Your other people’s children. How to live if the child was replaced in the maternity hospital?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 17. The highlight of the program. How import substitution works and what Russia can do on its own 04/27/2022 =”640″ style=”display: block;” />

The Regional Court of Chelyabinsk decided to pay women whose children were mixed up in a maternity hospital 40 years ago, 2 million rubles each. And for so much same — children themselves.

A year ago, the fact of the replacement of babies was confirmed by genetic examinations. Then the same mothers filed lawsuits. But the court of first instance refused to satisfy the demands. And regional compensated moral damage partially — women asked for  10 million…

How the families of Vasily Baimurzina and Valentina Baulina lived these 4 decades? And how they live now — with a confirmed fact of substitution, realizing that the fate of the daughters could have turned out differently? And & nbsp; one more, maybe the most important, question: how could newborns, in principle, be confused? One — Slavic, fair. Another, swarthy, was conceived in a Bashkir family. The protocols for  reception of babies and their stay in maternity hospital are clearly defined and all personnel must be worked out. Key phrase: “should be.” But    it does not always work out as it should. 

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Alena and Gulsina, who were born on July 29, 1982, were confused in the Kizil maternity hospital. Frame from the talk show “DNA”, NTV channel.

Neighbors whispered, husband beat

Alyona and Gulsina, who were born on July 29, 1982, in the Kizilsky maternity hospital, for many years they were tormented by doubts: do they live with their relatives? But  if the Baimurzins adored the blue-eyed blonde Gulsina, who did not look like a Bashkir (Husband Vasily also had a bright daughter in his first marriage), then Valentina, who returned home with black-eyed brunette Alyonka, fell into a flurry of indignation — the husband and mother-in-law did not want to accept the newborn, they accused Valentina of all mortal sins (the eldest girl in the family was bright). The husband beat Valya, kicked him out of the house. And & nbsp; until & nbsp; the end of his days, he believed that his wife had worked up a child. With and died. Didn wait for the moment of truth and the second father.

Both families lived within a few tens of kilometers from each other. Neighbors whispered that Alena and  Gulsina did not look like their parents. The girls themselves, having matured, tried to extort the truth from their mothers. Vasily was so distressed by these questions that she had a heart attack. And a few years later, friends told Gulsina that in the neighboring village, Russian parents had a daughter — Bashkir. Gulsina found Alena, she brought her home to her mother. And Valentina remembered how in the maternity hospital she noticed a dark-skinned woman feeding a fair girl … Everything became clear to everyone. But even when DNA tests showed 99.99% that Gulsina — Valentina's daughter, and Alena gave birth to Vasil, the latter did not want to believe that she had raised someone else's child. “You my daughter!” — she kissed Gulsina in tears.

Alena and  Gulsina, who were born on July 29, 1982 , were confused in Kizilsky maternity hospital. Frame from the talk show “DNA”, NTV channel.

History has greatly undermined the health of women. Everyone started having heart problems, insomnia, depression. In the end, the mothers resigned themselves to their fate and were able to make friends, as did the daughters. But for Alena and Gulsina it became a matter of honor to prove to the villagers that Valentina didn cheat her husband. They turned to television to hear the truth from the screen. Although, even having received 2 million rubles, women believe that no amount of money is able to compensate for negligence and deception, which radically changed their life.

Another case — a Russian and Chechen family raised other people's sons for almost two years, until AnnaI didn't accidentally stumble upon the maternity hospital tag and did not saw the last name of Zaremaon it. Anna found Zarema, but the latter refused to believe in the substitution. Genetic examinations and trials began. The boys were not only returned to their families, but and changed their names. The fact that the children are small played a role. Often, however, parents do not want to expose their children to stress, as was the case in Kopeysk of the same Chelyabinsk region.

In 1998, Ira and&nbsp were born here on the same day ;Anya. And after 12 years, mother Yulia found out that Ira was not her daughter. The fact was discovered when Yulia decided to collect alimony from ex-husband Aleksey, and he refused to recognize the relationship with daughter. A DNA test showed that Ira — Not the native child of Yulia and Alexey… The search for Ira's parents and biological daughter began. It turned out that the Russian Anya ended up in a Muslim family and she was preparing for an early marriage. A Muslim by blood Ira was baptized in Orthodoxy. The couples gently conveyed the news to the children and assured that everything would remain as before. Except now every girl has a "sister" and "second pair" parents.

Carelessness, inexperience, negligence… But occasionally, nurses purposely change the tags on babies hands: will the mother guess that the child is not her? Well, it's a gamble. Similar to a horror movie.

And the pediatrician twisted at the temple

Sometimes mothers still in the maternity hospital suspect substitution, but due to embarrassment or fear, they do not dare to ask a question or at least unfold the diaper, to view the tag. And and how in the euphoria of the birth of a child thinking about the fact that someone might confuse your little blood with someone?!

In 1979  in in the village of Tambovka, Amur Region . on one-day birth Olga Fedoseeva and Tatiana Titarenko. For three days Olga was brought to feed one baby, and on the fourth day they brought… another. “It's not mine!” — mother was outraged. And then she found her in the next room. With a strange woman. But their own child was not given to her. Ironically, five years later Olga and Tatyana turned out to be housemates and, sitting in the sandbox with children, realized that each was raising someone else's child. Shock, tears, incomprehension of how to live on…

The question which nobody answers why Olga's son, who was born weighing 3400 g and height 57 cm, then suddenly “decreased” up to 2700 g and 51 cm? And & nbsp; with & nbsp; the son of Tatyana, the opposite happened. By  discharge, the newborn really loses weight — everyone who has given birth knows this. But with growth, such metamorphoses does not happen!

In the end, the couples left everything as it was, but decided: if something irreparable happens to someone, the child will be taken away by the “second” ones. parents. And the guys themselves overheard the truth from adults. In 3 months, Roman and Andrey will turn 43 years they have their own families and children. Things are good. There’s one thing men don’t know: would they want their destinies to turn out differently?

Unfortunately, even in the age of high technology, baby swapping still takes place. In 2013, at the maternity hospital of Naberezhnye Chelny at at twoLyudmila Alexandrovnawere given a caesarean section at the same time. Trofimova almost immediately suspected something was wrong: her girl weighed 2800 g, and two hours later — already 3300 & nbsp; The head pediatrician almost twirled her head when the mothers questioned whether the children were mixed up. Anya and Aishatfound themselves in strange families. But women didn reconcile the situation — did a DNA test in one family, then a crossover. It wasn't easy to fight. However less a few months later Dubaevaand Trofimova received new certificates from maternity hospital, documents with new names for daughters. And the daughters themselves, returned to their biological parents. After that, they went to & nbsp; one ward of the children's hospital in order to get used to & nbsp; their own babies. And  after all, sometimes after examinations and courts, mothers want to keep both children for themselves and can come to a peace agreement. A separate saga — substitution and separation of twins, twins. When siblings get to know each other decades later. As happened with Ulyana and Xenia from Perm, where one grew up in love, and the other — in orphanage and on the street.

Today, in many medical institutions, with a favorable outcome of childbirth, babies are immediately given to mothers, portraits of newborns fly over the network to fathers and grandmothers. It seems like how not to notice the substitutions? How to confuse native blood with someone else's? However, the advice “trust, but” verify up-to-date and now. In & nbsp; social networks, for example, experienced mothers teach: do not neglect the good old green. Put a label on the baby…

By the way, “They were mixed up in the hospital” – such a series was shot in America several years ago. It was on TV for 5 seasons. But this topic is relevant not only in the United States and Russia. Cases of substitution occurred in the Czech Republic and Poland, Germany and Argentina. And the largest compensation in such cases was the amount of 339 thousand euros for each of the three families in which triplets were separated in a Warsaw hospital (two are twins). They met by chance 17 years later…

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Temperatures up to 14 degrees expected on Monday

Cloudy weather with clearings is predicted in the Russian capital on Monday, May 2, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

“Cloudy with clearings. Light rain in places,” the message says.

Daytime air temperature in the city will be from 12 degrees to 14 degrees Celsius.

Atmospheric pressure – 749 millimeters of mercury. The wind is southwest and west at a speed of five to ten meters per second.

Cloudy weather with clearings is also predicted in the capital on Tuesday night. Light rain in places.

The air temperature will be from six degrees to eight degrees Celsius.

Southwest wind at a speed of five to ten meters per second. Atmospheric pressure – 746 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier, the head of the laboratory of the Hydrometeorological Center, Lyudmila Parshina, said that May in many regions of the Russian Federation may turn out to be warmer than usual.

In particular, in Moscow, the temperature at night will fluctuate from six & nbsp; to 11 degrees of heat, and during the day & nbsp; & ndash; from 17 degrees to 22 degrees of heat.



Celebration of Eid al-Fitr begins at Moscow Cathedral Mosque

Events on the occasion of the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Fitr began in the Moscow Cathedral Mosque on Monday morning. This was reported by TASS.

A prayer is read today for the believers, after which the head of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims (DUM) of the Russian Federation, Mufti Sheikh Ravil Gainutdin, will address them with a festive sermon. Later, a festive prayer will be performed.

Believers began to gather in mosques from early morning. The agency notes that the prayer hall is full of people.

Festive prayers will also be held at the Historical Mosque on Bolshaya Tatarskaya Street, at the Memorial Mosque on Poklonnaya Hill and at a specially designated area in Sokolniki Park ;.

Eid al-Fitr is one of the two main holidays in Islam, established by the Prophet Muhammad in 624. This is the “holiday of breaking the fast”, which means the end of the fast in the month of Ramadan. wrote about the mosque in Norilsk, which was included in the Guinness Book of Records as the northernmost in the world and the only one beyond the Arctic Circle. More about it – in the material.



Why is the War of the Scarlet and White Roses called that?

War of the Scarlet and White Rose — civil wars of feudal clans for the English throne. Participants of the confrontation — two branches of the Plantagenet dynasty * – Lancaster (coat of arms with a scarlet rose) and York (arms with a white rose). 

As a result of a military conflict that lasted thirty years (1455–1485) came to power distant relative of the Lancasters Henry VII Tudor**. By marrying the York heiress Elizabeth, he combined the scarlet and white roses in his coat of arms and founded the ruling Tudor dynasty.

Representation of the legendary scene in the Temple garden in the first part of the play “Henry VI”, where the supporters of the warring parties choose red and white roses. Photo: reproduction

Why conflict got the name "War of the Scarlet and White Rose"?

The name of the conflict first appeared in 1762 by philosopher David Humein "History of England". During the war itself, it was not called that, and no one went into battle under banners with flower emblems. Hume proposed to use this phraseological unit. In his book, he wrote: “These civil wars were known throughout Europe as the War of the Two Roses.” 

Although the term he used did not catch on, the writer Walter Scott drew attention to it . In the novel «Anna Geiershteinskaya, virgin of darkness» (in Russia the book is known as «Karl the Bold") he called the political upheavals of the 15th century the “wars of the Scarlet and White Roses”; (“wars of the White and Red Roses”). Since then the struggle of the aristocratic families of England Yorks and Lancasters and their adherents and relatives for the title of the English king was called the war of the Scarlet and White Rose.

Using the term "War of the Scarlet and White Rose», Scott was guided by the scene 4 parts of the first historical chronicle William Shakespeare “Henry VI”:


If you are so stubborn in your silence,
Open your mind to us with dumb signs.
Let the one who is a true nobleman
And value his birth,
If he thinks that I stand for the truth ,
Pick a white rose here with me.


Let him who is a stranger to cowardice and flattery,
But he wants to sincerely stand for the truth,
With me he will pick a scarlet rose.

The Lancasters indeed had a red rose as one of their emblems, while the Yorks had a — white, although in the late Middle Ages each aristocratic family had a whole heraldic bouquet — five, seven, or even ten emblems, which were used depending on the circumstances. 

After the wedding of Henry VII Tudor and Elizabeth of York, the famous Tudor rose with a combination of scarlet and white petals appeared, which became the heraldic emblem of the Tudor dynasty (1485–1603).

*Plantagenets — a royal dynasty of French origin, one of the branches of the house of Gatinet-Anjou, whose main possessions were originally in France, but subsequently expanded significantly. As a result, the Plantagenets turned out to be the rulers of England, Normandy, as well as Gascony and Guienne.

**Tudor — the royal dynasty of England in 1485-1603. The first monarch of the Tudor dynasty — Henry VII. His reign, which lasted 24 years, turned out to be one of the most peaceful eras in the history of the country.




Phoenix’s last trip. How “General Belgrano” died for the Falklands

May 2, 1982  Naval history on Earth has changed once and for all. For the first time, a nuclear submarine attacked and sank an enemy surface ship — a whole cruiser!

The cruiser was 44 years old, his name was “General Belgrano”, and he was an Argentinean. The boat was only 13, her name was Conqueror», she was from England.

Islands in ocean

Small islands can sometimes cause big troubles. This happened in 1982 with two patches of land in the southwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Argentina. The Argentines called the Malvinas Islands. The British, who actually owned them — Falkland Islands.

C XVIII islands belonged to one European power, then another. Above them flew the French flag, then the Spanish. C 1833  Britain controlled the islands. In  April 1982    there their peacefully grazing sheep were attacked by Argentine marines. Argentina was ruled by the ambitious General Leopoldo Galtieriwho decided to take this step of an ideological and demonstrative nature, rather than the practical significance of small islands for big Argentina. In the end, this country, as part of the former Spanish Empire, also had some kind of right to the islands.

But — found a scythe on a stone. The British Prime Minister was the “iron lady” Margaret Thatcher. She quickly shut up her financiers, who said that to recapture the islands — it is expensive. And also to my admirals, who said it was dangerous. By then, Thatcher's own rating had fallen catastrophically due to unpopular measures. And soon Britain faced new parliamentary elections. The cunning Thatcher could not miss such a chance to raise the popularity of the ruling party. As a result, the Falklands turned out to be the center of confrontation between two rulers who were in dire need of a "small victorious war".

Soon, a British squadron consisting of 2 aircraft carriers, 8 destroyers, 17 frigates, 3 nuclear submarines and a large number of “small dishes” entered the course to the south-south-west. Among the submarines was the one   — “Conqueror”.

Alignment of forces

In the early morning of May 2, 1982, “Conqueror” I was doing the same thing as all the previous day — monitored the  Argentine naval formation as part of the cruiser "General Belgrano" and 2 destroyers. The cruiser was built in the USA before the Second World War under the name “Phoenix”. The Argentines who bought it after the war named the cruiser in honor of their national hero. Manuel Belgrano — Argentine general and diplomat XVIII — 19th century. He became famous, in particular, for inventing the current flag of his country.

Manuel Belgrano. Photo: Public Domain

“General Belgrano” was not  the newest ship, but in the entire British squadron, its 152-mm guns had nothing to oppose. Don't let him close to the ships of his unit — and this was the combat mission of Captain 2 rank Christopher Reford-Brown, commander of the Conqueror.

Boat versus cruiser

British Naval Strike Force at the Falklands was commanded by Admiral Sir John Forster Woodward nicknamed Sandy. Every British admiral, if he's worth anything, has a similar nickname. It is a tradition. After retiring, Woodward wrote a memoir, which he called Napoleonically simply: “One Hundred Days.” (One Hundred Days). On board the Conqueror he, of course, was not present, but he knew the commander of the submarine, Christopher Reford-Brown. He served under him when Sandy himself was a submariner.

“Seconds were running, — the admiral wrote in his memoirs about the very moment of the torpedo attack, & nbsp; & mdash; the big cruiser was still sailing at 13 knots. 55 seconds after the shot, the first Mk8 torpedo crashed into the port side of the General Belgrano between the anchor and the first gun turret. The explosion tore off almost the entire bow of the ship. Through the periscope, Christopher Wreford-Brown saw a large, sky-high fireball of explosion.

The Conqueror's acoustician, in a dull tone, as if he was counting sheep, reported: “Explosion!”.. Then followed: “Second explosion!..” The second torpedo exploded under the aft superstructure … The last torpedo sounded different, more distant, more metallic, more clear. One of the escort ships, the destroyer Buchard, later reported that it had received a glancing hit from a torpedo that failed to explode.

On the Conqueror everything listened to the unforgettable impact of the explosions and knew that their torpedoes had hit somewhere. For the first time in 24 hours, the sound of the cruiser's propellers disappeared, and     the ensuing silence, on the sonar remained only an ominous tinkling sound, reminiscent of the sound of breaking glass. This is how the noise of a collapsing large ship is heard on a modern sonar.

A few explanations: the  submarine "Conqueror" there were 6 bow torpedo tubes. At three, the commander ordered the loading of a Mk8 torpedo, which was no newer than the cruiser they had sunk. Another three were more modern Mk 8 “Tigerfish”, controlled by wires. But Reford-Browns relied on the classics.

Together with the cruiser, 323 sailors died, about half of all Argentina's casualties in the war.

The story is different, another Argentine ship, the aircraft carrier Vainticinco de Mayo, built in  1945 in England, would have been hit by a nuclear submarine. However, this would hardly have affected the course of the war. After the death of “General Belgrano” the entire fleet of Argentina was laid up and did not participate in the fighting. The ship's air group operated from airfields on land and achieved considerable success. However, this is a completely different story.

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Politico reported thousands of foreigners fighting on the side of Ukraine

The publication refers to retired military and employees of American PMCs who are currently on the territory of Ukraine

Combat-trained Americans, along with thousands of other foreigners, are participating in military operations in Ukraine on the side of Kyiv. Such an assessment is given in an article published in the American edition of Politico.

The material notes that in Ukraine, in particular, the Task Force Yankee group, headed by the American Harrison Yosefovitz, operates. He previously worked as a police officer in Chicago, Illinois, and also served in the Army (ground forces) of the United States.

Josefowitz told reporters of the publication that in the said group “more than 190 volunteers”, suggesting the participation of some of them in combat. According to him, those who previously served in the armed forces are used for this. The publication notes that members of the Task Force Yankee, among other things, contribute to the delivery of medicines and food to the lines of hostilities in the eastern and southern parts of Ukraine in the interests of Kyiv.

On April 29, CNN, citing the family of an American citizen and PMC mercenary Willie Joseph, reported his death in Ukraine. According to the mother of the mercenary, he went to Poland on March 12 and crossed the border into Ukraine on March 12-13. The woman noted that in the group of mercenaries, in which her son was, there were citizens of “a variety of countries.” The State Department told the TV channel that it was “aware of these reports and is closely monitoring the situation,” but declined to comment further “for confidentiality reasons.”

On the night of February 24 Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine. Three days later, on February 27, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky announced the formation of an “international defense legion” consisting of foreign citizens. In early March, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the arrival of foreign mercenaries and employees of private military companies in Ukraine.

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At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

As Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said on April 20, Ukrainian embassies are actively recruiting foreign mercenaries; there are about 7,000 people from 63 countries in the country. According to her, the mercenaries come from the United States, Canada, Georgia, Great Britain, Poland and Romania. “More than a thousand mercenaries have already been destroyed. About a thousand more refused to participate in hostilities and returned to their former extremist deployment sites, », — Zakharova said.

She noted that the remaining 4.8 & ndash; 5 thousand foreign mercenaries should return to their states, since, according to international law, they are deprived of legal protection and their “at best” awaits a long prison term.

During the military operation in Ukraine, the Russian Defense Ministry has repeatedly reported on the destruction of foreign mercenaries and their training centers. The official representative of the department, IgorKonashenkov, previously stated that they appeared in the country “against the background of the destruction of nationalists.” Western mercenaries and fighters of foreign PMCs are attacking Russian troops using weapons supplied by the West, he argued.

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The police began to detain the opposition, blocking the streets in Yerevan

On May 2, the Armenian opposition began civil disobedience actions. People are blocking the streets, demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Pashinyan due to his position on Nagorno-Karabakh and the lack of support from Russia


Special police forces began to detain participants in the mass protests that block the central streets of Yerevan and demand the resignation of Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, follows from the broadcast of the 24news TV channel on YouTube.

The Armenian opposition entered France Square at about 7:00 am ( 6:00 Moscow time) on May 2, said the leader of the “Azatagrum” movement, the former head of the pro-Russian society “Tsargrad Armenia” Mikael Badalyan on Telegram. Some of the protesters have been on the streets since yesterday.

New shares were scheduled for 8:30 am (7:30 Moscow time). By this time, people had already blocked Arshakunyants Avenue. After another 10 minutes, the leader of “Azatagrum” reported blocking 14 streets. Protesters use garbage cans, cars to block, or stand on the roads themselves. In order to clear the roads, in some places the police are trying to move cars.

One of the major marches is led by Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly of Armenia Ishkhan Saghatelyan from the Hayastan bloc, which competes with the ruling Civil Contract party. He is also one of the leaders of the Azatagrum movement.

At 8:26 Badalyan announced his arrest, he was already being taken to the police station.

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As of 0:40 local time (0:40 Moscow time), the police detained 125 activists, the press service of the police reported, TASS reports.

Opposition representatives are dissatisfied with the policy of Pashinyan's party and have been holding protests since mid-April because of the prime minister's words about the need to “lower the bar of expectations” on the status of Nagorno-Karabakh. The opposition regarded his words as a readiness to recognize the region as part of Azerbaijan under pressure from Turkey. Pashinyan himself intends to “surrender” Karabakh rejected it.

At the same time, Azatgrum activists more than once they spoke out against the position of the Armenian authorities, who refused to recognize the DPR and LPR, and also abstained in the UN General Assembly condemning the military operation of Russia in Ukraine.

The day before, a big rally in Place de France. Some protesters set up tents and held a round-the-clock protest. Traffic on the square was paralyzed, the protesters built barricades of garbage cans, benches.

Later, the opposition announced that large-scale civil disobedience would begin on May 2.

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In Haiti, a group of armed men kidnapped a Dominican diplomat

According to El Día's source, the kidnappers demanded a $500,000 ransom for the diplomat. .jpg” alt=”In Haiti, a group of armed men kidnapped a Dominican diplomat” />

Members of a criminal group kidnapped Carlos Guillen Tatis, an adviser to the Dominican Embassy in Haiti, in the suburbs of the capital of the republic, Port-au-Prince. This was reported by El Día newspaper with reference to police data.

According to the authorities, the diplomat was kidnapped by members of the local 400 Mawozo gang, who, according to El Día, abducted 17 American missionaries last year, for which they demanded a ransom of $1 million.

This time, according to a source in intelligence, the kidnappers demanded a ransom of $500,000.

The Dominican government, through its embassy in Port-au-Prince, demanded from the Haitian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that the authorities of this country immediately investigate and achieve the release of Carlos Guillen Tatis “safe and sound”, writes El Día.

Last July, President Jovenel Moise was assassinated in Haiti. The attackers broke into his house and opened fire. His wife was injured. The security forces detained more than 20 suspects in the assassination of the head of state.

The assassination of the president took place amid protests and a difficult political environment. After the incident, the country's authorities asked the United States to send in a military contingent to protect infrastructure from protesters. United States President Joe Biden then announced that he would send only a limited number of Marines to protect the American embassy.

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US First Lady to visit Romania and Slovakia

Jill Biden's visit is scheduled for May 5-9. She will meet with US military personnel, embassy staff, as well as Ukrainian refugees. alt=”U.S. First Lady to visit Romania and Slovakia” />

Jill Biden

U.S. First Lady Jill Biden will visit Romania and Slovakia on May 5–9 to meet with US military and diplomats, as well as Ukrainian refugees, reports Reuters with a link to her office.

So, on May 6, the wife of US President Joe Biden will visit the Mihail Kogalniceanu airbase. in eastern Romania near the Black Sea to meet with the military, then she will head to Bucharest to meet with Romanian government officials, American diplomats and humanitarian workers.

In Slovakia, she will visit the cities of Bratislava, Kosice and Vyshne-Nemets&mdash ; there she will also meet with local officials, Ukrainian refugees and aid workers.

Sunday, May 8,— Mother's Day in the USA Jill Biden will meet with Ukrainian women and children who were forced to leave Ukraine amid hostilities.

In mid-February, NATO decided to expand the number of multinational military contingents in 30 European countries, primarily in Bulgaria, Slovakia and Romania, DPA reported. Prior to this, the alliance battlegroups were based only in Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

The Wall Street Journal on April 2 reported that the number of soldiers of the countries & mdash; NATO members at the military base “Mikhail Kogalniceanu” in Romania in a few weeks it grew to 3 thousand. At the same time, 1.9 thousand people— US soldiers, some of them were transferred from Germany.

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In addition, about 500 French troops and about 300 Belgian troops are stationed at the base.

On February 4, the United States and Slovakia also signed a military cooperation agreement that gives Washington the right to use air bases and other military installations in the country.

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Volodin called war criminals those who supply weapons to Ukraine

According to him, the West began to forget about the price that had to be paid during the Second World War in order to free the world from fascism. “Short historical memory can lead to big problems,” Volodin warned ” alt=” Volodin called war criminals those who supply weapons to Ukraine” />

Viacheslav Volodin

The leaders of the states that have decided to supply weapons to Ukraine must be held accountable as war criminals. This was stated by State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin.

“The leaders of a number of European states, led by Germany, can drag their people into big problems. By supplying weapons to Ukraine, they become a party to the conflict,— he wrote in Telegram.

Volodin noted that European leaders did not react in any way to the death of people in the House of Trade Unions in Odessa in 2014 and did nothing to protect civilians in Donbass. Nevertheless, now they are “doing everything to make the Slavs die in Ukraine.”

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on April 30 that the US and NATO should stop supplying weapons to Ukraine and ammunition if they are interested in resolving the crisis.

He noted that NATO, while publicly expressing support for Ukraine, is doing everything to prevent the completion of the operation by reaching political agreements between Moscow and Kyiv.

Sergei Koshelev, Deputy Director of the North America Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, in turn, pointed out that the Russian military may consider shipments of US and NATO weapons in Ukraine as legitimate targets.

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In response, US national security adviser Jake Sullivan said that Ukraine needs military assistance for protection and that the United States, despite the “Russian threats”, will continue to provide it.

The United States, the EU and other countries began to supply weapons to Ukraine even before the start of the Russian military operation. On April 21, Washington promised a new package of military aid to Kyiv. It will include 72 howitzers and 72 towing vehicles, 144 thousand artillery shells and 121 tactical drones.

The Kremlin noted that Western weapons cannot “stop the offensive”; and will not prevent Russia from achieving the goals of the special operation.

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Scholz called the timing of the termination of coal and oil supplies to the EU from Russia

German Chancellor Scholz: The EU will stop importing oil and coal from Russia by the end of the year” alt=”Scholz announced the timing of the termination of coal and oil supplies to the EU from Russia” />

Olaf Scholz

The European Union will stop importing Russian coal in the summer, and by the end of the year will refuse Russian oil. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz in an interview with The Indian Express.

“We [the EU] will cut off Russian coal supplies this summer, we will cut off Russian oil before the end of the year, and we will seriously cut gas supplies from Russia,” he said.

According to him, Russia's actions in Ukraine are “unacceptable”, so the West's sanctions policy is necessary, despite the economic costs for some EU countries.

Since the beginning of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, Western countries, including the US and the EU, have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow. The EU introduced the previous, fifth package of restrictions on April 8. It includes a complete embargo on Russian coal imports. Imports of Russian gas, oil and nuclear fuel were not affected by the new restrictive measures.

The fact that the European Commission is preparing the sixth package of sanctions against Russia, which implies restrictions on the oil sector, was said in mid-April by the head of the EC, Ursula von der Leyen. As French Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Anne-Clair Legendre clarified on April 29, France expects the introduction of new EU sanctions against Russia, including restrictions on oil in the near future.

In total, the EU is considering three possible scenarios regarding Russian oil, it was reported Bloomberg sources: embargo, price caps and the creation of a “payment mechanism to keep the proceeds” that Moscow has received since the start of the military special operation against Kyiv.

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The head of the Russian Ministry of Finance, Anton Siluanov, said earlier that Russian oil production could fall by 17% this year, and it is still difficult to predict the fate of energy sales from Russia. “Will there be a decrease in production? Will. In what volumes: 17%, a little less or a little more, perhaps»,— the minister pointed out.

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What refugees from Mariupol told about life during the battles for the city

Taganrog again became one of the main points of reception of Ukrainian refugees. Many ended up in the city, having fled from the almost completely destroyed Mariupol. They told RBC how they survived urban battles and how they fled to Russia * ” alt=”What refugees from Mariupol told about life during the battles for the city” />

Since the beginning of the military special operation in Ukraine, a little more than 1 million people have been evacuated from the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics. Mariupol became one of the main points from which people fled. Before the start of the operation, more than 400,000 people lived in the city near the Sea of ​​Azov. Now it is almost completely destroyed, and most of the inhabitants have left.

After “filtering” Mariupol are brought to Taganrog and placed in TAPs (temporary accommodation points) in order to be further sent around the country— from Lipetsk to Khabarovsk. The largest item in the city is located in the Sports Palace. The RBC correspondent spoke with those who temporarily live in the palace, where more than 400 beds are arranged on the sports ground.

“They look for tattoos”

Everyone entering Russia from Ukraine goes through the so-called “filtering.” They make their own base. Reveal someone. Questions are asked: was— did not have. Do you have [relatives] in the security services of Ukraine, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Azov etc. Well, look at the presence of tattoos, so that there are no scuffs from unloading. But there was no violence, — 38-year-old Konstantin tells RBC.

He is a railway worker, lived in the village of Mirny— this is the northeast of the city, closer to the border with the DPR. Mirny was badly damaged by the bombings. “The Armed Forces entered the villages. They came, set up a cannon, fired back from the corner and left. It is clear that there will be an arrival. And this broke it all (civilian objects— RBC). The Ukrainian authorities say that we are hijacking (defending) Mariupol. If you are defending, then stay on the lines, on your first line. Why did you enter the city? Why are you tanks… Hiding in nine-story buildings, climbing with javelins. What for? At least people were evacuated,— he says.“Nothing was organized. Even on the 24th no one said anything. Only when the plant [Ilyich] began to stop, and I lived here for 30 years, the plant will never stop, they realized that something would happen,— he says.— Well, bring at least a simple humanitarian aid? I don't think it was possible to agree.

Most likely, Konstantin will not return to Mariupol. “If there is infrastructure, yes, I am ready, but in general, of course, we are not with us. Very bad damage there. Children need somewhere to study, but there are simply no schools, — he says and admits that his son is 18 years old— this is another reason not to return to the city. Onby did not want him to fight for one of the sides. Now he, like almost everyone in this Taganrog TAP, will go to Lipetsk, in the late afternoon they will be picked up by a bus and taken to the station.

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On Heroic Street in the Ilyichevsk district of Mariupol, there are fragments of a nine-story building— one half burned down, the other collapsed, 66-year-old Elena recalls. There was no basement-shelter in the house and people hid from shelling in the stairwell near the elevator (they decided it was safer), continues a lonely pensioner who has no relatives either in Russia or Ukraine. There, by the elevator, they and their neighbors made pillows for themselves, and when the shelling began, they tucked their legs under themselves and covered themselves with a blanket.

“There was a maternity hospital No. 1 behind our house, and in the maternity hospital these (Ukrainian military men — RBC) were hiding (hiding). And these 27 days they fired at our house, because our nine-story building closed the maternity hospital. First they knocked down the entire eighth and ninth [floors]»,— she tells. “On March 27, the maternity hospital was blown up, and we all went to our apartments. The windows were all broken, but at least you could stretch your legs, & mdash; she continues. But on the morning of the 28th, early in the morning, another shell hit their house and part of it collapsed. “Our unit has all failed. It shook, and part of my apartment fell down. And I climbed from the balcony, I knew that there were no glasses anywhere, on the sixth [floor]. And on the sixth, it went already like this, & mdash; she tries to show a pile of concrete with her hands.— Pokaty, blocks. There I saw Borya, a neighbor. He says: “Aunt Lena, wait, now, I will pull the little one out [and help you].” Oksana lived on the ninth floor of their house with her nine-year-old son Andrey. At night, when the house was blown up, they fell after the concrete, the mother died, and the boy survived in a pocket between the plates— Boris got it.

She tells how, under fire, she ran to the garden [No. 151 “Solnyshko”], where a large crater formed after a bomb hit. Bodies were placed in it. "We have a lot of people still freezing in their houses— there was no glass— who had a heart attack, who died under the bath. Well, who, where was he?”. “And then just this one, with white stripes, the military [appeared] (a piece of white fabric on clothes & mdash; a sign of a military man fighting on the side of Russia or Donbass), says: “at the Pentagon (so the locals call the Ilyichevsk district of Mariupol— RBC) there will be a sweep of those who want to evacuate— evacuate.” Then they were taken by bus to the village of Cossack— this is the territory of the DPR. From there to Bezymennoye, also on the territory of the DPR, where one of the filtration points is located. After Elena was sent to Donetsk and put in the hospital— she had a high temperature, and a few days later she left for Russia, for Taganrog. Now waiting for shipment to Lipetsk.

When asked if she would evacuate to Ukraine if she could, Elena replies that she does not. “And many more cities will be bombed there. When I was in the hospital in Donetsk, there are still these shots every day. The grandmothers who were lying in the ward said that I jump up at night, scream and hide with my head, — she explains. “First, Russian channels were turned off for us. There used to be Russian concerts, we could watch. And then it started: everything is in the Move (Ukrainian language), moreover, in such a Move that you won’t understand, but the men are Russian-speaking. Wherever you go, even to a pension fund, even to pay bills, even so in the Ukrainian language, you won’t understand anything. You don’t know how to write, and so you ask someone and everyone has to pay for someone to write this piece of paper for me, — this is how she explained her decision.

“Three shells flew in a minute”

“And then the shell exploded, I saw a pillar of fire, knocked out the door and something in my stomach, — the other Elena understands the sweatshirt, shows exactly in the middle of her stomach a wound glued crosswise with plasters. She suspects the shard is still there. “It was April 7th, on the Annunciation,” — she remembers. She didn't eat anything for the next week— I was afraid that my stomach was damaged. “A neighbor came running to me, took out compote, the pear was rolled up. I didn’t eat at all, I was afraid, I didn’t know what was going on with my stomach, and my mother would eat two or three pears, she would pour off the compote of this and wet my lips, & mdash; she says.


Elena and her 83-year-old mother lived in the Primorsky district. Her mother is sitting in the next bed in the temporary accommodation facility. “And there was nothing to eat anyway. Well, where? Three shells flew in a minute. Even get up, but where— I have a liter of blood out— I get up, I lose consciousness. And I lay for seven days in the dark on the floor. Hungry, no water, nothing at all. Prayed to God. She lay and said: Mom, only [hope] in God now, or our legs and arms will fly apart, — she says. At first, she continues, there was hope of staying. “My house was comparatively whole. Well, there was no roof, there were no windows, but then it started to rain and the ceiling collapsed, and I said: “That's it, I can't do it anymore.” Mom is 83 years old, and I need some kind of medical help, but there is nothing at all. No food, no light, no water, unsanitary conditions. The rats began to run already at night, — she says.

They left, in their own words, by a miracle. Their neighbors, as soon as the shelling began, immediately left the city, to the village of Melekino. At the end of April, when it became relatively calm, they came to see what was left of the house, and took away the wounded Elena and her mother.

Already in the first days of the start of the special operation, Elena and her mother heard explosions, but they thought that they were “beating somewhere in the fields.” “Well, it can’t be [to shoot at houses], that’s crazy. And no connection, nothing. Then, she continues, the Ukrainian military appeared on the streets. “They sat on all the roofs on ours. They didn’t have anything heavy, only machine guns. They started firing at them. “We were killed from both sides. We don't need anyone at all. From this side they defended us, it turns out, they beat us, and from the other side the DPR hit them, also at us, it turns out, — she says. As the shelling ended, Elena says, the house caught fire. “I ran to the neighbors, they have a well. And when she came running, they were lying around. They were then collected ten days later, already like wax they were.

At the same time, her daughter with two children aged 2 and 10, her husband and his family were left without contact in the city center. “The children were hungry, in the cold, pneumonia in a small one. There is a shop “Mirror” nearby. was. He (son-in-law of RBC) says: “I’ll jump out now, there was milk left in the warehouse.” And flew there, and he did not return. And his dad was in the basement, my daughter's father-in-law. He went at night and found him there, — she starts crying.— He pulled it out, folded his hands, wrote a name and surname, date of birth, date of death on a piece of paper, and went, stepped over his child. But then I found out everything.

Elena supports Russia's actions. “Of course. And how did we live there before that, when there was no war? You come to school, you are not Kolya— you are Mikola. Our children had to sing the national anthem. “Glory to Ukraine!” I am Russian-speaking, why are you breaking my child?— she says.— No, I am not against Ukraine, my mother is from Vinnitsa, she speaks cleanly, but this is Ukraine, but not the same as it has come now. Elena pauses and adds: “We were waiting, we wanted [Russia to come]. But we did not think that such a price would be. It's just that if someone said… I would say: “What are you? Cover the city with skulls! There is nothing, just ruins, ruins. There is no city at all!».

Since the beginning of the Russian special operation, the number of civilians killed and wounded has exceeded 6,000, according to the UN. 2829 people died, of which 205 were children. 3180 wounded, including 303 children. At the same time, the organization believes that “the real numbers are much higher.” By the beginning of the third month of the special operation, the number of dead civilians came close to the total number of victims among the civilian population of Ukraine over the seven years of the conflict in Donbas. From 2014 to February 2021, according to the same UN, 3375 civilians were killed.

The number of refugees from Ukraine reached almost 5.5 million by the end of April. Most went to European countries. About 653 thousand left for Russia, who before the war lived in Ukraine or territories controlled by the authorities of the partially recognized DPR and LPR. 136 thousand of them— from Mariupol, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said on April 21. Colonel-General Mikhail Mizintsev, head of the National Defense Control Center of the Russian Federation, said on April 30 that more than 1 million people left the territory of Ukraine for Russia since the beginning of the conflict.

“They fled, singing songs about God all the time”< /p>

There could have been fewer casualties if people didn't think the fighting would end soon, says Viktor, 66, who worked as a fitter at the ruined Mariupol Drama Theater until retirement. “Even before the war, I installed a [satellite] dish for myself. “60 minutes” watched with Skabeeva. They always said that the war would end quickly, in a few days. They shoot and leave. But they (the Ukrainian military — RBC) did not leave, — he says. In addition, he continues, right before the war, a native of Donetsk, Ukrainian billionaire Rinat Akhmetov, who owns Azovstal, came to the city. And people thought that there was some kind of agreement that Mariupol would not be touched, surrendered or spared, Viktor adds.

He lived in the central district of Mariupol, in the private sector just near Azovstal, hiding in the cellar of his one-story house. “There was nothing to breathe because of the burning plastic. You are walking around the city, there are no people around. A sniper, he can be on the left or on the right, anywhere. There is blackness under your feet, there is nothing to breathe, you walk, try to cling to some wall, you go in dashes. Lucky— passed. No luck… And a lot of bodies. You're just stepping over.

He was able to leave Mariupol with his family in mid-April. Their house was destroyed due to shelling, and finally burned down. “The problem is that there was no water in Mariupol, there was nothing to extinguish. We just watched everything burn down, — says Victor. Viktor blames the Azov people for losing his home. “Well, at least because they provoked. Onzhe with a mortar will approach where you live, shoot a couple of times and leave from there. That is, provokes a response. And the DPR people understand, yeah, since you fired from there, they give an answer, but he’s gone, he’s already run away, — he says.

After Vladimir's house burned down, he and his family spent the night on the street. “The next day, new shelling began, and it was very strong. And we saw the believers flee. They ran, singing songs about God all the time. In Russia, this organization is banned, most likely, it was Jehovah's Witnesses (in 2017, the organization was recognized as extremist and banned in Russia). They hid in the Palace of Culture “Youth”. And we, in what we were, ran with them under fire, & mdash; he says. According to him, no one in Mariupol, at least in the central region, knew if there was an organized evacuation. “They said there is a green corridor there, there is a green one there— but no one [officially] did it. And if they (the Witnesses— RBC) didn't run, then we wouldn't run,— he says. As a result, on April 17 they reached Volodarsky— village on the northwestern exit from the city, there were already military DNR and there was a filtration point. “They checked us and put us in a passenger car to Berdyansk,” — he says. His brother lives in this city. On April 19, he once again returned to Mariupol for his daughter, and after that they left for Russia.

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New Zealand announces sanctions against Russian defense enterprises

Wellington introduces restrictive measures against six defense structures and 170 Russian senators =”New Zealand announced sanctions against Russian defense enterprises” />

Nanaya Mahuta

New Zealand Foreign Minister Nanaya Mahuta announced the next sanctions against Russian politicians and the defense sector. The new restrictive measures are directed against 170 members of the Federation Council of Russia and six defense enterprises, “which contributed to the encroachment on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.”

New Zealand authorities have also stepped up sanctions on more than 400 people who were previously banned from entering the country.

“This will further prevent those we have already sanctioned from operating in New Zealand and prevent New Zealand Zealand to become a financial haven for those who are involved in the illegal actions of Russia,— Mahuta said.

New Zealand has introduced several packages of sanctions against Russia since the end of February. In mid-March, the country imposed sanctions against President Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. These restrictions include asset freezes and entry bans.

In addition, Wellington banned the entry of more than 360 Russians, including Presidential Press Secretary Dmitry Peskov, Sberbank CEO German Gref, businessman Yevgeny Prigozhin, Boris and Igor Rotenberg, head of Rosneft Igor Sechin.

In early April, New Zealand restricted the export of “products closely related to Russia's strategic industries”; and imposed sanctions against 18 Russian banks and financial institutions.

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Among them: the Central Bank of Russia, Sberbank, VTB, Gazprombank, VEB, Alfa-Bank, Rosselkhozbank, Rossiya Bank, Otkritie, MKB, Sovcombank, SMP Bank, as well as RDIF.

The Russian Foreign Ministry accused New Zealand of following the “Russophobic course” initiated by the “collective West”. In response, Moscow banned the entry of 130 representatives of the country, including Governor General Cynthia Quiro, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, her deputy Grant Robertson, Mahouta, Defense Secretary Pini Henare.

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Orban got into the “Peacemaker” database as an “anti-Ukrainian propagandist”

The Hungarian prime minister is included in the site's database with the notes “anti-Ukrainian propagandist” and “accomplice in Russian crimes.” Earlier, the Hungarian prime minister refused to supply weapons to Ukraine and accepted Russia's new gas payment conditions jpg” alt=”Orban ended up in the “Peacemaker” base as an “anti-Ukrainian propagandist”” />

Viktor Orban

The Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban appeared in the database of the Ukrainian website “Peacemaker”, follows from the data of the portal.

The reason the policy is on this list — refusal to allow military aid for Kyiv to pass through Hungary. The creators of the base called Orban “anti-Ukrainian propagandist” and “an accomplice in Russian crimes.”

The site “Peacemaker” was created in 2014. It contains personal data of people whom the authors of the portal consider to be involved in “crimes against the foundations of the national security of Ukraine”. In Russia, the portal is blocked by a court decision.

Since the beginning of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, the Hungarian prime minister has been repeatedly criticized by both Western and Ukrainian authorities. According to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Kyiv did not ask Budapest for specific assistance, but did not receive “even what everyone else is doing.” He also called Orban the only politician in Europe who supports Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Hungary refused to supply weapons to Ukraine almost immediately after the start of Russia's military operation. Orban stated that the country would not interfere in the conflict and defended only its own national interests. Later, the Prime Minister said that Hungary forbids using its territory for transit arms supplies to Ukraine. Orban invited Putin to hold peace talks with Zelensky in Budapest.

Also, the Hungarian authorities were the first in the European Union to adopt a new scheme for paying for Russian gas in rubles, and the head of the Prime Minister's Office, Gergely Gouyash, opposed the sanctions, “which in first of all, they punish us ourselves».

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Russia launched a special operation to “demilitarize and denazify” Ukraine 24 February. Ukraine in response to this declared martial law and general mobilization. Western countries condemned the special operation and began to impose sanctions against Moscow.

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Medvedev said that Ukraine “sits on the neck” of Europe

Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Medvedev: Ukraine “sits on the neck” of European sponsors Medvedev also warned the leaders of France, Germany, Italy and other countries after the Hungarian Prime Minister Orban was included in the Peacemaker database as an “anti-Ukrainian propagandist.” “Beware. You, too, are under suspicion! — he noted