near Belarus' borders. “During the aforementioned migration crisis, Poland deployed additional forces, including heavy weapons, to the Belarusian border. Of course, this does not go unnoticed, — he said. According to Gryzlov, NATO does not cease to increase the number of forces and means “at the gates”; Russia, which is attentive to the issue of border protection.

Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko said that 30 thousand military men are concentrated near the country's border from Poland and the Baltic countries. In addition, according to Lukashenka, in these states “on a rotational basis” there are from 8 thousand to 10 thousand US military. In his opinion, this information testifies to the preparation of the West “for something serious, at least long-term.”

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Turkey and Armenia to restore flights for the first time in 6 years

Turkey and Armenia will resume flights from February 2, flights will be three times a week Low cost airlines Pegasus Airlines and FlyOne Armenia will operate three flights a week between Istanbul and Yerevan

Turkey and Armenia will resume air traffic from February 2, reports the newspaper Hürriyet, citing the Turkish Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure.

Thus, the aviation authorities of the country allowed the Turkish airline Pegasus Airlines to operate three flights a week from Istanbul to Yerevan. The Armenian carrier FlyOne Armenia will also fly from Yerevan to Istanbul three times a week.

In December, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu announced that Ankara would restore charter flights to Yerevan.

Regular flight Yerevan— Istanbul was opened in 1995, according to the ex-head of the General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia Shagen Petrosyan, until 2016, Turkish Pegasus Airlines operated flights to and from the Turkish capital, but in 2016, against the backdrop of the aggravation of the situation around Karabakh, flights stopped. Lilit Aghabekyan, Assistant to the Chairman of the Civil Aviation Committee of Armenia, said at the end of 2021 that the last Yerevan-Istanbul flight took place in 2015, and the flights were operated by Atlas Global. “However, due to bankruptcy, flights were stopped. After that, we did not have any regular or charter flights, neither from the Armenian, nor from the Turkish airlines,— she said.

The border between the two countries has been closed since 1993. Disagreements are related, among other things, to the issue of recognizing the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire. An attempt to improve relations was made in 2008, when Serzh Sargsyan was the President of Armenia. In 2009, the parties signed in Zurich a protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations and a protocol on the development of bilateral relations. However, both documents have not yet been ratified.

In 2018, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan expressed his readiness to restore diplomatic relations with Ankara without preconditions. At the same time, Yerevan will continue to seek international recognition of the genocide, he said. Ankara refuses to call the massacres of the Armenian population in the Ottoman Empire in 1915 that way.

At the end of last year, Turkey and Armenia decided to appoint special representatives to normalize relations.

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Poroshenko’s supporters and police clashed near the court in Kiev

Poroshenko's supporters and the police fought near the court in Kiev The police tried to prevent the activists from setting up tents near the building and distributing hot drinks /img/1/41/756425893736411.jpg” alt=”Poroshenko's supporters and police clashed near the court in Kiev” />


Petro Poroshenko's supporters clashed with policemen in Kiev. The incident took place near the building of the Pechersk District Court, which is due to announce a measure of restraint to the former president of Ukraine today.

As reported by UNN, the clashes began after the activists began to set up tents near the court building and kindle fires in barrels. Police officers and National Guard fighters began to push them back, declaring the illegality of setting up tents and distributing drinks (tea and coffee).

According to UNIAN, tear gas was sprayed into the crowd, but there is no exact data on who used it. reports that Vladimir Balukh (convicted in 2017 in Crimea and transferred to Ukraine in 2019) was detained near the court, who tore off the helmet from the policeman and threw it away .

The former president of Ukraine returned on January 17 from Poland. The case against him was opened in December 2021. Poroshenko is suspected of financing terrorism and treason, as well as creating a terrorist organization (parts 1 and 3 of article 258-5, part 1 of article 111, part 1 of article 258-3 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine). Under these articles, Poroshenko faces up to 15 years in prison.

The investigation believes that, as president, Poroshenko, acting in collusion with the authorities of Russia and the self-proclaimed Luhansk and Donetsk People's Republics, organized a scheme to export coal from Donbass to Ukraine. Subscribe to Instagram RBC Get news faster than anyone else



Tokayev explained the failures of the military at the protests by the uncertainty of the leadership

Tokayev: the dismissed head of the Ministry of Defense did not show commanding qualities during the crisis /” alt=”Tokayev explained the failures of the military at the protests by the uncertainty of the leadership” />

Murat Bektanov, dismissed from the post of Defense Minister, did not show commanding qualities in a critical situation, said Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. That is why the country had to ask for help abroad, the president said. Tokayev stated this when introducing the new Minister of Defense Ruslan Zhaksylykov to the leadership of the department, according to the website of the President of Kazakhstan.

“Minister Bektanov did not show commanding qualities. Having at our disposal an army that showed good results in the course of command-staff and military exercises, we could not use its potential in a critical situation and were forced to resort to outside help, — Tokayev said.

In his opinion, during the January events “the armed forces, due to their extremely insecure and lack of initiative leadership, could not fulfill the tasks assigned to them with dignity.”

On the change of the Minister of Defense the President of Kazakhstan announced on 19 January. The military department was headed by Ruslan Zhaksylykov, who served as Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard.

Tokayev also instructed the Ministry of Defense to revise the plan for the purchase of weapons for the current year, taking into account the “January events”. “Revise the plan for the acquisition of weapons and military equipment for 2022, taking into account the lessons of the January events and take measures to increase the personnel potential of the armed forces,” the press service said.

Tokayev also stated the need to increase the mobility of troops and increase the capabilities of military transport aviation.

Protests that escalated into riots, pogroms and armed clashes began in Kazakhstan on January 2. On January 5, President Tokayev declared a state of emergency, dismissed the government and called for help from the CSTO armed contingent.

The very next day, CSTO units began to arrive in the country, they guarded important infrastructure and security facilities.< /p>

On January 13, Tokayev announced the stabilization of the situation in the country and the end of the mission of the CSTO armed contingent in the country.

On January 19, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the last units of peacekeepers from the forces The CSTO flew from Kazakhstan to Russia. The commander of the peacekeeping forces, Andrei Serdyukov, announced the end of the operation. “On January 19, the last unit and the command of the peacekeeping forces return to their homeland, to the points of permanent deployment,” — Serdyukov said.

According to him, the peacekeepers showed professionalism and organization during the mission in Kazakhstan and coped with the task.

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The court did not arrest Poroshenko

The court did not arrest Poroshenko and released him on personal obligation, taking his passport The court released Poroshenko on a personal commitment, and also ordered to hand over his passports to travel abroad .jpg” alt=”The court did not arrest Poroshenko” />

Petro Poroshenko

The Kiev Pechersk Court chose a preventive measure in the form of a personal obligation for the former President of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, and also ordered him to hand over his passports to travel abroad.

After leaving the post of president— Poroshenko lost the 2019 elections to Volodymyr Zelensky after serving one term at the head of the country,— several criminal cases were initiated against him, but none of them ended in a court verdict.

The latest criminal case against the ex-president was reported on December 18. Investigators of the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) of the country tried to hand him a summons for interrogation in the case of illegal coal supplies from the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics in 2014-2015. But Poroshenko ignored the demands of the office staff and left by car, and on the same day he bought plane tickets and flew abroad. The European Solidarity party, which he heads, reported then that this was a pre-planned visit to Turkey and Poland.

Later, the State Bureau of Investigation reported that Poroshenko was suspected of high treason— both self-proclaimed republics were declared terrorist organizations by the Ukrainian authorities. The criminal case is being investigated “to organize a criminal scheme for the supply of coal from the temporarily occupied territories and assistance to terrorist organizations of the LPR and DPR by a group of Ukrainian citizens for a total amount of about UAH 1.5 billion (4 billion rubles at the current exchange rate. — RBC< /em>)”, the State Bureau of Investigation clarified then.

“According to the investigation, by their actions, the defendants in the production made the energy sector of Ukraine dependent on Russia and terrorist organizations,” & mdash; stated in the State Bureau of Investigation, & mdash; which, in turn, undermined the economic security of the state in 2014-2015, deprived of opportunities for diversifying sources of energy supplies, and also provided Russia with greater opportunities for further interference in the internal affairs of Ukraine and conducting subversive activities against it.”


In the case of the supply of coal from the territory of Donbass, the head of the political council of the Ukrainian party “Opposition platform” is also being held. For life» (OPLE) Viktor Medvedchuk. In October, the Security Service of Ukraine announced that it was checking Poroshenko's involvement in coal supplies, as well as collusion with Medvedchuk, who has been under house arrest since May 2021.

The Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine said that it would ask the court to arrest Poroshenko with the possibility of posting a bail in the amount of UAH 1 billion (about $37 million).

The Pechersky District Court of Kiev on January 6 arrested all of Poroshenko's property and assets. The ex-president himself then said that he would return to the city on January 17 to appear in court. He emphasized that he was not returning to defend himself against the incumbent Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, but to defend Ukraine from “incompetent leadership”; and “external aggression”.

Poroshenko is ranked seventh in the ranking of the Ukrainian version of Forbes magazine “100 richest Ukrainians-2021”. His fortune is estimated at $1.6 billion. His main assets— TV channel «Direct» and the Roshen confectionery corporation, whose assets have been seized since 2017. Poroshenko served as president of Ukraine from 2014 to 2019.

Before flying to Kiev from Warsaw, Poroshenko expressed confidence that he would not be detained upon his return to Ukraine. “Hold me? I tell you no! Not because I'm so self-confident, but I see no reason for the arrest, — said the ex-president.

At the Zhuliany airport, where Poroshenko arrived on January 17, SBI investigators at passport control tried to hand him a subpoena, but the ex-president refused to take it, went through passport control and spoke at a rally of his supporters. He accused Zelensky and the oligarch Igor Kolomoisky of intrigues against himself. Poroshenko arrived at the trial on his own.

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Ryabkov announced the expectation from the United States of an article-by-article answer about security

Ryabkov: Russia is waiting for a direct answer on security guarantees in the form of an article-by-article analysis Moscow is waiting for a direct and understandable answer from the United States in the form of an article-by-article analysis of proposals on security guarantees, the deputy minister said. He explained that such an unprecedented situation has developed due to the destructive course of the United States and NATO .jpg” alt=”Ryabkov announced that he expects an article-by-article response from the United States regarding security” />

Sergey Ryabkov

Russia expects the United States to give a direct response and conduct an article-by-article analysis of Russian proposals for security guarantees, which Moscow handed over to the American side in December, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said at the Valdai discussion club.

“We need a direct and understandable answer, and in writing, in the form of an article-by-article analysis of those projects that we have put on the table. We understand the complexity of such a task, we understand the unprecedentedness of such a formulation of the question, but it is dictated by the unprecedentedness of the whole situation in which we find ourselves as a result of the destructive course of the United States and NATO allies towards the geopolitical, military development of the territory, from which comes a direct, immediate threat or threats to our security. ,— explained the Deputy Minister.

He noted that Moscow is not ready to wait indefinitely and “plunge into the usual diplomatic and bureaucratic mess about what formats are optimal for this.”

According to Ryabkov, now “the ball is definitely on the side of the United States”, and Russia is counting on the continuation of the dialogue.

Earlier, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Russia has not yet received a written response from the United States to its proposals. “Hopefully we'll get [an answer] one of these days,” — he added.

On January 21, negotiations between Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken will be held in Geneva. Peskov, commenting on the upcoming meeting, expressed the opinion that it is extremely important for the process of formulating Washington's response and that the agenda is “absolutely clear.”

The content of the draft security guarantee agreements that Moscow handed over to Washington and NATO became known in the middle of December. In particular, Russia offered the US to agree not to harm each other's security, not to use the territory of other countries to attack each other, and to rule out NATO's eastward expansion. Moscow also considers it necessary to exclude the deployment of weapons in areas where it would be perceived as a threat.

The United States has already stated that some of Russia's proposals are unacceptable.

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The reaction of the protesters to the decision of the court on Poroshenko. Video

The Pechersk Court did not arrest ex-president of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in the case of treason – he was ordered to appear in court and hand over his passport. How Poroshenko's supporters, who gathered outside the courtroom, reacted to this – in the RBC video.

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Ryabkov offered the US another “option” on Ukraine and Georgia in NATO

Ryabkov: Russia is ready to consider a US guarantee not to vote for Ukraine's entry into NATO =”” alt=”Ryabkov offered the US another “option” on Ukraine and Georgia in NATO” />

Sergey Ryabkov

Russia is ready to consider an alternative to NATO's refusal to accept Ukraine into the bloc— a unilateral commitment by the United States not to vote for the country's entry into the alliance. About this at the site of the discussion club «Valdai» said Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.

“This well-known formula of the Bucharest summit in 2008, that Ukraine and Georgia will become members of NATO, this should be excluded, this should be replaced by the understanding that this will never happen. Or alternatively, if the United States makes a unilateral commitment in a legally binding manner that it will never vote for Ukraine and other countries to join NATO, we are ready to consider this option. he said.

Ryabkov added that this would be an easier path for the United States if the state had “enough political will.”

According to him, the priority for Moscow is clear and legally binding US guarantees that Ukraine and other countries Russia opposes membership will not join NATO.

In order for a state to become a full member of the alliance, the consent of all its members is required at the stage of ratification of the accession protocol. For example, Macedonia for a long time could not join NATO, as this was prevented by Greece because of the dispute over the name of the country. Athens claimed that the toponym “Macedonia” extends to part of Greek territory, which gives the Macedonians the right to lay claim to it. As a result, the state officially changed its name to North Macedonia (the dispute with Greece was settled in 2018) and joined NATO in 2020.

Moscow needs a “direct and understandable” a written response to its December proposals for security guarantees, as well as an “article-by-article” analysis, Ryabkov said at a meeting of Valdai. He acknowledged that such a formulation of the issue is unprecedented, but drew attention to the fact that this is dictated by the situation itself. That, in turn, was formed due to the “destructive” exchange rate between the United States and NATO, the deputy minister stressed.

Moscow's proposals on security guarantees were made public in December. In the draft treaty, Russia proposed to consolidate NATO's obligation not to expand eastward, to agree with the United States not to harm each other's security, and to oblige Washington not to establish military bases on the territory of the countries that were part of the USSR. In addition, Russia offered to mutually renounce the deployment of weapons where it would be perceived as a threat, as well as the deployment of nuclear weapons.

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Wion: Nazarbayev is in the UAE

Photo: Still from video

Former President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev may be in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This information was provided by the Indian television channel Wion.

It is alleged that Nazarbayev is in Abu Dhabi. On January 18, he allegedly held a meeting with South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The latter is now also in the Emirates.

Meanwhile, Nazarbayev's press service reports that he is in Kazakhstan. The Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the UAE also denies his presence in the territory of the United Arab Emirates, writes.

It is interesting that on the same days, when Nazarbayev was allegedly in Abu Dhabi, the Houthi rebel group launched attacks with the help of drones and missiles on the capital of the UAE. This could have disrupted talks between Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Muhammad bin Zeid Al Nahyan and the South Korean leader.

On January 18, Nazarbayev, who had not been seen in public since last year, broke his silence and released a video message. He, in particular, stated that since 2019 he has been a pensioner, and the current president, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, according to him, has all the powers of power. He also denied rumors about the conflict of elites in the country.

Earlier, special correspondents of “MK” in Kazakhstan visited Nazarbayev's native village, where local residents said: he was there on January 2 and 3, then went by car to Kyrgyzstan and from there flew to the UAE.



The Ukrainian army pulled “Tornados” to the border of Donbass


Ukrainian Armed Forces deployed Smerch multiple rocket launchers to the line of contact in Donbass. Military journalist Semyon Pegov reports this on his telegram channel.

On Channel One Pegov said that Ukraine is preparing a provocation  in the region. “The Ukrainian side wants to unleash a real massacre here in the Donbas with the help of NATO,” — he said during a live broadcast from the Donetsk airport. 

The journalist suggested that the Armed Forces of Ukraine could start shelling peaceful neighborhoods Donbass. According to him, neither Donbass nor Russia will be able to leave such actions unanswered.

Pegov also said that there were a huge number of equipped Ukrainian soldiers on the first line of contact. Now they have moved back a little – according to the journalist, in order to take the enemy troops into the ring. In addition, Pegov recalled that chemicals were brought to the territories controlled by Ukraine.



Outgoing German Chancellor Merkel finds new job

Former head of the German government invited to the UN

Former German chancellor Angela Merkel, who recently resigned as head of government — but in fact, the German leader, given the formal role of the President of Germany, — may return to world politics. In any case, according to media reports, she has already received an offer to head one of the UN structures. So far, no response has been received from the former chancellor, and there is no absolute guarantee of her consent: tense 16 years in office and, to put it mildly, a good pension allowance — rather, reasons for a quiet life and, for example, writing memoirs.

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

The fact that Merkel was offered a new position was reported with reference to sources in the UN Deutsche Press Agentur (DPA) — the largest German news agency, whose authority makes you listen to its data. According to DPA interlocutors, the letter to the former head of the German government was sent on behalf of the United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres. His proposal — chair of the Global Public Goods Advisory Council. This is a relatively new structure, actively promoted by the Secretary General as part of the overall UN reform process initiated by him. Merkel's invitation did not come as a surprise to those who have come across Guterres' statements about the council in recent years: in particular, he had initially stated that he intended to recruit former world leaders who had retired from their national affairs to work in this structure. The task of the body — “Identify global public goods and other areas of common [worldwide] interest where governance improvements are most urgent.” We are talking about ecology, energy consumption, healthcare — especially often Guterres mentioned the advice after the height of the coronavirus pandemic — and other areas that the members of the structure should designate and develop.

At the same time, the brainchild of the UN Secretary General has not yet shown itself clearly, so he is probably counting first on the media effect, which cannot be avoided if such a figure as Merkel stands at the head of the body. Having held the post of Chancellor of Germany for almost 16 years, she proved herself not only as a talented national leader, but also as a far-sighted politician who, in fact, is able to take responsibility for the entire European Union, or, for example, build relatively constructive relations with difficult for the West partners like Russia… In general, we are talking about a kind of global crisis manager, whose recognition, competence and experience are clearly enough to implement Guterres' plans.

Nevertheless, as practice shows, the former federal chancellors of Germany, in principle, do not seek excessive publicity after the resignation. Merkel's predecessor, Gerhard Schroeder, who left the post in 2005, later became chairman of the board of directors of Russia's largest oil company, but was not very active in this position (in general, she does not assume that).

< p>Helmut Kohl, two years after being chancellor, remained honorary chairman of the Christian Democratic Union party; (CDU), but was stripped of this title in 2000 — because of the scandal about the illegal financing of the CDU. The beginning of the millennium was marked by the publication of his four-part memoirs: the first book is called My Diary; and covers just the end of the 1990s, the other three — “Memories” — devoted to other periods of the politician's life. And Helmut Schmidt, who was chancellor before Kohl, retired and participated in the publication of the weekly newspaper “Die Zeit”; — again without pronounced media and new political ambitions, — where he was invited by the editors…

Will Merkel accept his invitation — big question. The ball is on the side of the former chancellor, because although the UN objectively needs it (both within the framework of the council and to raise the overall sagging authority of the organization), it is not a fact that this is a mutual need. Merkel herself, leaving the post of head of government, did not voice plans to return to big politics in any capacity.

The ex-chancellor also hardly needs additional income — with a relatively modest lifestyle for her position, which has become the talk of the town, she receives a monthly pension of almost 15 thousand euros (about 1.3 million rubles), which is due to her by law. Finally, general fatigue may also have an effect: all of Merkel’s chancellorships were not without sharp moments, and she, rather, following the example of the same Helmut Kohl, will like writing memoirs about her impressive political career, rather than voicing declarations from the UN platform.< /p>



Russian military scientists have developed a new method of testing for coronavirus

“Faster, simpler, more accurate”

Russian military scientists have developed an accelerated method for testing for coronavirus.  Correspondent "MK" visited the military research center and heard the opinion of experts.


Captain 1st rank appreciated the long-range voyage of Russian landing ships

“Demonstrating our capabilities”

The Europeans are actively monitoring the movement of Russian troops on land and at sea. According to representatives of the Swedish fleet, at the moment a group of six Russian large landing ships (BDK) of the Northern and Baltic fleets headed for the North Sea. MK asked an expert what could be behind the movement of ships.

Photo: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Photos of ships appeared in social networks. It is reported that a group of six large landing ships of the Northern and Baltic fleets (“Pyotr Morgunov”, “Olenegorsky Miner”, “George the Pobedonosets”, “Minsk”, “Korolev”, “Kaliningrad”) sea.

As the head of the joint operations department of the Swedish armed forces, Lieutenant-General Michael Claesson, reported, Russian large landing ships are heavily loaded, and no one knows their destination. There are already suggestions that Russian ships are heading to the Black Sea region, where, of course, according to the Europeans, they will certainly threaten Ukraine.

Where do these ships actually go and what kind of cargo can be on board — about this “MK” said military expert captain 1st rank in the reserve Vladimir Gundarov.

— There is not enough information yet to unequivocally answer such questions, — he explained. — It is reported that the ships have now entered the North Sea. Where will they go from there — whether across the English Channel to the south, or around the Scandinavian Peninsula to the north — is still unclear. As soon as we know about this, the intent of the operation will become clear. The only fact remains that this is a unique operation in itself, non-standard and uncharacteristic of the usual situation in the North Sea and in the whole region.

According to the expert, if we assume that the BDK will go south through La Manche, for example, to the Syrian port of Tartus, where our fleet has a base, then ships will not be able to reach it without refueling. To refuel six BDKs, somewhere at the crossing, you must have at least two more tankers. But we are not talking about them. So, talking about the southern direction is debatable.

— So far, only one thing can be said, — Gundarov is sure, — some very serious transfer of forces and means is underway. In addition, observers note that the BDK fully loaded — waterlines are below the water level. What can it say? About the fact that the shortest path — and this is the shortest path — some kind of weapons are being transferred. And these are not tanks, and certainly not personnel. For example, I do not exclude that we are talking about missile weapons.

According to Gundarov, in the light of Russia's recent negotiations with the United States and NATO, this may serve as confirmation that Russia can back up its proposals for guarantees with actions security if they are rejected by the West.

— It is likely, — the expert believes, — that very soon in some area we will be able to see Russian missile systems, which NATO is so afraid of. At the same time, Russia demonstrates that it is capable of transferring large forces not only by land and air, but also by sea.



The expert explained why the Russian fleet needs robot boats

“They will be able to better protect the near sea zone”

Russia is developing an unmanned torpedo boat that can fight in the Arctic. Information about the development appeared in a number of media. "MK" asked an expert to tell us why we need unmanned boats and how effective they can be.

Photo: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

— In general, the United States is actively developing underwater and surface drones. They allocate huge funds for this. The Chinese are not far behind. And we do this too. We have accumulated considerable experience in creating underwater robots, – said “MK” member of the expert council of “Officers of Russia” captain 1st rank in the reserve Vasily Dandykin.

As an example, the specialist named the Poseidon unmanned underwater vehicle, which many mistakenly call a torpedo. In fact, it is an autonomous system with artificial intelligence capable of carrying a nuclear charge, which has no analogues in the world.

Regarding the needs of the fleet, Dandykin said that now “it is necessary to strengthen the anti-submarine defense, especially in the near sea zone.” This also applies to ships. The option of creating boats with anti-submarine weapons will largely solve this problem. The creation of an unmanned torpedo bomber boat will protect the crews and save the budget.

Since the boat can be remotely controlled, the near sea area will be better protected. This is especially true for the bases of strategic submarine missile carriers, which need effective protection, the expert believes.

Regarding the effectiveness of unmanned boats, the expert said, everything depends on the “boat filling”: electronic warfare equipment and weapons on board. Also, the ship must be stable in waves. The development of such a marine robot — is not a matter of one day or even one year, but the problem needs to be solved.

Comparing the new development with the crewless anti-mine boats announced in 2019, Dandykin noted that anti-submarine ships perform more serious task.

— Defuse the most sophisticated mine and destroy the most sophisticated submarine – big difference, — said the expert. In his opinion, the test tool is an order of magnitude more complicated than anti-mine drone boats.