President of Kazakhstan Tokayev: Nazarbayev's miscalculations will serve as lessons for future presidents The first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, like other world leaders, made miscalculations, said the current head of state, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. However, all leaders have shortcomings, and denigrating one's past is not good
Portrait of Nursultan Nazarbayev in front of the mayor's office after clashes in the central square
Possible miscalculations by Nursultan Nazarbayev should be considered as lessons for the country's future leaders, Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said, Tengri News reports. At the same time, according to him, one should not forget about the “historical merits” of the first president of the country.
“Let us also pay tribute to the historical merits of the first president [of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev], highlight his undoubted successes and merits, and leave possible miscalculations as a warning to the future leaders of our country”, — said Tokayev.
According to him, the shortcomings are inherent in the leaders of any country. “Flaws have been inherent in both American presidents and Chinese leaders. And even the Singaporean leader Lee Kuan Yew, about whom everyone is now speaking so laudatoryly, — Tokayev noted, explaining that only those who do not work are not mistaken.
At the same time, according to him, the people who denigrate their past have no future, he added.
In early January, protests began in Kazakhstan over a sharp increase in gas prices, which quickly turned into street riots and pogroms. The epicenter of street riots was the former capital of Kazakhstan, the city of Alma-Ata. By January 5, the situation got out of control of the local law enforcement agencies responsible for maintaining order in the city: the rioters destroyed the building of the city administration and the presidential residence in this city, and participated in skirmishes with the police and the military.
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In order to ensure the security of infrastructure facilities, Tokayev turned to the CSTO with a request to send peacekeepers to the country, after which he ordered an anti-terrorist operation in the city against militant groups from Central Asia and Afghanistan, who, according to Tokayev, took advantage of the situation with protests to try to make a coup d'état in the country. Tokayev estimated the damage from the unrest in the country at $2–3 billion.
After the normalization of the situation in the city, Tokayev announced structural reforms, including the reform of law enforcement agencies.
The President of Kazakhstan also said that the country's governance system with the participation of influential financial and oligarchic groups was established during the reign of Nursultan Nazarbayev. This, according to him, led to an increase in property stratification in the country and was the reason for the start of protests.
Nazarbayev, after leaving the presidency in 2019, bore the honorary title of Elbasy— “father of the people”, and also served as head of the Security Council of the Republic, leader of the ruling Nur Otan party, chairman of the Constitutional Council and head of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan (ANK)— it is a consultative and advisory body that brings together representatives of all nations and nationalities living in the country. During the protests, Tokayev dismissed him from the post of head of the Security Council of the republic and took it himself, later the parliament deprived Nazarbayev of the lifelong chairmanship of the Security Council and canceled his chairmanship of the ANC.
During the protests, Nazarbayev himself remained silent and turned to the people only January 18th. He called himself a pensioner, said that, contrary to rumors, he did not leave the country anywhere and stressed that there was no split in the ruling elite and Tokayev had full power.
On January 28, Tokayev replaced Nazarbayev as chairman of the ruling party “Nur Otan”. The first president retained the right to be a member of the Constitutional Council of the Republic.
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